Vol - 28, Issue - 04
About the Journal
[This article belongs to Volume - 28, Issue - 04]
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-28-03-2021-813
Total View : 299

Abstract : Neck masses are swellings or enlargements of structures in the area between inferior border of mandible and clavicle. The inadequacy of physical examination in accurate evaluation of neck masses has been very well established. Aim of present study is to evaluate the neck masses clinically and find its correlation with imaging and cytopathology. This is a descriptive observational cross-sectional study of 60 cases of Neck swellings admitted in Surgery OPD at Medical College during the period of August 2018 to September 2020. Data collection included a detailed history, thorough clinical examination and investigations like ultrasonography, FNAC and histopathology which is entered in proforma, tabulated and analysed using software package (SPSS 22.0). Most of the patients are between 31-40years with female preponderance. Most of the patients presented with Thyroid swellings (63%). Simple colloid goitre is seen in 18.33% cases followed by nodular goitre (15.00%) on ultrasonography. Most common diagnosis on FNAC and histopathology is nodular goitre. The sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography in diagnosing malignant lesions is 58.33% and 100% respectively and of FNAC is 64.28% and 95.65% respectively. Thyroid swellings are most common neck swellings with a high predisposition to develop in females. Ultrasonography and FNAC carry a significant sensitivity and specificity in diagnosing malignant lesions which correlates with histopathology results. Early diagnosis and necessary surgery can prevent long term complications.

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