International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-06-04-2020-387
Total View : 150

Abstract : The commonest spine infection is tuberculosis, with 50% of all TB musculoskeletal.Patients complained of back pain and chronic illness manifestations. An excessive thoracal kyphotic orhyperkyphosis that apparent on physical examination is called gibbus. About 10% - 47% of patients withspine TB had neurological deficits with paraplegia is the most terrifying complication. Describe spine TBcase profile in an Orthopaedic Hospital and to correlate between presence of gibbus, and kyphotic deformitywith neurological deficits in spine TB patients. A retrospective study of spine TB patients profile inOrthopaedic Hospital Surakarta from January 2015 until December 2017. Ninety patients were identifiedand reviewed. Data taken from medical records and weekly discussion of spine division at Prof. DR. R.Soeharso Orthopaedic Hospital Surakarta. Correlation study use the chi square data analysis. There were 40male patients. Gibbus was found in 55 patients and 48 patients had neurological deficit in physicalexamination. Thirty-nine patients had kyphotic deformity > 30o. Based on the patient’s profile, we analysethe data using chi square to evaluate the correlation between gibbus or kyphotic angle ≥ 30o withneurological deficit incidence, the result shows that neurological deficit incidence is 3.94 times higher withthe presentation of gibbus, and 1.50 times higher with kyphotic angle ≥ 30o.Presentation of apparent gibbus is very meaningful in predicting the concomitant neurological deficit. Wecan also safely conclude that excessive kyphotic deformity can be a good predictor for the prognosis ofspine TB disease course.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-04-04-2020-385
Total View : 169

Abstract : Predicting the type of delivery; with the least-cost means, for a pregnant woman, is veryvaluable, when there are no other facilities to help in predicting what type we are going to choose.Anthropometric measures are very easy to perform and are cost effective in such circumstances, and mayhelp in lowering the rates of maternal and perinatal mortalities and morbidities, by making the right decisionearlier, especially in the developing regions of the world, where maternal and perinatal deaths constitute amajor problem in health facilities (Benjamin et al., 2011) (Mahmood, Campbell, Wilson, 1988) [1,2]Caesarean section (CS) is a surgical procedure to deliver one or more babies through incisions made in theabdomen (laparotomy) and the uterus (hysterectomy) of the mother. There are many indications to proceedwith CS, such as previous CS, cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD), dystocia, malpresentation, fetal andmaternal diseases and others, but in general, when the vaginal delivery fails, or when the risks during havinga vaginal delivery exceeds the risks of a CS, a CS is recommended (Baker, Kenny, 2011)3 CPD is the resultof an anatomical disproportion between the head of the fetus and the mother’s pelvis. It may be due to smallpelvis of the mother, large head of the baby (although it’s rare that a fetal anomaly contributes to CPD) orcombination of both (Baker, Kenny, 2011) [3].
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-04-04-2020-384
Total View : 147

Abstract : Early healing of periodontal wounds in oral cavity may be critical to the treatment outcome. This study examined the effects of oral pomegranate peel extract on the healing of surgically induced full thickness of the gingival wound in terms of histopathological aspect. A total of 30 healthy adult New Zealand female rabbits were randomly divided into two equal classes of incised wounds groups, experimental and control. The experimental group as study daily orally received 1 ml of Punica Granatum L., beginning on the first day of surgical gingival wound, continue 10 days after surgery, using a wound healing pattern. While; the animals in the control group, their surgical gingival wound pattern has been left untreated. In histological findings, scarification was undertaken for the healing periods (1, 8 and 15 days) of animals bearing a given gingival wound. The result of this study showed that the oral applications of Pomegranate peel extract promoted the process of wound healing particularly epithelial regeneration and collagen density with highly vascularized connective tissue remarkably in comparison with control group. In addition, the histological finding of our material revealed that, in general terms, it had all the hallmarks of complete healing. To conclude, results showed that oral administrations Pomegranate peel extract can stimulate healing properties on gingival wounds, in rabbit's model.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-31-03-2020-380
Total View : 132

Abstract : The cleaning and shaping of root canals is an important step in root canal treatment. Mechanical instrumentation of root canals creates an irregular layer of debris, known as the smear layer. The aim of the study was to assess and compare the effect of different endodontics irrigant activators on the elimination of debris and smear layer from root canal dentine. Fifty single-rooted extracted mandibular premolars were instrumented with protaper Next up to size X4 and divided into five groups: the first was control group (n=10) and four experimental groups according to the activation system for irrigation, second group was activated by Endoactivator sonic system, third group by ultrasonic system Endoultra, fourth group by Xp-endo finisher and finally fifth group was activated by Finisher gentle file-brush. Teeth then sectioned longitudinally into two halves, and each half was marked into 3 parts (coronal, middle, apical) each part was examined under scanning electron microscope for evaluation of residual debris and smear layer. The data was statistically analyzed using Kruskal Wallis and Mann-Whitney U tests using IBM SPSS Statistics 21 software. The significance level was set at p < 0.05. Regarding debris and smear layer, using irrigant activators enhance debris and smear layer removal especially in middle and apical third. No activation technique was able to eliminate debris and smear layer completely from root canals. The EndoActivator did not show any improvement in smear layer removal but showed improvement in debris removal in compare with control group. XP-endo finisher showed best result in removing smear layer in coronal and middle third. Endo-ultra device showed best result in removing smear layer in apical third.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-31-03-2020-379
Total View : 166

Abstract : Adults and elderly patients suffering from RVI including that of corona and influenza viruses’ outbreaks, developed severe complications caused by a bacterial co-infection leading to pneumonia, resulting in man death. Some people are vulnerable to develop complications. WHO states that bacterial pneumonia post-RVI elevated mortality up to 38%. However, these complications were not the case in children. Statistical studies showed that pneumoniae was mainly caused by the bacterium S. pneumoniae, that can be detected more in children than adults. In contrast, investigation of infected patients illustrated that children showed no clinical complications post-RVI. Interestingly, in the first two years after birth, children receive 4 doses of PCV13 as declared by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Hence, based on available global data, this perspective suggests that the PCV could ease in protecting victims of RVI, not only with COVID-19, but also with other future emerging human respiratory viruses.
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