International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal. Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption Fa yi xue za zhi

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-29-04-2022-1399
Total View : 409

Abstract : In day to day outpatient as well as inpatient admissions in our hospital, majority present with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes mellitus and its related microvascular and macrovascular complications. The main pathogenic mechanism behind the development of prediabetes, diabetes mellitus and its associated complications is insulin resistance. Up-to-date many methods to detect this insulin resistance has been studied, but none is being used widely because of many underlying difficulties. So the main aim of this study is to test the efficiency of Triglyceride Glucose Index to detect insulin resistance so that it can be applied clinically to all individuals who attend the hospital and appropriate timely management can protect the lives of many individuals..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-29-04-2022-1396
Total View : 373

Abstract : Atrial fibrillation is the disordered supraventricular event characterized by irregular heart rhythm that causes atrial electrical and mechanical function to be altered, which places a significant economic burden on society through morbidity and mortality. Our study aims to study the various clinical presentations of atrial fibrillation and to study the pharmacological efficacy of Sotalol vs Amiodarone in atrial fibrillation..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-28-04-2022-1394
Total View : 434

Abstract : Regional anaesthesia has lot of advantages compared to general anaesthesia for urological surgeries. Bupivacaine is been widely used for spinal anaesthesia across the globe, in spite of its dense motor blockade and cardiac toxicity. In 2009 Ropivacaine, which is a S-enantiomer of bupivacaine, an aminoamide local anaesthetic was introduced in India, though it was being used in other parts of the world since early 1990s. The advantage of Ropivacaine is that it produces less motor blockade which makes it favourable for ambulatory surgeries and urological surgeries which does not require dense motor blockade. The aim of this study was to determine the safety profile and efficacy of two different concentrations of intrathecal isobaric Ropivacaine (0.5 % and 0.75 %) in patients undergoing elective urological surgery.60 Patients who were posted for urological surgery were selected and were divided into two groups (30 in each group) A and B. Group A was given0.5% Isobaric Ropivacaine and Group B wasgiven0.75% Isobaric Ropivacaine. SPSS 24 was used for statistical analysis. The time of onset of sensory block at T10 and time for maximum sensory block was significantly lower (p<0.05) in Group B on comparison with Group A. The time for two segment sensory regression and the total duration of sensory block was significantly lower (p<0.05) in Group A on comparison with Group B. The time of onset of motor block and time for maximum motor block was significantly lower (p<0.05) in Group B on comparison with Group A while the total duration of motor block was significantly higher (p<0.05) in Group B.Group A (0.5% isobaric Ropivacaine) provided adequate anaesthetic conditions for urological surgeries inspite of its delayed sensory onset when compared to Group B (0.75% isobaric Ropivacaine)..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-27-04-2022-1393
Total View : 372

Abstract : Chronic alcohol exposure has altered the prognosis and diagnosis of alcoholic liver disease (ALD) by non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs), gene expression and regulating the protein in the hepatic disease process. Many studies have shown that ncRNAs are involved in various biological processes and the progression of diseases. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), micro-RNAs (miRNAs), and circular RNAs (circRNAs) are major groups in ncRNAs that attract attention. Recently, RNA sequencing technologies have improved with advanced knowledge of molecular regulation pathways of lncRNAs and miRNAs. The aberrant role of lncRNAs followed by hepatic disease progression and significant regulatory role in biological processes, like cellular growth, cell cycle, proliferation, apoptosis, transcriptional factor regulation, etc. Hepatic fibrosis is a flexible wound healing process followed by accumulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) formation. Similarly, up and downregulation of lncRNAs affect cellular integrity and ECM accumulation in the liver disease progression. In hepatic disease progression, most lncRNAs regulate the cellular hemostasis process and therapeutic targets as potential biomarkers in clinical practice. It is of great significance to acquire a full knowledge of the biological processes and regulation of molecular mechanisms underlying hepatic injuries to find and target specific and sensitive molecules for hepatic regeneration. Therefore, lncRNAs have attracted considerable interest in the hepatic regeneration of following alcoholic abuse. In this review, we focus on the predictive role of lncRNAs regulatory factors that induced hepatic growth and regeneration..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-27-04-2022-1392
Total View : 445

Abstract : Diabetic retinopathy is a significant cause of blindness in Saudi Arabia and worldwide. One in five people in Saudi Arabia is suffering from diabetes mellitus. Obstructive sleep apnea and diabetes when co-exist aggravate each other with deleterious consequences. We aimed to assess the relationship between obstructive sleep apnea and diabetic retinopathy in Tabuk, Saudi Arabia. This is a sectional study conducted at the Diabetes Center in King Fahd Specialist Hospital, Tabuk City, Saudi Arabia during the period from August 2021 to February 2022. Two hundred and eight patients with type 2 diabetes were included. A structured questionnaire was used to collect socio-demographic and cardiovascular risk factors. Obstructive sleep apnea risk was assessed by the STOP-BANG questionnaire. The Statistical Package for Social Science was used for data analysis. There were 208 patients with type 2 diabetes, their age was 51.98±12.90 years; the body mass index was 32.28±9.38, the duration of diabetes was 10.97±10.70, the Stop-Bang score ranged from 1-7 (mean± SD, 4.37±1.61) and the HBa1C was 9.44±1.67. Obstructive sleep apnea was highly prevalent (84.6%) and diabetic retinopathy was evident in nearly half of the patients (48.1%). No significant statistical difference was evident between patients with and without retinopathy regarding obstructive sleep apnea risk (4.7±1.7 versus 3.9±1.4, 95% CI, -0.14-1.6, P-value, 0.093. Obstructive sleep apnea and diabetic retinopathy were highly prevalent. No significant statistical association was evident between obstructive sleep apnea risk and diabetic retinopathy. Further larger multi-center studies are needed..
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