International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases Journal of Internal Medicine of Taiwan
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-10-12-2019-62
Total View : 984

Abstract : CLABSI rates in PHO and HSCT units have been decreasing, yet the peril of causing infection to patients exists. Product information review of a new disinfectant port protector cap promises a potential of further reducing CLABSI risk when utilized. Method and Materials The study conducted covered 23 beds at PHO and HSCT units in a tertiary referral hospital in Dammam, Saudi Arabia, which started in January 2017 until June 2019. The participants were pediatric patients younger than 16 years old. The new disinfectant port protector cap was introduced to disinfect CVC IV needleless connectors including IV administration ports beginning of April 2018. To ascertain the impact of this product, it was integrated into the existing CLABSI prevention bundle. Nurse's compliance in its use was likewise monitored. Results CLABSI rates before product utilization (15 months) were compared with rates after the product was used which ran also for (15 months). CLABSI rates per 1000 central line days showed the following data: January 2017 to March 2018 (before implementation): mean-SD was 2.81(21 cases)-SD 2.15). April 2018 to June 2019 (after implementation): mean-SD was 0.55(4 cases)-0.95 SD). Mean difference was 2.26, and a 95% confidence interval of (1.21 to 3.30) with t (14) = 4.66, p = 0.000. There was an 80% reduction in CLABSI rates. Nurse's compliance using the cap showed a low of 85% to a high of 100% with an average of 96%. Conclusion The study significantly showed that the use of a disinfectant port protector cap effectively contributed to a lower incidence of CLABSI rates. It likewise improved nurse’s compliance to cap use. Recommendations It cannot be overemphasized the importance of making a disinfectant port protector cap an essential element of the central line maintenance bundle to attain an acceptably low CLABSI rate. Keywords: Catheter-Related Infections; Central Line-Associated Bloodstream Infections; Central Venous Catheters; Curos® Cap; Disinfection Port Protector Cap..
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International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-10-12-2019-61
Total View : 481

Abstract :

Radiation therapy reported to be an effective in palliating pain. To describe roles of palliative radiotherapy in controlling pain in metastatic cancerous patients, and evaluation of radio-therapy doses in pain management. A prospective observational study carried out at the Baghdad Radiotherapy and Nuclear Medicine Center, Baghdad Medical City Complex, Baghdad, Iraq, from 1st of December 2018 to 30th of May 2019. 88 Patients, were included. Patients were assessed before applying radiotherapy, and at the end of treatment. Pain scoring used from 0 (no pain) to 10 (the worst pain). Kaplan Meier survival curve used. The mean±SD of age was 55.44±11.1 years, and the most frequent age group was 41-50years as 37(42.1%). Breast cancer come in 1st rank cases studied in our research as 35(39.8%). 42(47.7%) of patients received radio-therapy on metastatic spine vertebral lesions. Sharp pain, frequent pain, pain at night were the commonest. Before treatment, the most common scoring was (8) in 33(37.5%) patients, while after palliative radio-therapy the scoring shift downward. Radio-therapy dose of 1200 cGy improved overall survival of patients in this study to 21.5 weeks (95%CI= 20.2-22.8). Radiotherapy is effective in palliative therapy. A dose of 1200 cGy improved overall survival of patients in this study to 21.5 weeks

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Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-10-12-2019-60
Total View : 970

Abstract : Internet Addiction (IA) among medical students and its involvement with psychological distress can affect their academic progress and long-term career targets. IA would also subtly impact community of health care professionals and the people. To verify the rate and levels of internet addiction (IA) among students according to Internet addiction test (IAT). As well as to find out the influence of gender and school year on the likelihood of development IA. A cross-sectional study was performed among students of college of medicine -Al- Mustansiriyah University, Iraq. The data was collected via self-report questionnaire and IA Test (IAT) was exploited to assess IA. The total number of students enrolled in the study was 418 students. The rate of IA among study group was (81.8%), 55% of them met the criterion for mild addictive internet use. Males and females have approximately same rate of IA (81.5% and 82%) respectively. The highest rate of IA and sever level of addiction (92.3%, 5.9 %) were detected among third grade students. Social media browsing was the main purpose for internet use (42.8%). Most of the students (90%) used mobile phones for Internet access.98.32% of the students enrolled in the study had face book account and 72% of students spend more than 3 hours on internet daily. Internet addiction has become a common problem among medical students. Students need to be counseled about the threats of internet addiction.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-09-12-2019-59
Total View : 571

Abstract : Perinatal asphyxia is a transient interruption of oxygen availability that implies a risky metabolic challenge, even when the insult does not lead to a fatal outcome. In order to assess liver enzymes in neonates with perinatal asphyxia, and to correlate between the rise in enzymes to the severity of asphyxia. A case control study was carried out to measure serum liver enzymes in (43) full term neonates with perinatal asphyxia, aged 1-10 days who were admitted to the neonatal care unit. Fifty- seven neonates were selected as a control group. Patients were assessed at birth for their crying, breathing, Apgar score, gestational age, and underwent full physical and neurological examination. Assessment of the staging of asphyxia was done according to the Sarnat staging system. Serum liver enzymes; alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were measured for patients and controls. Enzymes levels beyond +2SD above the mean of control group were regarded as high. Mean level of ALT, AST and ALP for asphyxiated neonates were (67.23±4.61, 89.02±7.99, 294.26±22.80) respectively and those for control group (21.60±3.71, 40.91±2.44, 201.49±11.63) respectively, the differences were statistically significant (p-value = 0.000). The rise in liver enzymes was related to the severity and staging of perinatal asphyxia in form of Apgar score and Sarnat staging, with statistically significant result, p-value < 0.05. liver enzymes were shown to be elevated in perinatal asphyxia and their assessment is important as a predictor for asphyxia.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-09-12-2019-58
Total View : 1265

Abstract : Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is the most common hematological malignancy. In the past few decades, the incidence of Non-Hodgkin lymphomas was raised in the world. The aim of this retrospective clinical study was to evaluate the special clinical parameters of patients with NHL in head and neck and to assess the incidence in different age groups. The retrospective study presents 121 files of patients immunohistologically diagnosed with NHL of head and neck. The patient files were obtained from the archives and the clinical parameters such as age, sex and site of the lesions were evaluated. A total number of 121 patients, 74(61.2%) men and 47(38.8%) women with a non-Hodgkin lymphoma in the head and neck area were evaluated and analyzed from 2010 to 2018. The higher incidence of NHL of head and neck was presented in age group of less than 40 years 45(37.2%) cases. In regarding to lesions site, the neck was the more incidence than other parts 27(22.3%) cases. The more incidence of high grading lesion was in age group less than 40 years 19(15.7%) cases. In this study, the NHL of head and neck comprised 32.9% of all hematological malignancies and the vast majority cases were in the age group ˃ 40 years and rarely occurred in the oral cavity and the mixed large and small B cell lymphoma subtype was the most common form. The survical lymph nodes were the most common site followed by tonsils.
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