International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal. Azerbaijan Medical Journal

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-08-08-2021-869
Total View : 368

Abstract : Restorative proctocolectomy with ileal pouch anal anastomosis (RPC-IPAA) is usually the preferred procedure. This research aims to study the risk factors associated with the development of postoperative complications. For this cohort study we included all patients who underwent RPC-IPAA in the Department of surgical gastroenterology, V.S. General hospital, Ahmedabad between 2008 and 2017. Data for patients who were operated before the year 2012 were obtained retrospectively from the medical records and rest of the data were collected prospectively. Late complications were defined as those developed after 1 month. We compiled the data and analysed using appropriate statistical test to look for pre-operative patient variables associated with late complications. Out of 32 patients, 19 males and 13 were females with average age was 32.3 years at the time operation. 13 patients developed complications [pouchitis (n=6), incisional hernia (n=3), bowel obstruction (n=2), pouch leakage (n=1) and erectile dysfunction (n=1)]. We found serum albumin less than 3 mg/dL and pancolitis associated with more postoperative late complications with p value 0.007 and 0.04 respectively which is statistically significant. Other patient variables like gender, duration of disease more than 36 months, extraintestinal manifestations, smoking, dietary pattern, family history, medical comorbidities, body mass index less than 20 kg/m2, ESR>30, backwash ileitis or stapler anastomosis were not associated with increased post-operative complications and statistically insignificant. This study demonstrates that low preoperative albumin level and pancolitis are risk factors for late complications of IPAA. Preoperative nutritional support, especially albumin, could reduce late complication..
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International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-08-08-2021-867
Total View : 394

Abstract : Key role of radiologists and other health care staff working in radiology department, covid patient management, psychological counselling to our staff, disinfection of imaging rooms and equipment, Low-dose protocols to minimising the radiation risks. Role of imaging techniques in the covid patient management and disinfection of imaging rooms and equipment, Low-dose protocols were implemented to minimising the risks of radiation and Safety of health care staff working in radiology department. Radiological guidelines issued from societies related to COVID-19, Review articles, published literature, and large number of research journals to find out the latest evidence for the evolving role of radiology in COVID-19 pandemic. Computed tomography, Chest radiograph and chest ultrasound are plays main key role in covid patient management, psychological counselling to health care staff results best outputs and minimising transmission of disease to health care workers and other normal patients visiting a radiology department..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-08-08-2021-866
Total View : 369

Abstract :

Household food insecurity is highly prevalent in developing countries but clearly not associated with poor health and nutrition outcomes of children in many countries. Children in food-insecure households were more malnourished and faces higher rate of hospitalization, iron deficiency anemia, and more frequent stomach aches and headaches than in food-secure households. Some researches shows household food insecurity was associated with underweight, wasting and stunting that mean malnutrition among children. This cross-sectional study aimed to find out the extent of association between household food insecurity and sociodemographic characteristics of under 5 children in a coastal area of Bangladesh. This household based cross-sectional study was conducted among 453 under five children and their respective mother/ head of household residing in 11 villages of 5 union parishad of Ashasuni upazill of Satkhira district of Bangladesh to find out the extent of association between household food insecurity and sociodemographic characteristics of them. Children getting consent from their parents were inducted as study participants. Semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect data on the food security and socio-demographic variables. Among 453 participants about 54% (243/453) people were food insecure and among them 32% (145/243) were mildly food insecure followed by moderate food insecure (20%, 91/243) and severe food insecure (2%, 7/243). About 49.0% (222) were male child and 51.0% (231) were female child. The age of respondent’s child was between 12 to 57 month and the mean age was 29.77±14.219 month and the youngest child was 12 month of age while the oldest was 57 month of age. Sociodemographic and socioeconomic factors may be a key contributor of food insecurity status. Paternal responsibility towards family, his occupation, overall earning capacity of family, educational status of children and their housing type may contribute a significant role in household food insecurity level. Improvement of these factors may improve overall security status.

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Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-08-08-2021-865
Total View : 465

Abstract : Febrile neutropenia (FN) is one of the most important clinical challenge faced in the course of treatment of patients with hematological malignancies. Infection is an important complication of neutropenia and is associated with a high morbidity and mortality. We attempted to revisit the common organisms implicated in this group of patients in addition to find their sensitivity patterns. A prospective cross sectional study was carried out at IMS and SUM Hospital over a period of 6 months in patients with hematological malignancies (n=72) presenting with fever and neutropenia. Blood samples were collected from all patients; urine, sputum, mucosal ulcer swabs were collected when symptoms and signs suggestive of specific etiology was suspected and processed for aerobic bacterial as well as fungal culture and sensitivity. The most common underlying hematological disorder in FN was acute myeloid leukemia (AML, 45.8%) followed by acute lymphoid leukemia (ALL, 16.7%) and aplastic anemia (13.9%). Bacteremic episodes were present in 20.8% (15/72) of blood samples. Of 20 sputum samples, 30% (6/20) had a significant bacterial growth. Similarly, bacterial growth was seen in 25% (3/12) of urine culture samples and 14.3% (1/7) mucosal samples. Of all samples from blood, urine, sputum and mucosa with bacterial growth (n=25), Klebsiella pneumoniae (52%; 13/25) followed by isolates of E. coli (24%; 6/25) were the most predominant organisms isolated. All the isolated enterobacterales were highly resistant to piperacillin tazobactam (71.4%), meropenem (71.4%), netilmycin (64.3%) and tigecycline (57.2%). Colistin was sensitive in all the cases. This study reiterates the fact that unlike Western countries, gram negative pathogens are the flag bearers of infection in FN cases in our country. Multi drug resistant Klebsiella spp. was the predominant organism causing bacteremia in these cases..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-08-08-2021-864
Total View : 602

Abstract : Morocco places the fight against cancer as a national health priority; however, the exploitation of existing data in this field is rare because of a fragmentary, incomplete and deficient routine information system. This observation is valid for the region of Marrakech Safi, which does not yet have its own cancer registry, allowing it to know the epidemiological profile of this pathology. Retrospective descriptive and analytical epidemiological study at the center of oncology and hematology of Marrakech from the records of patients with cancer diagnosed between January 2014 and December 2018. The data collection concerned the data related to the variables: sex, age, marital status, origin (city), environment (urban/rural), occupation, mode of payment and management, cancer location. The data were entered and analyzed on SPSS version 24. The incidence of the Marrakech Safi region estimated on the world population is (162.09/100 000) with a female predominance (201.48/100 000) (p<0.0001), against (123.25) for men. Out of 9272 cases of all types of cancer, the risk factors studied show that cancer affects women more than men (62%) (p<0.0001). Their average age is 54.40 ±15.39 years (p<0.0001). The patients are mainly married (80%) (p<0.0001), without profession (84%) (p<0.0001), coming from urban areas (69%) and from the northern provinces of the region. Among the most frequent types of cancer in the female population, breast (43%), cervical (16%), colorectal (6%) and stomach (4%). Among men, lung cancer ranks first (15.5%) followed by prostate (11.9%), stomach (10.6%) and colorectal (10.5%). Whatever the epidemiological indicators used in the analysis of cancer, the situation is very alarming for our country. The establishment of a comprehensive national or regional policy to fight against this scourge requires the installation of cancer registers in the various national oncology centers and the encouragement of research studies in a perspective of the creation of a data portal on cancer in Morocco..
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