International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal. Azerbaijan Medical Journal Gongcheng Kexue Yu Jishu/Advanced Engineering Science Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery Interventional Pulmonology

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-20-02-2020-276
Total View : 129

Abstract : Medication Errors pose a threat to patient safety, however, identifying the occurrence of incidents of medication errors are important aspect of medication handling process. Purpose of the study is to identify the types of medication errors the respondents have experienced in the last 10 years and improve patient safety. 42 Pharmacists participated in the survey while 270 Registered Nurses were selected using consecutive sampling method (n=312). Reliability coefficient was 0.84; level of significance was α = 0.05. A self-structured questionnaire (see Supplementary files) was used for data collection. The research questions were analyzed with descriptive statistics such as frequency tables, charts, percentages and means while the research hypothesis were analyzed with Kruskal-Wallis non-parametric test for investigating variability within a variable while t-test and Levene’s test statistic were applied to investigate difference between two variables. The responses were scored (1-5) and the best response was assigned the highest score in descending order. Data was analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Science version 21.0 and data presented on relevant tables and charts. The most common types of Medication Errors among the respondents were patient misidentification, giving the wrong medications, wrong dosage and wrong dosage form. The total mean action of pharmacists and nurses were 3.76 and 3.5 respectively. The Kruskal-Wallis test results showed that there was significant difference (p<0.05) between the types of medication error and the action to medication errors among the respondents. To improve patient safety, it is important to take into account several complex mechanisms such as periodic training of pharmacists and nurses, improving medication handling process. This article reports the results of a health care intervention on human participants. It was ethically approved at the Research Ethics Committee of the University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital Nigeria with the registration number UPTH/ADM/90/S. II/VOL.XI/44 on 13th July 2016..
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International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-19-02-2020-271
Total View : 133

Abstract : Hepatitis C virus infects liver and degenerate its structure. The progression of disease to chronicity is leaded by the production of acute phase proteins mainly CRP. C reactive protein is synthesized in liver and stimulated by cytokine Il-6, in response to tissue damage, inflammation and infection. The objective of this study was to find the association between CRP and HCV in patients with both positive and negative HCV RNA by PCR. A total of 98 HCV positive patients from Best-way Medical Center, Lahore, and Project of WHO at Allama Iqbal Medical College, Lahore and CAMB were included in the study in which HCV antibodies were detected to be positive. These all patients were tested for the detection of viral RNA by PCR. CRP assay was performed to all specimens of patients. According to study, 50(51%) out of 98 were positive for HCV RNA and 48(49 %) out of 98 were negative for HCV RNA. 6 (12 %) out of 50 were positive for CRP in HCV RNA positive cases while 12 (25 %) out of 48 were positive for CRP in HCV RNA negative cases. The finding of present study shows that there is no significant relationship of CRP and HCV infection and more, that CRP assay is not useful as a diagnostic marker of hepatitis C virus.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-19-02-2020-270
Total View : 126

Abstract : Schwannoma is a peripheral nerve sheath tumor, a benign tumor that grows slowly from neural fairy cells in the nerve sheath. These tumors can cause neurological deficits because of their intradural location and suppress the spinal cord so it needs to be decompressed to prevent permanent nerve damage. We reported one case of  intradural thoracal schwannoma with neurologic deficit of paraplegia inferior. We have performed a laminectomy – posterior durotomy and tumor excision with posterior approach without intraoperative monitoring. The result is a return of motoric and sensoric improvement. The patient was satisfied with the result.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-19-02-2020-269
Total View : 127

Abstract : This research was planned to assess the different surface treatments effects on the microleakage of the flexible resin at two metals: Co-Cr and Ni-Cr alloys interface. Sixty rectangular samples [50mm x 25mm x 1mm] length, width, thickness respectively. They were prepared with a grid pattern which was formed 50 squares. every sample was divided to experimental half [with treatment] and a control half [without treatment]. There were 2main groups according to the alloy’s kind: 30samples for Cobalt-Chromium alloy and 30samples for Nickel-Chromium alloy. Each main group were further subdivided into 3 subgroups according to the type of surface treatments: fiber laser surface treatment Z-prime plus, or combination of them [fiber laser +Z-prime]. All of them were thermocycle then the test was done. The collected data was analyzed by independent one-way ANOVA, T-test, and LSD-test at a significance level [p-value≤0.05]. A result was showed that the subgroups of combination [fiber laser surface treatment and Z- Prime] for both Co-Cr and Ni-Cr alloys had the least microleakage values, followed by the Z-prime surface treatment alone. The highest value was seen in laser-treated subgroups. Both laser-treated with Z-Prime for two Co-Cr and Ni-Cr alloys revealed the highest reduction in microleakage than other types of surface treatments.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-18-02-2020-267
Total View : 135

Abstract : The 6-minute walk test (6MWT) is a simple, reliable, and non-invasive method potentially used in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. However, the performance of 6MWT in patients with CAD data are limited. This study aimed to describe distance, hemodynamic consequences, symptoms, and arrhythmias related the 6MWT in CAD patients. This was a retrospective cross-sectional study by retrieving medical records. We consecutively recruited all CAD patients without surgical treatment and underwent the 6MWT before discharge from the hospital in the period of August until September 2019. Data were analysed with the paired T-test using SPSS version 21.0. We enrolled 75 CAD patients aged 57.95±10.86 years old, 84.2% of them were male with BMI of 26.09±6.50 kg/m-2. Of all subjects, 34.7% of patients were CAD 1 vessel disease (VD), 26.7% were CAD 2VD, and 38.7% were CAD 3VD. The average 6- minute walk distance achieved was 355.12±111.90 meters, with predicted VO2 max 14.26 ±2.98 ml/kg/minute and the average of patients’ functional capacity was 4.22±0.91 METs. There were significant increases in systolic blood pressure (BP) (119.76±19.42mmHg to 124.04±18.13mmHg, p= 0.001), diastolic BP (75.29±9.89mmHg to 77.65±10.89mmHg, p=0.004), heart rate (78.53±13.61bpm to 87.55±13.18 bpm, p<0.001), respiration rate (19.73±1.06 per minute to 20.97±1.78 per minute, p<0.001), and reduction of peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2) (97.03±1.39% to 96.36±1.65%, p<0.001). Several complications occurred during the 6MWT including angina (1.3%), dyspnea (1.3%), dizziness (2.6%), nausea (1.3%), lower limbs discomfort (2.6%), systolic BP reduction≥10 mmHg (10.6%), desaturation (SpO2<90%) (1.3%). ST-segment depression occurred in 1.3% patients and ventricular extra-systoles (VES) appeared in 11.9% patients. The 6-minute walk test distance achieved in CAD patients is modest. The 6MWT significantly affects hemodynamic status, causes mild symptoms and transient mild arrhythmias.
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