International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal. Azerbaijan Medical Journal Gongcheng Kexue Yu Jishu/Advanced Engineering Science Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-29-02-2020-305
Total View : 140

Abstract : The end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in Indonesia continues to increase. This causes an increase in the need for kidney transplants. Prior to 1994, open donor nephrectomy (ODN) was considered as a standard procedure for kidney donors. Open donor nephrectomy is a safe operation but this technique is associated with significant morbidity in terms of disability, cosmetics, leg injuries, incisional hernias, neuralgia, and lower back recovery. Higher procedure costs are also a major problem. Mini-incision donor nephrectomy (MODN) has now been developed as an option for donor nephrectomy. MODN has advantages including less postoperative pain, early recovery and fewer complications and later incisional hernias. The purpose of this study was to examine the number of arteries & estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) with the MODN surgery time. This is an observational, cross sectional study. Data collected from the medical records of patients who were transferred kidney transplants from January 2014 to December 2018 at the Kariadi General Hospital Semarang, Indonesia. There are 20 patients, 15 males and 5 females. Total donor relationships with related recipients were 15 patients, 5 were unrelated. The average ischemic time was 38.65 ± 1.81 minutes (range 36-42). Total patients do not need a blood transfusion after a kidney transplant. The average operating time is 58 ± 95 minutes (range 55-63). The average number of Arteries involved was 2.55 ± 0.69 (range 1-4), the average value of eGFR donors after surgery was 87.84 ± 1.36 (range 84.51 - 89.44). Data were analyzed by the Spearman test in SPSS version 23. This study showed that the operating time was significantly correlated with the number of arteries & eGFR (p <0.001). In conclusion, the operating time has a significant amount with the number of arteries & eGFR. The faster the time required for surgery, the higher the eGFR after surgery should have better results, and the fewer arteries involved during surgery will heal faster and will not cause complications.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-29-02-2020-303
Total View : 128

Abstract : Among facial injuries mandible is the most commonly fractured bone. Parasymphysis is the most commonly fractured portion of mandible. The objective of the present study was to evaluate and determine the efficacy of 2D and 3D miniplates in treatment of anterior mandibular fractures. This randomized control clinical trial was carried out in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Nishtar Institute of Dentistry, Multan. Before starting the study, permission was taken from the Ethical Committee of Nishtar Institute of Dentistry. All the patients meeting inclusion criteria were chosen from Outpatient Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Nishtar Institute of Dentistry, Multan based on history, clinical examination and radiographs. Patients had been divided into two groups by using random number table i.e. group A with odd numbers and group B with even numbers. In-group A, conventional 2D miniplates and group B, 3D miniplates had been used for ORIF of anterior mandibular fractures. Infection, wound dehiscence, mobility and paresthesia would be assessed by clinical examination on the third postoperative day, after 2 weeks, 4 weeks, 8 weeks and at the end i.e. 3 months. When the effect of method of fixation was noted on the complications, it was found that method of fixation was significantly associated with the complications having p-value 0.0001. There were 70% complications rate in 2D fixation technique and 13.33% complications rate in 3D fixation technique. While the complication of mobility of fracture segments was not found in both techniques. The present study showed that efficacy of 3D miniplates was better than 2D miniplates in the anterior mandibular fractures.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-28-02-2020-302
Total View : 142

Abstract : One of the most important challenges for the general and specialized fields of public health is the gap between theory and practice; in fact, teaching should be such that skills go along with experiences in which case experiences can be resistant in the future environment. However, unfortunately practical skills are not provided as well as they should be, and students do not experience their duties in a good and practical way. With this in mind, the present study aims to improve the process of internship training for the college students of public health preparing them for entering to the work environment. In this study, which is a research in education (scholarship), action research method was used to review the internship trend and its problems, including the definition of the problem, designing, planning, analyzing the data, and implementation and evaluation. More particularly, depth interview was used to define the problem. At the implementation stage, to solve the problem, the researcher employed medical education strategies and models such as SPIECES, reflection peer education, entrepreneurship, preceptorship and need assessment. The poll questionnaire was also used for evaluating the students and health providers in the study. The present study was conducted with 34 students entering the university in the 2 years of 2013 and 2014, including 30 females and 4 males with a mean age of 2 ± 22 in four semesters. In general, the majority of 34 students in both entrances was satisfied with the revised internship program. They believed that the new program was truly effective in developing their skills. The findings of the study not only show no significant difference in both entrances but also they indicate the students' overall satisfaction with training in both entrances (P=0.339) and the evaluation of the development of skills for entering the work market (P= 0.171) and their attitude toward this internship, which is better than their previous internship (P=0.214). In conclusion, applying the principles used in this study to regulate the internship of public health is suggested.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-28-02-2020-301
Total View : 167

Abstract : Approximately all universities in Jordan now administer online exams. The results of these tests feed into accountability systems. We examine the degree of satisfaction for online testing. Crucial to the study design is the fact that the university students vary in the level of education, age, Faculties and GPA. In most cases of our study, we find that students in favor of online exam. They find the online exam suitable for all stages, easier than paper-pencil tests, they prefer circulating online exams instead of paper-pencil tests, time required to perform online exams is less than that for paper-pencil tests, and hence, preferable for future testing. There was somewhat less consistency in reliability of online exams compared to paper-pencil tests, participants find that online exams don’t reflect true level of examiners, suitability for all subjects. Participants find online exams have many disadvantages and increase stress of examiners.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-28-02-2020-300
Total View : 129

Abstract : To evaluate the practice pattern of amblyopia treatment in Guilan province. In this study, we evaluated the opinion of the two medical groups, involved in the treatment of these patients, namely ophthalmologists and optometrists, in Guilan province, in order to determine their opinion about different aspects of amblyopia treatment. A questionnaire was designed to evaluate the opinion of 30 ophthalmologists and 20 optometrists about different aspects of amblyopia treatment, including age of initiation and termination of treatment, different treatment modalities, and maintenance treatment used for children aged above 10 years. The questionnaire’s validity was confirmed by content validity rate (CVR) of 0.33–1 and content validity index (CVI) >0.99 and its reliability by test–retest Kappa >0.9. The results were analyzed using SPSS v.21. The participants’ answers revealed that the first treatment choice in refractive amblyopia was using spectacles and patching; age <1 year was considered the most appropriate age for starting treatment, continued until 7–10 years of age. Fifty–three percent treated patients >10 years old and 51% suggested near/far training during amblyopia treatment. For maintenance treatment, everyday packing the eye for 1 hour with near/distance vision tasks and 0.5% atropine eye drop were suggested by about half of the participants (48%). The eye drop used for cycloplegic refraction was 1% cyclogel. Mild cases were treated with spectacles, the indications of which depend on the isometry and patients’ age. The opinions of the ophthalmologists and optometrists about amblyopia treatment were different and it is required to increase the knowledge of these two medical groups about the most appropriate treatment options, suggested by the recent guidelines.
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