International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal. Azerbaijan Medical Journal Gongcheng Kexue Yu Jishu/Advanced Engineering Science Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery Interventional Pulmonology

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-17-08-2022-1519
Total View : 419

Abstract : The aim of the study is to retrospectively determine the correlation between the Age and CT severity score of Covid-19 patients. This is a retrospective original research of 357 patients (IPD and OPD) between 1st February 2021 to 31st March 2021 for Covid-19. Patients’ CT severity scores and Demographic variables were recorded. The correlation between CT severity Score and age was determined.357 RTPCR positive Covid-19 patients were included in the study. The Mean age was 44.8 (14.27) and the Mean CT severity score was 7.78(5.92). The Most affected age group was 41 – 50 years of age. (26.61 %). The Highest mean CT severity score was seen in >60 years and the least was seen in < 30 years. A Positive correlation was noted between age and CT severity score (r -0.33, p value <0.05). We conclude that there was a relatively more significant risk and severity associated with the advancing age of the patient..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-17-08-2022-1518
Total View : 439

Abstract : Anticonvulsants like pregabalin has been used in pre-emptive analgesia for postoperative pain relief in various surgical procedures, particularly when pain includes a neuropathic component. We have studied the effect of a single preoperative dose of Pregabalin on acute postoperative pain after inguinal hernia open mesh repair. The study included 66 patients, who were divided into two groups. Group A was the control group who had opted not to consume pregabalin, while Group B participants were given 150 mg of oral Pregabalin 1 hour before the procedure. Acute postoperative scores were calculated based on a 0-10 point Visual Analogue Scale/VAS (0-no pain, 10- worst pain) at time intervals of 0, 6, 12, 18 and 24 hours. Mann Whitney U test was done for comparing pain scores between the two groups. Friedman’s test was used to compare pain scores at different periods within the groups. Significant differences in pain scores were noted between the groups. Group A had the highest scores at 6 & 18 hrs and lowest at 0 hr. Pain scores in Group B were highest at 18 hrs and lowest at 0 hr. There was a statistically significant difference in pain scores between groups A and B at 0 hr, 6 hrs, and 18 hrs. But, there was no significant difference at 24 hrs and between the total pain scores. Single preoperative dose of 150 mg of Pregabalin taken orally reduces acute pain scores in the immediate postoperative period following inguinal hernia repair..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-16-08-2022-1516
Total View : 443

Abstract : Stroke is the second leading cause of both disability and death worldwide, with the highest burden of the disease shared by low and middle-income countries. Over the last decade, there has been a significant rise in patients hospitalized for stroke with HIV infection. This has important public health and socioeconomic consequences. HIV is independent risk factor for ischemic strokes. This study was conducted to find out correlation between HIV patients & ischemic strokes patients of western Maharashtra. To study different etiology of stroke in HIV patients admitted in a tertiary care teaching hospital. This observational study was conducted in department of medicine from March 2021 to June 2022 to study different etiology & correlation of HIV patients in ischemic stroke. Ten stroke patients with HIV admitted in the medical ICU were studied. 9 with ischemic infarctions (90%) and 1 with intraparenchymal hemorrhage (10%). Mean age was 42 years (range 23 to 72), 7 patients (70%) were male. Nine patients had a previous diagnosis of HIV infection (90%) and 1 patients were diagnosed during the acute stroke evaluation (10%). Mean CD4 count at the time of stroke diagnosis was 116 cells/mm3 (range 2 to 659); 8 patients (80%) had CD4 count ≤200 cells/mm3 and 5 (50%) had CD4 count ≤100 cells/mm3.Antiretroviral therapy had been used by 6 patients (60%), including 3 patients (30%) who were on CART at the time of the stroke. Tobacco use was the most prevalent traditional vascular risk factor (50%), followed by hypertension (40%). Anticardiolipin antibodies were investigated in 3 patients (30%) and found in 10% of these cases. 4 patients (40%) with non-atherothrombotic strokes had been exposed to antiretroviral agents when the stroke occurred. There were no also differences in CD4 counts at the time of the stroke between the atherothrombotic and non-atherothrombotic groups. Patients with unfavorable outcome (death or severe disability) had a lower CD4 count. All patients had poor prognosis with CD4 count ≤100 cells/mm3 (mean 22.6 ± 20.3). Stroke in HIV patients had independent risk factor as being immunocompromised. CNS vasculitis being the most common mechanism for causal of the stroke. Hypertension, dyslipidemia, metabolic syndrome, smoking were other significant risk factors. 20% patients with stroke had only HIV as a risk factor..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-16-08-2022-1515
Total View : 443

Abstract : Present study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of cardiovascular disease CVD risk factors and to predict cardiovascular risk in next 10 years among adults residing in urban communities of Guntur. 250 individuals aged 40 years and above were interviewed personally about socio demographic profile, family history, diet; personal habits, physical activity, and stress were collected. Blood pressure, anthropometric measurements, total cholesterol and random capillary blood glucose levels were measured. Among participants majority were females, Hindus, married, Non -literate, homemaker, living in family of up to 4 members. Nearly 63.2 % of them belonged to upper lower socio-economic status according to Kuppuswamy Scale of Socio Economic Status. The prevalence of Tobacco and Alcohol consumption was 24.4 % and 15.6 %, Hypertension and Diabetes was 49.2 % and 28.8 %, Pre-hypertension and Pre-diabetes (IGT) was 15.6 % and 13.6 %, Hypercholesterolemia (Total cholesterol) was 24.4 %, 16 %. 43.2 % of males and 3.6 % of females had abdominal obesity with substantial risk of co-morbidities. In the present study, most of the study participants (45.6 %) had moderate stress and about 6.8 % had extremely severe stress according Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale-21 (DASS-21). Physical inactivity was higher among males than females. In the present study, it was found that 25.6% of the study participants had very high (≥ 40 %) risk of developing fatal or non-fatal CVD event in 10 years. 18 % of the study participants had 10-19 %risk, 23.2% had 20-29 % risk and 8 % had 30-39 % risk..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-13-08-2022-1513
Total View : 367

Abstract : To assess the clinical profile and the efficacy of various severity indices in predicting the outcome of patients with acute pancreatitis. This was a prospective study done in a tertiary medical college and hospital during the study period. Along with routine lab parameters, serum amylase, lipase, lipid profile, calcium, CRP, LDH, CT abdomen were done for all patients with acute pancreatitis. A total of 150 patients were analysed. 54 (26%) patients required Intensive care, among them 9 patients (22.2 %) died. 24 patients (16%) had MODS, 18 patients (12%) had pleural effusion, 12 patients (8%) had pseudocyst, 5 patients (3.3%) had hypotension, 5 patients (3.3%) had ARDS and 5 patients (3.3%) had DKA. It is seen that morbidity & mortality was more with high CT severity index, CRP & LDH. 21 patients (14%) underwent open necrosectomy surgery, 7 patients (4.6%) underwent laparoscopic necrosectomy and 12 patients (8%) were tried step up approach but could not avoid surgery. No significant reduction in mortality was seen with surgical intervention. In acute pancreatitis, initial assessment of serum lipase level, CRP & LDH could be reliable indicators of outcome of patients..
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