International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America Teikyo Medical Journal Journal of the Mine Ventilation Society of South Africa Dokkyo Journal of Medical Sciences
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-27-12-2020-707
Total View : 389

Abstract : Cancer is a non-communicable disease with high mortality and morbidity rates. Data recorded by GLOBOCAN in 2018 shows the number of cancer patients is reached 18 million people with a death rate of 9 million people and predicted to increase every year. Diabetes is known to affect morbidity and mortality in cancer patients through increasing cancer cell proliferation and the risk of metastasis. This literature study not only explains the epidemiology, but also the mechanisms underlying the association of diabetes to cancer in general. Literature search was done using four search engines from PubMed, ProQuest, Science Direct and Google Scholar in the last 5 years, but relevant older articles were included. Cancer occurs due to the carcinogenesis process. This process is complex, where normal cells do not immediately mutate and become cancer cells but through several stages. The possible mechanisms underlying carcinogenesis in diabetic patients are hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, chronic inflammation, genetic variation, obesity, and hyperlactatemia. Examination of sugar levels in cancer patients, as well as cancer screening in patients with diabetes need to be done to detect early events and reduce morbidity and mortality..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-27-12-2020-706
Total View : 398

Abstract : The COVID-19 has resulted in schools shut all across the planet. Globally, over 2.1 million Jordanian kids are out of the schoolroom. As a result, education has modified dramatically, with the distinctive rise of e-learning, whereby teaching is undertaken remotely and on digital platforms. analysis suggests that on-line learning has been shown to extend retention of data, and take less time, that means the changes coronavirus have caused could be here to remain, there are, however, challenges to beat. Some students while not reliable net access and/or technology struggle to participate in digital learning this gap is seen across Jordan and between financial gain brackets inside it. during this analysis we have a tendency to study the result of e-learning on Jordanian academics, by questioners disclosed that academics aren't pleased with e-learning, due to many reasons, and disadvantages..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-18-12-2020-703
Total View : 371

Abstract : Macrosomia is described as a newborn with excessive birth weight. Fetal macrosomia has been defined in several different ways, including the birth weight of 4000– 4500 gm. A diagnosis of fetal macrosomia can be made only by measuring birth weight after delivery; therefore, the condition is confirmed only after delivery of the neonate. Fetal macrosomia is encountered in up to 10% of deliveries. The aim of the study is to find the rate of prevalence of fetal macrosomia and its associated risk factors in pregnant women and secondary objective is to find out the maternal and neonatal complications occurring at the time of delivery. This was a retrospective study conducted at the O&G department of Hospital Sultan Abdul Halim, Sungai Petani, Kedah, Malaysia. All the pregnant women admitted to the O&G ward were included in the study. A total of 5763 women delivered during the period of January 2020 to August 2020. Study groups include O&G patients who attended the inpatient department. Data of the patients were collected by using a pre-designed data collection form. Patient’s demographic characteristics and pregnancy data were collected from the patient’s folder in the database system. The collected data was then transferred and descriptive analysis and chi-squrare test was used to see whether there is any statistically significant association between macrosomia and risk factors, neonatal, and maternal complications. Among 5763 deliveries, 46 were macrosomic babies, all of them (100%) were Malay patients. The prevalence of macrosomic babies was less than 1%, which is 0.798%. Diabetes, hypertension, obesity, parity, and previous macrosomia are found to be the maternal risk factors of macrosomia. The highest percentage of maternal complications was 37% having perineal tears, followed by anemia in pregnancy (21.7%), postpartum hemorrhage (2.2%), and uterine fibroid (2.2%). Most of the babies had hypoglycemia (8.7%) and pneumonia (6.5%). Other neonatal complications are such as clavicle fracture (4.3%), incomplete Moro reflex (4.3%), patent ductus arteriosus (4.3%), and undescended testes (4.3%). The prevalence of macrosomic babies in this certain tertiary care center is less. However, extra care needs to be taken as there are maternal and neonatal complications that can be serious. The advice of doctors on the mode of delivery for macrosomic mother need to be taken to ensure safe delivery..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-17-12-2020-702
Total View : 405

Abstract : The relationship between cytokines and dyslipidemia, obesity and hypertension are of great importance in the pathophysiology and progression of metabolic syndrome (MetS). This study aims to investigate the association of five cytokines with the accumulation of metabolic disorders including; dyslipidemia, obesity and hypertension. A total of 50 healthy individuals and 100 patients with MetS have been enrolled. Based on MetS biomarkers, eligible patients were divided into two groups; group 1; obese + dyslipidemic patients and group 2; obese + dyslipidemic and hypertensive patients. The results showed a marked increase in the level of leptin, interferon-γ (IFN-γ), interleukin-17 (IL-17) as well as expression of interleukin-6, (IL-6), but a decrease in the expression of interleukin-10 (IL-10) level was recorded in both MetS groups relative to healthy controls. Additionally, the results revealed a higher frequency of the IL-17A/A homozygote polymorphism in MetS patients. Among group 1, the recorded values of MetS patients showed a positive correlation between leptin with obesity and IL-17 and a negative correlation between IL-10 and obesity. Regarding group 2, leptin recorded a positive correlation with dyslipidemia, while IL-17 exhibited a positive correlation with blood pressure, obesity, and dyslipidemia. On the other hand, IL-10 observed a negative correlation with blood pressure, obesity, and dyslipidemia. Therefore, leptin, IFN-γ, IL-17, IL-6, and IL-10 were associated with the MerS biomarkers and linked to the pathophysiology mechanisms of MetS component pathophysiology and development. Notably, understanding of these pathways would help the development of anti-inflammation therapeutic strategies..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-15-12-2020-701
Total View : 441

Abstract : Adolescence is a special age with great physical changes; it is also an important period for body image and self-concept development. The association between obesity and psychological health among adolescents has been researched extensively, but the epidemiologic results are inconsistent. The aim of this study is to evaluate how the body image perception is contributing to depressive symptoms amongst Bahraini adolescents. A cross sectional study conducted among 460 adolescent aged 10-19 years attending four primary health care centers representing the four governorates of Bahrain during February and March 2019. Self-filled questionnaire was given to adolescents after identifying them in the reception. Demographic, body image and mental health data were included. A total of 460 adolescents participated in the study, of which 217 (47.2%) were males and 243 (52.7%) were females. Although most of the adolescents (47.8%) described their weight as “right” weight, but significantly higher proportion of females (45.7%) think that they are overweight in comparison to males (30%). Females reported feeling sad or depressed (37.4%) significantly more than males (23%). Reporting depression was much higher among overweight females (54.1%) in comparison to overweight males (23.1%) The results of this study indicated that depressive symptoms among Bahraini adolescents are associated with perceived body image in both genders, but it is significantly more among females..
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