International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-02-02-2020-189
Total View : 63

Abstract : One of the reasons for hearing impairment is due to excessive noise exposure. These encounters can cause permanent hearing loss, which can impair verbal communication with others and decrease the quality of a person's social life. The most prevalent place of exposure to excessive noise and the most common reason of noise-induced hearing impairment is noise exposure in the military environment. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of auditory disorders in conscripts and the role of routinely audiometric screening. In this cross-sectional study, the invited soldiers to the Islamic Republic of Iran Army were investigated in Tehran. Then, their data such as age, history of exposure to high-intensity noise, history of hearing impairment in the family, history of ear trauma were collected by a questionnaire. Audiometric tests included pure tone audiometry, tympanometry, and acoustic reflex was conducted. The presence of hearing impairment and its type (conductive - sensorineural) were evaluated according to audiometric tests and its relationship with possible risk factors. According to our results, among the 207 studied soldiers, the prevalence of hearing impairment was 14%, and the most prevalent type was sensorineural hearing impairment type (SNHL) with a prevalence of 7.7% and the highest rate of conflict was in high frequencies. Sensorineural hearing loss had a significant relationship with the history of hearing loss in the family. Also, there was a significant relationship between conductive hearing loss and ear trauma. Routine hearing screening including otoscopic ear examination and basic and comprehensive audiometric tests, impedance and acoustic reflex, seems essential for all soldiers at the beginning of their military service and military training and identifies probable ear disorders.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-01-02-2020-188
Total View : 158

Abstract : Breast cancer (BC)is the most frequent cancers occurring among women. It is the leading cause of women mortality & morbidity all over the world, among Saudi women there was a significant increase of the incidence of breast malignancy, breast self-examination (BSE) is a simple, very low-cost, non-invasive procedure can be used for early detection of breast cancer at an early stage. The objective of this study is to assess the knowledge & practice knowledge of women in Najran city/ KSA about BSE as a screening method for early detection of BC. A Cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted during 2019 to assess the knowledge and practice of BSE in 449 female samples picked randomly in Najran / KSA. A questionnaire was designed for data collection, SPSS used for data analysis. The finding of this study find that (52.2%) of the study participants between 18-28 years old (72%) completed their education university, 55.5%have good total score knowledge, and 40.3% had practice knowledge's score of BSE and poor total knowledge score about mammogram, there is significant correlation between female knowledge's, practice knowledge's and level of education, while there is no correlation between female knowledge's, practices knowledge's and age group. This study showed that the majority of participants practice breast self-examination (BSE) each month, which contributes to increasing awareness of what is normal for the breasts, the total knowledge score of BSE was excellent and its practice knowledge's too while the relationship between them is significant p-value 0.000. Hence, the continuation of frequent community-based awareness programs and training courses is needed so that women awareness and practice will be increased toward BSE, which helps to pick up any abnormal changes in the breasts and look for medical advice promptly..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-31-01-2020-186
Total View : 149

Abstract : Synthetic vertebral body replacement has been widely used recently to treat different spinal conditions affecting the anterior column. They arrange from trauma, infections and even tumor conditions. In this study, we assess the functional outcome of this modality in different spinal conditions. Thirty-six cases operated from Oct. 2010 to Dec. 2017. Twelve patients had spinal type A3 fractures, 11 cases with spinal tuberculosis, and 13 cases with spinal tumors. They were followed clinically for a mean period of 2.4 years. All the cases were approached anteriorly. Seven cases had a postoperative infection. No neurological worsening reported. We had dramatic neurological improvement in all spinal tuberculosis cases. Mortality recorded in only four cases with metastatic spinal tumors during the mean period of follow up. Karnofsky performance status scale showed statistically significant change for spinal tuberculosis, and tumor cases during the follow-up period, but there was no significant change in cases of spinal type A3 fractures. The positive outcome of this surgery makes it recommended for properly picked patients especially with spinal tuberculosis and tumors.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-30-01-2020-185
Total View : 260

Abstract : This work aims to assess the influence of pre-treatment with chlorhexidine and fluoride solutions on shear bond strength "SBS" of sapphire brackets bonded using two types of orthodontic adhesive systems. Forty recently extracted premolars were allocated to 4 equal experimental groups, 1st and 2nd were treated with 0.20 % chlorhexidine gel, while 3rd and 4th were treated with Fluoride Varnish. Following surface treatment, sapphire brackets were bonded with Transbond XT plus (SEP) and Transbond XT adhesive group 2 and 4; and Heliost composite were performed for group 1 and 3 following the manufacturer’s specifications. The SBS was measured by a universal testing machine, while the failure sites were analyzed using the adhesive remnant index (ARI). The SBS for group 1 and 2 were less than those for group 3 and 4 without a statistically significant difference (P> 0.05); however, significantly greater bond strength (P< 0.05) was found between groups 1 (treated with chlorhexidine gel) and group 3 (treated with fluoride varnish). No significant difference in SBS was observed between HELOISIT and XT TRANSBOND PLUS primer and adhesive. ARI scores showed that failures mostly occurred at the interface of enamel and resin. The application of chlorhexidine gel before bonding had insignificant impact on the SBS; however, fluoride varnish significantly increased SBS for Heliosit adhesive.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-29-01-2020-183
Total View : 154

Abstract : The prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) and its genotypes among healthy adults and children has been established, and various risk groups for the prevalence of viral hepatitis C patients living in the endemic area  of the central cities of Iraq  from the period of 2017 to 2019have been identified. A high prevalence of anti-HCV has been identified. A high level of prevalence was noted in groups of patients in the intensive care units and personnel donors.
Full article

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