International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal. Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption Fa yi xue za zhi

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-19-02-2024-1687
Total View : 460

Abstract : This in vivo study aimed to investigate the effect of matrix metalloproteinase MMPs inhibitors (2%chlorhexidine digluconate (CHX), and ethylene diaminetetra acetic acid (EDTA) on microtensile bond strength to dentin using etch and rise adhesive. Nine adult mongrel dogs of age range (12 -18 months) were included in the study. A total of 90 standardized class I cavity were prepared in upper and lower (canine - first and second molar). The teeth were divided into three main groups (n = 30) according to the type of MMP inhibitors were used: the control group (no MMPs inhibitors were applied), the CHX group, and the EDTA group. Each group were divided into three subgroups (n=15) according to the testing periods 6 and 12 months. At the end of each testing period, animals were sacrificed, teeth were separated from the jaws, mounted on cutting machine, and sectioned into a series of 1mm thick slabs. Micro-tensile bond strength was measured for each sample by using universal testing machine. Data were tabulated and statistically analyzed. Results of micro-tensile bond strength showed that after 6 months, there was a significant difference between MMPs inhibitors, while after 12 months the difference was not statistically significant. The control and CHX groups showed a significant higher values than EDTA. This study concluded that MMP inhibitors did not interfere with micro-tensile bond strength of composite to dentin, with slightly significantly increased in CHX. Micro-tensile bond strength decreased by aging time and the best results were in 6 months of aging periods..
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International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-18-02-2024-1686
Total View : 381

Abstract : Tumours of myoepithelial differentiation have only in the last two decades been recognised to occasionally arise from soft tissue. Malignant mixed myoepithelial tumour of soft tissue is an exceptionally rare diagnosis, with less than 10 reported cases to date. Diagnosis is often challenging due to histological polymorphism, variability of immunophenotype and the absence of a cellular counterpart. A 22-year-old man presented with a seven-month history of an enlarging subcutaneous mass on the occipital scalp, measuring 10x14cm. Following excision under general anaesthetic, histopathological and immunohistochemical analysis demonstrated features most in keeping with a malignant mixed tumour of soft tissue. A further 2cm wide local excision was performed, followed by post-operative radiotherapy; to date there has been no recurrence. Soft tissue myoepithelial tumours can be up to 20cm in size, with larger size often associated with malignancy. The size of the tumour in this case enabled primary closure for both excision and wide local excision..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-16-02-2024-1685
Total View : 442

Abstract : Thalassemia major is a serious chronic hemolytic anemia that leads to excessive iron accumulation in vital organs like the liver & the heart. This high level of iron can lead to serious cardiac complications and is the cause of high morbidity & mortality in these patients. Early evaluation of cardiac function is very important to detect those with asymptomatic functional cardiac abnormalities. To assess the effect of thalassemia on the left ventricular systolic function using conventional echocardiography. This is a cross sectional case control study conducted at the Thalassemia Center in Al-Zahraa teaching hospital/Najaf from the period of January 2022 to January 2023. Eighty five patients with β-thalassemia major who were asymptomatic for cardiac diseases & 43 healthy controls of similar demographic factors included in the study & all were examined with echocardiography to assess the left ventricular function and both groups were subdivided into 2 age groups. Twenty two cases were diagnosed with left ventricular systolic dysfunction using the Simpson method (ejection fraction ˂ 55) & 13 cases by the M-mode (fractional shortening ˂ 27). Significant negative correlation was found between the ejection fraction & serum ferritin. Increase left ventricular internal dimension in diastole is the first parameter that indicates early systolic dysfunction followed by left ventricular internal dimension in systole & reduction in left ventricular posterior wall thickness in systole, ejection fraction & fractional shortening in the following years..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-16-01-2024-1682
Total View : 369

Abstract : Dyspepsia consists of heterogeneous group of symptoms that are localized in the epigastric region and can be broadly defined as pain or discomfort that is centred in the upper abdomen (particularly the epigastrium). The multienzyme preparation “Unienzyme” is a fixed dose combination (FDC) which contains Fungal Diastase (alpha amylase) and Papain as the major constituents apart from simethicone, activated charcoal and nicotinamide. The combination acts as supplemental enzymes to those secreted by the body. Since majority of patients require long term symptomatic treatment for functional dyspepsia, we undertook a survey to evaluate the efficacy, tolerability as well as other parameters such as duration of treatment, time to get relief from symptoms etc. The survey was conducted between July 2023 to October 2023 in Africa specifically in Tanzania and Zambia. The questionnaire was developed for doctors who were prescribing Unienzyme with MPS to their patients for gastrointestinal disorders and who consented to participate in the survey. A total of 105 doctors participated in this survey. Findings about efficacy and tolerability also coincides with the study conducted by Banka et al (8), while the 95.6% patients in their study and 86.66% doctors in our study rated the efficacy from good to excellent. 94.5% patients in previous study and 84% doctors in this study rated the tolerability of Unienzyme as very good to excellent. The difference could be attributed to clinician’s judgement in our study as compared to patients’s judgement in previous study. The present survey confirmed that Unienzyme is highly efficacious with good tolerability in relieving the symptoms of troublesome functional dyspepsia in African population especially Tanzania, Zambia and neigbouring countries..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-12-01-2024-1681
Total View : 465

Abstract : Sleep can be defined as a reversible behavioral state of perceptual disengagement from and unresponsiveness to the environment. It is a complex mix of physiological and behavioral process which is generally seen with postural recumbence and closed eyes but not always. Sleep quality can be defined as “an individual’s self-satisfaction with all aspects of the sleep experience.” It has the following attributes which are sleep efficiency, sleep disturbances, sleep latency, sleep duration, wake after sleep onset. Sleep quality have been linked to various non-communicable diseases like diabetes, hypertension and heart diseases. The level of quality of sleep differs from region to region around the world. There are various factors which can affect the level of quality of sleep like sociodemographic factors which include age, location, gender, occupational type and income. Lifestyle habits including screen time, caffeine, nicotine, alcohol, exercise and stress can also affect sleep quality. Environmental factors such as noise pollution, temperature, exposure to light can also affect sleep. Poor sleep quality can also cause high economic burden for countries, increased healthcare costs and reduced workplace efficiency. Health of public and development of the country needs to improve the sleep quality of the population. This paper will look into the latest research on sleep, sleep quality, factors affecting it and sleep hygiene..
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