International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America Teikyo Medical Journal Journal of the Mine Ventilation Society of South Africa
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-26-12-2019-98
Total View : 412

Abstract : Low birth weight is a leading perinatal problem world-wide, and may account for a sizable percentage of perinatal morbidity and mortality. Periodontal diseases are considered one of the most widespread diseases amongst humans. This study sought to determine the association between periodontal disease in pregnancy and the delivery of low birth weight newborns in women of District Multan. This casecontrol study involved 348 new mothers. All subjects were recruited post-delivery from three public hospitals in the District Multan. The cases (n=119) were mothers who delivered through normal delivery and whose babies at the time of delivery weighed <2.5 kg. Age-matched controls (n=229) were mothers who delivered ~2.5 kg babies. Potential risk factors for periodontal disease and low birth weight were collected by means of a structured questionnaire and maternity record review. Periodontal disease was diagnosed in 37.9%> (n=45) of the case group and 9.2% (n=21) of the control group. Low birth weight was also significantly more common among those who were unemployed, and those who reported fewer than three antenatal visits during pregnancy. After controlling for potential confounders, mothers presenting with a probing depth of~ 4 mm on four teeth (OR = 4.12; 95% Cl = 1. 78 - 9.50) or more than four teeth (OR = 4.95; 95%> Cl: 1.52 - 15.81) were found to be significantly more likely to have low birth weight babies. The study findings suggest that there is a significant dose-dependent positive association between periodontal disease and low birth weight, independent of other risk factors measured in this study.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-26-12-2019-97
Total View : 698

Abstract : Thallium is a highly toxic substance especially its salt compounds and thallium poisoning is a frequent medical condition in many world countries. Thallium causes wide spread systemic damage especially to the liver. In this study we aimed to evaluate the hepatoprotective effects of capparis spinosa fruit extract on liver damage caused by induced thallium poisoned rats. 36 white albino male and female rats were classified randomly into 3 groups 12 rats each. Group 1 normal (negative control), group 2 thallium (positive control) in which rats were given 10mg/ kg thallium only, and group 3 (capparis group) in which the rats were given 200mg/kg capparis spinosa fruit extract for 5 successive days before administration of thallium dose 10 mg/kg. Results has shown significant reduction of serum liver transaminases (AST and ALT) which were highly elevated due to thallium poisoning. Histopathological sections revealed reduced hepatocellular damage in comparison to thallium group.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-26-12-2019-96
Total View : 399

Abstract : Adolescent women face a high risk of unintended pregnancies and consequent unsafe abortions, with devastating consequences to their health. Establishing adolescents’ knowledge about unsafe abortion is imperative to developing an adolescent-focused strategy for addressing the menace. Methods: This study was conducted to determine the knowledge and perceived factors contributing to unsafe abortion among female adolescents in Enugu South Local Government Area. A cross-sectional descriptive survey was used among a sample of 362 respondents picked randomly from four secondary schools. A structured questionnaire was used for data collection and data analysis was done using SPSS version 24. Result: Findings revealed that most of the respondents (98.9%) were Christians. The majority (94.1%) have heard about unsafe abortion, with their parents (40.1%) being the most frequent sources of information, fellow students or friends (24%). Stigmatization (94.3%) was the most reported socioeconomic factors that affect unsafe abortion, fear of expulsion from school (91.9%), fear of rejection by parent/family (91.6%), and fear of rejection by the would-be husband (72.8%). Poor availability of health-care services (82%), high cost of safe abortion services (71.9%), stigmatization against adolescents (67.7%), lack of health insurance coverage for safe abortion services (67.7%), and negative attitude of health workers (76.3%) were the strongest identified healthcare-related factors promoting unsafe abortion among adolescents. Conclusion: It was recommended that continuous and intensive health education and re-orientation of the adolescents on the problems of unsafe abortion and scaling up sex education in schools to enlighten the students on the dangers of immoral sex, unwanted pregnancy, and unsafe abortion.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-25-12-2019-95
Total View : 456

Abstract : The global burden of disease study estimated that lower back pain (LBP) is among the top ten diseases and injuries that account for the highest number of worldwide. Occurrence rises and heights concerning the ages of 35 and 55. Although the causes of onset of LBP are remaining obscured, there are many risk factors identified such as age, gender, and obesity. This study was hence conducted to evaluate the prevalence of LBP and associated risk factors among middle age female at Najran province. Demographic data was taken from all the participants. Middle age female self-reported risk factors and history of LBP. Roland-Morris LBP and disability Questionnaire (RMQ) used to determine the grade of LBP. The most common age affected by moderate LBP was at age between fifty to fifty-five years old. More than two third of middle age female was suffered from any type of back pain at Najran province. Meanwhile less than half of them reported were had abortion episode from three to four times allied with moderate LBP. More than one third of middle age female with moderate LBP stated do not do any exercise. The prevalence of LBP was moderate among half of middle age females who were normal weight and overweight at Najran province. Govern the risk factors of LBP aiding for early identification and outwit the progression.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-25-12-2019-94
Total View : 660

Abstract : Pterygium is a conjunctival tissue hyperplastic degenerative process in form of triangular fibrovascular tissue, growing on conjunctival towards and infiltrating corneal surface. Inflammation process on ocular surface was believed to be involved in the recurrence of pterygium tissue post excision surgery. Recent years, the effect of local injection of triamcinolone and bevacizumab in recurrence of pterygium have been studied but remain with unsatisfied results. This study aimed to analyze changes of expression of messenger RNA (mRNA) interleukin-1 (IL-1) after injection of 20 mg of triamcinolone and 2.5 mg of bevacizumab subconjunctiva in pterygium patient. Methods: Fifteen eyes with stage II primary pterygia were included in this study. Patients were randomized into three groups; the triamcinolone group, bevacizumab group and placebo group. Subconjunctival of 20 mg of Triamcinolone or 2.5 mg of bevacizumab or placebo (depend on group) were injected one week before surgery. All subject was done pterygium surgery with autograft technique. Main outcome measures included changes of mRNA IL-1 expression between Triamcinolone group, Bevacizumab group and placebo group. One month follow up was completed in fifteen eyes. Blood level changes of mRNA IL-1 expression in bevacizumab group was 4.09 ± 0.52, triamcinolone group was 3.40 ± 2.62, and placebo group was 1.08 ± 1.48, respectively (p = 0.04). Comparison between group, there are significant effect between bevacizumab group and placebo group (p= 0.00), and no significant effect in triamcinolone group (p = 0.06). Conclusion: Subconjunctival injection of Bevacizumab and Triamcinolone before surgery effective in suppressing inflammation in pterygium.
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