International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal. Azerbaijan Medical Journal

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-07-12-2020-686
Total View : 443

Abstract : In today’s setting, the proper execution of measurements and compliance of various Point of care investigations, with both internal and external quality control is a great challenge. The aim of this study is to compare the values of a highly critical parameter Creatinine (Cr) determined with a point of care device (POC) vs the central laboratory analyser (ZL) in a highly vulnerable setting of an emergency department in a tertiary care hospital and to assess the devices performance. It’s a prospective observational study done among 500 patients of all age group, who presented to emergency department and whose Creatinine was simultaneously determined using POC and ZL. On comparison between creatinine determined using POC and ZL, overall there is good correlation (r = 0.934, p<0.001) & a positive linear correlation [ICC=0.966, 95% confidence interval = (0.959, 0.971)]). Additionally, elevated creatinine values in males (Cr >1.2 mg/dl) and females (Cr >1.1) were analysed individually & in a group between POC-Cr and ZL-Cr, which showed a good agreement in diagnosis of kidney injury using POC. -Sub collective groups i.e. paediatric patients (age <18), geriatric patients (age > 85 years) & gender based analysis were also done and the results showed a highly significant correlation between POC-Cr and ZL-CR. Creatinine determined using POC devices has good correlation with central laboratory value with both internal and external quality control..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-07-12-2020-685
Total View : 354

Abstract : Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is defined as practice and products that can be used as alternative and part of conventional medicine. This study was conducted to identify the types of CAM that are used by Jordanian cancer patients, identify the factors associated with using CAM among Jordanian cancer patients and measure Health-related Quality of Life (HRQOL) among Jordanian cancer patients using CAM. A quantitative, cross-sectional design with convenience sampling approach was used. 201 participants completed the study survey with response rate 92 %. Majority of the participants used CAM during their illness period (145, 72.2%). The results from the current study showed that the majority of the participants used diet and nutritional supplements to minimize the side effects of traditional chemotherapy treatments (140, 69.6%), followed by to control disease, to decrease psychological pressure and distress and because of dissatisfaction with the conventional medicine (40: 19.9%, 12: 5.9%, 8: 3.9% and 1: 0.05% respectively). The results indicated that the participants had moderate level of QOL and the total of the QOL score mean was 82.72 (SD 11.29). Continuous education about type and actions of CAM is recommended for healthcare workers.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-06-12-2020-684
Total View : 450

Abstract : Beetroot contains high levels of antioxidants and can trigger vasodilation of blood vessels. Beetroot has an ergogenic effect, so it is widely used to produce high energy. This study aimed to determine the effect of beetroot powder on the improvement of oxidative stress in Wistar rats received high intensity exercise. 30 Wistar rats were randomly divided into 5 groups (n=6), they were control negative (Group I); control positive (Group II); received exercise and 0.36 g/200 g b. wt/day of beetroot powder (Group III); received exercise and 0.72 g/200 g b. wt/day of beetroot powder (Group IV) and received exercise and 1.08 g/200 g b. wt/day of beetroot powder (Group V). The treatment was given 1x/day after exercise for 28 days. MDA levels were measured using ELISA while Hb levels were measured using the Sahli method by taking retroorbital vein blood. The data were analyzed using paired sample t test and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). There are differences in MDA and hemoglobin levels before and after the administration of beetroot powder as much as 0.36 g/200 g b. wt/day; 0.72 g/200 g b. wt/day and 1.08 g/200 g b. wt/day in Wistar rats received high intensity exercise (p<0.005). Result of the post hoc test showed differences in MDA and Hb levels between the control and treatment groups. Beetroot powder was effective in improving oxidative stress and hemoglobin levels in Wistar rats received high intensity exercise.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-06-12-2020-683
Total View : 463

Abstract : Prevalence of dysmenorrhea among adolescents was high but study on how dysmenorrhea affects their daily routine has not been clearly reported. A randomized cross-sectional questionnaire-based study was conducted on female students from 15 colleges and universities across three states in Malaysia. The questionnaire comprised of participants’ demography, general information on their menstrual flow and characteristics of the dysmenorrhea. Visual Analog Scale was used to assess the severity of the pain. Results showed that the average age of menarche and the duration of painful menses for all participants was 12.4 ± 1.2 SD (standard deviation) year-old and 3.0 ± 2.2 days, respectively. The severity of pain was rated at 5.1 ± 2.0. More than 80% of participants have had regular menstruation and about 60% have had dysmenorrhea regularly. Participants who had regular period were more likely had dysmenorrhea. Despite having pain, participants were refrained themselves from taking medication but not restrict participants from performing physical activities, not applied medical leave or absent from their learning activities. Participants who suffering period pain were more likely to have female family members who also has had similar encounter. Severity of dysmenorrhea among participants was significantly correlated with the number of pad changed. More severe of dysmenorrhea, more heavily the menses was. As a conclusion, the prevalence of dysmenorrhea remains high but not severely rated among female university students in Malaysia. Risk factors such as regular menstruation and positive family history of dysmenorrhea may significantly deteriorate the menstrual pain but physical activity may ease dysmenorrhea.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-06-12-2020-682
Total View : 360

Abstract : Meningitis is an inflammation of meanings which associated with abnormal values of cell count in the cerebrospinal fluids. Viral meningitis becomes more common after reducing in bacterial meningitis due to vaccination. Herpes simplex viruses are the second cause of viral meningitis in the developing countries. The aim of this study is to detect the incidence of HSV-1 in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) sample of Iraqi patients with meningitis. A cross sectional study conducted from November 2019 to February 2020. Sixty out of 170 samples were enrolled in this study, all samples were collected by lumber puncture from patients who were attended the Baghdad medical city complexes. Five to twelve milliliters of CSF samples were collected for evaluation of clinical parameters of CSF samples, and for PCR detection of herpes simplex virus-1. The results of the current study revealed that HSV-1 was detected in 20 (33.3%) out of 60 Iraqi patients with meningitis. The present study concluded that HSV-1 may have an important role in the development of meningitis in Iraqi patients.
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