Vol - 29, Issue - 07
About the Journal
[This article belongs to Volume - 29, Issue - 07]
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-27-06-2022-1492
Total View : 445

Abstract : About one-third of all patients with ocular trauma fall in the pediatric category of patients. The present study was planned to assess the epidemiological profile as well as visual acuity of ocular trauma in children. A longitudinal study of children with ocular trauma in the category of 0-16 years was conducted at a tertiary care hospital in central India between 2019-2021. Different epidemiological factors like age, sex, mechanism of injury, cause of injury, and visual prognosis were studied. Out of thirty-two patients, 11 patients were between the ages of 0-5 years of age, 17 patients were between 6-10 years and four were between 1-16 years of age. The female-to-male ratio was 1: 2.2. The closed globe injury was encountered in 17 (53.1%) out of thirty-two patients, of which sixteen patients (50%) belonged to the upper-lower class of Kuppuswamy’s socioeconomic status. The majority (46.87%) of the injuries were caused by toys followed by injuries due to fingernails (21.87). About 15.62% of injuries were due to falls. Nearly 90% of all ocular trauma is avoidable by using appropriate protective eyewear and increasing awareness amongst supervising adults.

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