International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-09-12-2019-59
Total View : 570

Abstract : Perinatal asphyxia is a transient interruption of oxygen availability that implies a risky metabolic challenge, even when the insult does not lead to a fatal outcome. In order to assess liver enzymes in neonates with perinatal asphyxia, and to correlate between the rise in enzymes to the severity of asphyxia. A case control study was carried out to measure serum liver enzymes in (43) full term neonates with perinatal asphyxia, aged 1-10 days who were admitted to the neonatal care unit. Fifty- seven neonates were selected as a control group. Patients were assessed at birth for their crying, breathing, Apgar score, gestational age, and underwent full physical and neurological examination. Assessment of the staging of asphyxia was done according to the Sarnat staging system. Serum liver enzymes; alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were measured for patients and controls. Enzymes levels beyond +2SD above the mean of control group were regarded as high. Mean level of ALT, AST and ALP for asphyxiated neonates were (67.23±4.61, 89.02±7.99, 294.26±22.80) respectively and those for control group (21.60±3.71, 40.91±2.44, 201.49±11.63) respectively, the differences were statistically significant (p-value = 0.000). The rise in liver enzymes was related to the severity and staging of perinatal asphyxia in form of Apgar score and Sarnat staging, with statistically significant result, p-value < 0.05. liver enzymes were shown to be elevated in perinatal asphyxia and their assessment is important as a predictor for asphyxia.
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International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-09-12-2019-58
Total View : 1265

Abstract : Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is the most common hematological malignancy. In the past few decades, the incidence of Non-Hodgkin lymphomas was raised in the world. The aim of this retrospective clinical study was to evaluate the special clinical parameters of patients with NHL in head and neck and to assess the incidence in different age groups. The retrospective study presents 121 files of patients immunohistologically diagnosed with NHL of head and neck. The patient files were obtained from the archives and the clinical parameters such as age, sex and site of the lesions were evaluated. A total number of 121 patients, 74(61.2%) men and 47(38.8%) women with a non-Hodgkin lymphoma in the head and neck area were evaluated and analyzed from 2010 to 2018. The higher incidence of NHL of head and neck was presented in age group of less than 40 years 45(37.2%) cases. In regarding to lesions site, the neck was the more incidence than other parts 27(22.3%) cases. The more incidence of high grading lesion was in age group less than 40 years 19(15.7%) cases. In this study, the NHL of head and neck comprised 32.9% of all hematological malignancies and the vast majority cases were in the age group ˃ 40 years and rarely occurred in the oral cavity and the mixed large and small B cell lymphoma subtype was the most common form. The survical lymph nodes were the most common site followed by tonsils.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-04-12-2019-56
Total View : 1425

Abstract : The relationship between nurses' job satisfaction and stress is well documented. However, there is a lack of studies about the relationship between job satisfaction, anxiety, and depression among nurses. The general purpose of this study was to identify the effect of job satisfaction on anxiety and depressive symptoms among critical care nurses. This was a cross-sectional study with a convenience sample of 220 critical care nurses from one hospital from three sectors, governmental, private, and teaching in Amman, Jordan. Job satisfaction, anxiety, and depressive symptoms were measured by self-reported questionnaires. The whole sample was ambivalently satisfied, and having mild anxiety symptoms, and moderate-severe depressive symptoms. Nurses who were working in the intensive care units were the least in their level of anxiety and depressive symptoms and highly satisfied compared to other groups. Nurses who were working in the governmental hospital had higher levels of depressive symptoms than nurses who were working in a private hospital, and they were less satisfied. Working in the intensive care units decreased anxiety symptoms by 0.18 score, and every score increased in job satisfaction, decreased anxiety symptoms by 0.19 score. Being married increased depressive symptoms by 0.26 score and working in governmental hospitals increased depressive symptoms by 0.19 score. Every score increased in job satisfaction, decreased depressive symptoms by 0.27 score. Job dissatisfaction increased levels of anxiety and depressive symptoms among nurses. This might increase rates of burn out and intention to leave workplace areas ending with shortage and impairment of quality of care. The implementation of different strategies to improve job satisfaction among critical care nurses is necessary.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-04-12-2019-55
Total View : 158

Abstract : Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women and is a leading cause of cancer-related mortality. The SOX2, having the ability of cancer stem cell self-renewal is responsible for the development of breast cancer. Objective: This study aimed to determine the frequency and gene expression pattern of SOX2 and its association with clinicopathological factors in invasive breast cancer in East Coast Malaysian women. Material and methods: The SOX2 expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry on 100 samples of histologically diagnosed cases of invasive breast carcinomas, with known ER, PR and HER2 status,  retrieved over 4 years period from January 2012 to December 2015.  Positive samples were subjected to fluorescent in-situ hybridisation to determine the gene expression pattern.  Result: The SOX2 expression was detected in 6% of invasive breast carcinomas, and all these cases were due to gene amplification.  There was a significant positive correlation with tumour recurrence (P<0.001), large tumour size (P<0.001), lymphovascular invasion (P=0.006) and lymph node metastasis (P<0.01). The SOX2 expression was not correlated with age group (P =0.078), tumour grade (P = 0.465), ER positivity (P= 0.578), PR positivity (P= 0.578) or HER2 over expression (P= 0.541). Conclusion: The SOX2 expression has a potential to be used as a prognostic marker in breast cancer in which the expression indicates potential for early recurrence and aggressive tumour behaviour.  The SOX2 may also be considered as a target for immunotherapy to personalise the therapeutic strategies especially in preventing tumour recurrent..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-03-12-2019-54
Total View : 535

Abstract : Throughout history, many cultures considered the heart is the main source of emotions, passion, and wisdom. Also, it was used to feel the experience of feeling or sensation and other emotional states. Several years ago, some investigators have proved the existence of a little brain on the heart which acts like a real brain in the head. A pioneer, in the field of making decisions, did extensive research to explain the concept of the intrinsic cardiac network and introduced it as a functional “heart brain”. His work demonstrated a complex intrinsic nervous system in the heart, that is deemed sufficiently sophisticated to qualify as a “little brain” in its own right.Some of the first researchers in the field of psychophysiology to examine the interactions between the heart and brain were John and Beatrice Lacey. During 20 years of research throughout the 1960s and 70s, they observed that the heart communicates with the brain in ways that significantly affect how we perceive and react to the world. So this review aimed to through more light on heart-brain connection which proof the heart ability to work independently with memory keeping.
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