Vol - 28, Issue - 02
About the Journal
[This article belongs to Volume - 28, Issue - 02]
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-16-01-2021-727
Total View : 353

Abstract : Ascites is a reason for consultation in internal medicine. Its occurrence poses essentially etiological diagnostic problems. The aim of this study is to study the aetiologies of ascites liquids analyzed over five years at the Laboratory of Pathological Anatomy (LAP) of the FMSS in Libreville. This was a retrospective descriptive study from January 1, 2014 to December 31, 2018. It focused on the cases of ascites liquids received and analyzed at the LAP of the FMSS of Libreville. The socio- demographic characteristics of the patients were collected, as well as the macroscopic and cytopathological characteristics of ascites. 103 cases of ascites fluid were collected, of which 21 presented cells suspected of malignancy with a frequency of 20.4%. The mean age of the patients was 46.6 ± 17.8 years with a sex M / F ratio of 0.61. The ascites was 64.1% macroscopic in citrus yellow. Glandular carcinomas (38.1%), epithelial carcinomas (23.8%), ovarian carcinomas (19%), renal carcinomas (4.8%), lymphomas (9.5%) and peritoneal tuberculosis (4.8%) were the main aetiologies. Knowledge of the aetiologies of ascites fluids gives an indication of the origin of cancerous tumors and makes it possible to envisage better management of patients with appropriate therapy.

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