International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal. Azerbaijan Medical Journal Gongcheng Kexue Yu Jishu/Advanced Engineering Science Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-19-12-2021-1102
Total View : 360

Abstract : Pain threshold is the lowest intensity at which a specific stimulus is perceived as painful; it’s relatively constant across subjects for a given stimulus. For example, most subjects will define a thermal stimulus as painful when it reaches about 50° C. Similarly, mechanical pressure produces pain (Pressure Pain Threshold/PPT) at approximately the same pressure across subjects. Pain threshold because it relates to sensitivity to pressure is measured with a pressure algometer. The most objective of this study was to research the correlation between Faces Pain Scale-Revised (FPS-R) and the pressure algometer as assessment of pain threshold in normal healthy children. 170 normal healthy children of both sexes with age ranged from 4-10 years old were allocated into three groups: (4 < 6 years old) group (1), (6 < 8 years old) group (2) and (8-10 years old) group (3) who been selected from several nurseries and schools. The pain threshold was assessed by both the Digital Pressure Algometer (Egyptian Digital Algometer, Patent No.258 for 2017) and FPS-R on dominant upper limb and lower limb. The results showed that the correlation between FPS-R and PPT of the study group was a weak negative significant correlation in both upper limb and lower limb. The correlation between FPS-R and PPT of children in group (1) was a weak positive non-significant correlation in both upper and lower limbs. The correlation between FPS-R and PPT of children in group (2) was a weak positive non-significant correlation in both upper and lower limbs. The correlation between FPS-R and PPT of children in group (3) was a weak positive non-significant correlation in both upper and lower limbs. We concluded that there is no correlation between the pressure algometer and FPS-R in assessing the pain threshold..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-18-12-2021-1101
Total View : 500

Abstract : Hyperpigmentation of the skin represents one of the major dermatological concerns for populations with pigmented skin phototypes, with a high prevalence in the Indian population. Our study was conducted to correlate histopathological and clinical findings of various hyperpigmented skin lesions in a tertiary care centre. A prospective study over a period of 2 years was conducted and included 78 cases. Biopsies of various hyperpigmented skin lesions coming to the pathology department were analysed. Both acute and chronic hyperpigmented skin lesions of all age groups and of both sexes were included. Those cases without any history of hyperpigmentation, inadequate biopsy material and those without a proper clinical history were excluded. Skin biopsy samples were processed, slides were stained by routine H&E stain and histopathological analysis was carried out. Special stains were applied wherever required (Ziehl-Nelson, periodic acid Schiff, Congo red etc). Hyperpigmented lesions were predominant in age group of 21-40 years, males, least occurrence was seen above age of 60yrs. The most common site being upper limbs and most common type of lesions were plaques. Most common clinical and histopathological diagnosis was lichen planus. Clinicopathological corelation was found to be 80.7%. Hyperpigmented lesions are a common occurrence but with a widely different aetiology. Commonest diagnosis was lichen planus both clinically and histopathologically. Histopathological study remains the gold standard for the diagnosis of hyperpigmented lesions and should be sought for to obtain an early diagnosis..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-16-12-2021-1098
Total View : 447

Abstract :

Trauma is a prominent cause of death in children. In this demographic, Abdominal trauma is the third greatest cause of mortality. The goal of this study was to see how accurate a new scoring system for Pediatric Abdominal Blunt Trauma (PABTS)was in evaluating the accuracy of anew scoring system for blunt abdominal trauma in babies and children. A prospective study carried out on infants and children up to the age of 16 who were referred to the emergency department with acute abdominal injuries between February 2018 and February 2021. A quick primary assessment, resuscitation of vital functions, and a more extensive secondary survey were performed on all patients. After that, we started detecting elements from the new score (PABTS), followed by the start of definitive care. 200 patients with mean age 5.954 ±.616 divided to 3 Groups according to severity of injury. Group A (106 patients) with a Score from 0 up to 10 ….. conservative management. Group B (79 patients) with a Score from 11 up to 25 ….. conservative management with CT with contrast and follow up & rescoring. Group C (15 patients) with a Score from 26 up to 35 …… operative management. Accuracy of our new score PABT Score was 96.9% with cut off ˃16. PABT Score is an applicable, easy method for prediction of truma severity in pediatric emergency and deal more vitally than other Scores like BATIC Score This would also help in evaluation for early invasive monitoring and treatment decisions in the intensive care unit.

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Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-15-12-2021-1095
Total View : 487

Abstract : Lateral medullary syndrome defined as ischemia of the lateral part of the medulla oblongata occurs due to thrombosis of posterior inferior cerebellar or the vertebral artery and patient usually presents with crossed hemisensory loss, cerebellar signs and ipsilateral Horner syndrome. In our case, on examination no limb weakness was noticed. Right side Horner syndrome characterized by right eye enophthalmos, partial ptosis (grade 1) with miosis, pupil reacting to light and no anhidrosis or hemisensory loss over face. Paralysis of Right glossopharyngeal and vagus nerve was present. Right side nystagmus and cerebellar ataxia was present, and deep tendon reflexes were depressed on right side. MRI Brain with angiography showed infarct at right sided posterolateral portion of medulla and cerebellar hemisphere due to right vertebral artery thrombosis with patchy flow. Treated with Antiplatelet, statin, Ryles tube feeding and stockings applied to prevent deep veins thrombosis..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-14-12-2021-1094
Total View : 444

Abstract : Cervical cancer is one of the major life threatening malignancies in women which can be prevented in the majority of the cases. It is the commonest malignancy causing mortality among women in developing countries. In India every year about 2.2 lakh women are diagnosed with cervical cancer and about half of them succumb to it. To study the incidence of different types epithelial lesions on pap smear in postmenopausal women. A two year retrospective study was carried out in Department of Pathology, in a tertiary care hospital of south India. All postmenopausal women with clinical symptoms were included in the study. known case of malignancy were excluded from the study. Out of 455 cases found to be satisfactory cellularity 57% cases showed epithelial abnormalities with predominance of non specific inflammation with 21% followed by 15% of LSIL and 10.5% of HSIL which will most often leads to carcinoma. Five cases were diagnosed with squamous cell carcinoma and two cases with adenocarcinoma. PAP smear is the most feasible, cost effective, non invasive diagnostic modality which helps in early detection of malignancy..
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