International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-06-10-2020-629
Total View : 442

Abstract : Inguinal hernia is a common surgical disease. Giant inguinoscrotal hernias are more unusual and impose significant impact on quality of life including difficulty with mobility, scrotal skin ulceration and bowel obstruction. Besides it is more challenging in terms of surgical management. Diagnosis of giant inguinoscrotal hernia is straight forward on clinical examination. Nevertheless, with the advent of CT scan, pre-operative contrast-enhanced CT scan is useful for ascertaining the hernia contents, its configuration and measuring the neck of hernia. We report a case of a patient with extremely huge irreducible right giant inguinoscrotal hernias.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-03-10-2020-627
Total View : 384

Abstract : The prevalence of diabetes is increasing worldwide including Indonesia. The major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is cardiovascular disease (CVD). The underlying pathophysiology that increases CVD risk in T2DM is atherosclerosis. Arterial stiffness is associated with atherosclerosis through vascular damage, aging, and endothelial dysfunction. Besides insulin resistance and hyperglycemia, fibrinogen as a marker inflammation and procoagulant state is also an important risk factor in progressing atherosclerosis. We investigated the correlation between fibrinogen as an inflammatory and risk factors of CVD with brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) as a non-invasive method represent arterial stiffness in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. This study was an observational analytic cross-sectional study involved 40 patients with T2DM in Diabetes Outpatient Clinic, Dr. Soetomo general hospital, a tertiary referral hospital in Surabaya, Indonesia. We performed interviews, physical examination, and collected laboratory data including fasting and postprandial glucose, HbA1c, lipid profile, and fibrinogen level. We measured arterial stiffness by calculating the mean of right and left baPWV. The average fibrinogen level in this study was 456.75 ± 142.60 mg/dL and the mean of baPWV was 16.61 ± 2.53 m/s. Patients with HbA1c > 8% had higher fibrinogen levels than patients with HbA1c  8%. There was a positive correlation between fibrinogen level and arterial stiffness in T2DM patients in a tertiary referral hospital in Surabaya, Indonesia.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-30-09-2020-624
Total View : 344

Abstract : Musculoskeletal pain is a major problem among adults and workers at a higher rate these days. It may be severe enough to interfere with your day-to-day life. The purpose of the study to assess the effectiveness of phonophoresis among patients with musculoskeletal pain. A quasi-experimental design was conducted on 41 patients with musculoskeletal pain. Data were collected using a self-reported questionnaire with three parts: First part Demographic data, the second part was the characteristics of pain: location of pain, type of pain, pain frequency and pain severity by a Visual Analog Scale (VAS) and The third part was the ultrasound parameters selected by the physiotherapist. An independent t-test and ANOVA was used to determine the effectiveness of Phonophoresis on musculoskeletal pain between patients The research results showed that ultrasound phonophoresis had a positive influence on pain and function in patients with moderate to severe musculoskeletal pain. The treatment was continued for 6 consecutive sessions. However, the improvement was significantly greater in the first three sessions. The current study concluded that Ultrasound and Phonophoresis both are beneficial for reducing pain with patients who have musculoskeletal pain.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-29-09-2020-622
Total View : 459

Abstract : Andrographis paniculata (AP) is a medicinal herb claimed to possess various pharmacological activities. As the AP extracts were widely used for medicinal purposes, the present study was embarked to evaluate the best extraction methods among AP ethanol, methanol and aqueous extracts, to determine its phytochemical compound and cytotoxicity effect. The toxicity effect of AP extract was evaluated using brine shrimp lethality assay. Finally, the chemical compounds of AP extracts were also identified using Thin Layer Chromatography (TLC) and High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). AP ethanol extraction resulted in the highest yield, demonstrated the superiority of the method. The AP ethanol extract was subjected to a subsequent study of brine shrimp cytotoxicity assay and demonstrated the non-toxic effect of this extract. The chemical evaluation of AP extracts showed the presence of andrographolide and neo-andrographolide in methanol and ethanol extract, while AP aqueous extract only contained andrographolide. Therefore, the findings in this study support the safety and potential use of AP ethanol extract as a novel agent for medicinal purposes. Further laboratory and clinical trial studies are needed to establish the use of AP ethanol extract as an alternative medicine.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-24-09-2020-619
Total View : 354

Abstract : The medical staff remains liable to COVID-19. Healthcare institutions must give offer to the supply of personal protective equipment (PPE) to them, with the prolonged contact with this equipment that may cause a variety of skin diseases. The study is shed light on the cutaneous abnormal reactions to the PPE among the medical staff and offers solutions. This cross-sectional study conducted for the medical staff that involved doctors, dentists, pharmacists, and nurses in the high-risk Ramadi General Teaching Hospital and low-risk Private Clinics, Anbar governorate, Iraq. between 4 July till 10 August 2020. A quantitative descriptive research included age, gender, the duration and type of used masks, gloves, Goggles/face shield, and/or gown. About 23 questions described the adverse skin reactions chiefly that involve the skin. A total of 196 participants were recruited for the online questionnaire, including (49.5%) doctor, (15.3%) dentist, (16.8%) pharmacist, and (18.4%) nurse, with a significant involvement between 20-29 years old age. The use of the mask and glove were associated significantly with an adverse skin reaction, like a wound, dry lips, Acne and/or folliculitis, hand dryness, erythema, itching, wrinkle, nail fracture. While workers who regularly used gowns had a negative correlation with adverse skin reactions including erythema with pruritus of trunk and shoulders, miliaria, and pityriasis versicolor. In conclusions, the medical staff uses PPE that may develop mild dermatological adverse effects. It needs early diagnosis and treatment. There is dermatological advice that may be helpful to avoid these unwanted effects.
Full article

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