International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal. Azerbaijan Medical Journal Gongcheng Kexue Yu Jishu/Advanced Engineering Science Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery Interventional Pulmonology

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-07-06-2022-1471
Total View : 477

Abstract : A high caries prevalence was recorded among the Head and neck Cancer children who treated with radiotherapy. Prevention was recommended to strengthen the hard dental tissues against the direct effects of radiotherapy. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of diode laser and two types of remineralizing agents on the chemical structure of primary teeth enamel which are exposed to radiation. 40 enamel specimens from primary molars were prepared and randomly allocated into 5 groups. Group 1(Control Negative) n=5, was not exposed to any treatment or radiation, Group 2 (Control positive) n=5, received dose of 60 Gray gamma irradiation. In groups 3-5, the specimens were splitted up into 2 subgroups A and B (n=5 each). Subgroups A were gamma irradiated followed by different surface treatments, 3A:10% nano-hydroxyapatite (nHA) paste, 4A: 5% Sodium Fluoride varnish (FV) and 5A: diode laser 980nm. Subgroups B were received surface treatments (3B: 10% nHA, 4B: 5% FV and 5B: diode laser 980nm) then gamma irradiated. Environmental Electron Dispersive Analytical X-ray was used in this study to quantify the Calcium (Ca), Phosphorus (P) weight (wt)% and the Ca/P ratio. Regarding Ca (wt%), there was a significant difference between different groups (P=0.032). The highest value was found in subgroup 4A while the lowest value was found in 5A. The highest value of P (wt%), was found in subgroup 4A while the lowest was found in Group2. Considering Ca/P wt%, there was insignificant difference between different groups (P=0.096). The highest value was found in Group1 while the lowest was found in subgroup 5B. The chemical structure of enamel in gamma irradiated teeth had been enhanced with the application of nHA and FV. Using the diode laser alone didn’t show a positive effect in improving the minerals of enamel..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-31-05-2022-1466
Total View : 439

Abstract :

Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS), is an inflammatory, demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy characterized by areflexia, ascending symmetrical limb weakness and sensory disturbances. GBS is associated with Autonomic Dysfunction in up to two-thirds of patients. Cardiovascular system is most commonly involved with tachycardia as most common manifestation. Gastrointestinal dysmotility occurs in 15% of patients of GBS due to the autonomic neuropathy. Here we present  a case series of GBS presenting with gastrointestinal dysmotility leading to paralytic ileus.

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Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-31-05-2022-1465
Total View : 479

Abstract : Acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) application is used for dental caries prevention. Combination of APF with different laser wavelengths increases acid resistance in enamel. To assess the effects of Er-Yag (2.94 μm) laser and Diode (940 nm) laser after the application of APF on the morphology, mineral content and micro-hardness of the enamel surface of human teeth in-vitro. 40 freshly extracted 3rd molars crowns were collected then splitted longitudinally into 80 halves. (20 halves/ group; 10 halves/assesment). The four groups were divided as follows; Group 1 (Control group), group 2 (Application of 1.23% APF gel only), group 3 (diode laser; 1W for 60 sec, contact mode after APF gel) and group 4 (Er-YAG; 80 mJ, 0.8 W, 10 Hz; 0% air; 0% water, pulsed mode for 10 sec after APF gel). Specimens were morphologically examined by Scanning electron microscope (SEM and microhardness by Vickers Microhardness (VMH) test. Collected data were statistically analyzed by ANOVA test. Applying diode laser after APF showed superior VMH, and obliterated ERE in SEM while Er-YAG laser application after APF revealed the least microhardness with obliterated EREs and more cracks over other groups. Diode laser (940 nm) after APF application showed superior SEM with less cracks and VMH results over application of APF alone then control group. However, the poorest SEM with more cracks and least VMH was obtained upon Er-YAG laser application after APF..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-31-05-2022-1464
Total View : 360

Abstract :

Background: Thyroid nodules are common, and there is an increasing awareness about Thyroid-stimulating hormoneas a cancer risk. The current meta-analysis aimed to assess the link of TSH to thyroid malignancy among patients with thyroid nodules.

Subjects and Methods: We searched PubMed, EBSCO, Cochrane Library, and the first 100 articles in Google Scholar from the first published article up to April 2022; we included prospective cohorts, retrospective studies, and case-control studies. Case series and case reports were not included. The following terms were used: thyrotropin-releasing hormone, TSH, thyroid nodule, malignant potential. The Revman system was used for data analysis.

Results: In the present meta-analysis, (9 studies and 4565 patients were included, the studies were six retrospective, two prospective, and one cross-sectional). More than half of the studies were from Asia, two from Europe, one from the USA, and one from South America. The TSH level was associated with thyroid nodule malignant potential (odd ratio, 0.78, 95% CI, 0.27-1.30, P-value, 0.003). However, the heterogeneity was substantial, I2, 83%, P-value, <0.001, and Chi-square, 24.05.

Conclusion: Higher TSH levels were associated with increasing malignancy among patients with thyroid nodules. Serum TSH level might be included among risk factors of malignancy in patients with thyroid nodules. Larger prospective studies with longer duration are needed.   

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Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-30-05-2022-1462
Total View : 424

Abstract : Syphilis is a great imitator disease, presents with protean clinical manifestations which mimics other diseases. Neurosyphilis is a major complication of syphilis, it can occur at any stage of the disease with serious neurological and psychiatric manifestations. Over the years the clinical presentation of neurosyphilis has changed with psychiatric and neurocognitive symptoms being predominant. In the present retrospective study clinico-microbiological observations of 15 patients diagnosed to have Neurosyphilis on the basis of cerebrospinal fluid examination by Venereal Disease Research Laboratory test and Treponema pallidum hemagglutination over a period of three years were reviewed. The prevalence of neurosyphilis among syphilis patients was 41.66%. Male (86.67 %) predominance was observed in the study. Neuropsychiatry presentation [11(73.33%)] was the predominant followed by myelopathic [3(20%)] and meningovascular [1(6.66%)]. All the neuropsychiatry cases presented with complaints of behavioural changes, depression, mania and dementia. Human immunodeficiency virus co‑infection was noted in three (20%) patients. Diffuse Cortical atrophy on MR imaging was the predominant observation among 13 (86.66%) patients. On Cerebrospinal fluid examination analysis the median protein level was 75 mg/dl and CSF lymphocyte cell count > 5 cell/L was noted in 11 (73.33%) patients. Neuropsychiatric form was the most common neurosyphilis presentation followed by myelitic and meningovascular in the present study. Diffuse cortical atrophy was the common feature on MR imaging. Atypical forms are now the most common presentation which poses great challenge in diagnosis. High index of suspicion, early diagnosis and prompt treatment can alone decrease the disease burden..
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