International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal. Azerbaijan Medical Journal Gongcheng Kexue Yu Jishu/Advanced Engineering Science Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-14-12-2021-1092
Total View : 449

Abstract : The aim of this study was to compare the clinico-microbiological efficacy of 1% Chlorhexidine Gel(CHX)and 10% Propolis Gel as an adjunct to scaling and root planing (SRP) in chronic periodontitis patients. 30 sites in 10 patients with chronic periodontitis and similar probing depths were selected for the study that were equally divided into 3 groups: SRP alone (Group A), SRP in conjunction with the placement of 1 % chlorhexidine gel (Group B) and SRP in conjunction with the placement of 10% propolis gel (Group C). Clinical parameters were recorded at baseline, 4 weeks and 12 weeks that included Gingival Index, Plaque Index, Probing Depth, Relative Attachment Level And Relative Gingival Margin Level. Microbiological samples were taken at baseline and 12 weeks. The numbers of total bacteria were quantified. At 12 weeks post-treatment, all groups improved from baseline levels. However, statistical analysis revealed greater improvement in all clinical parameters in Group B compared to Group A and Group C. There was also a significant reduction in the total number of bacteria over this period, with a greater reduction observed in the Group B compared to Group A and Group C. Although both treatments seemed to benefit the patients, the adjunctive use of 1% chlorhexidine gel following scaling and root planning enhanced the clinical and microbiological results compared to the adjunctive use of 10% propolis gel and SRP alone..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-13-12-2021-1091
Total View : 480

Abstract : To evaluate role of YEARS Algorithm and DAGMAR Score in patients presented into Emergency Department with suspected Pulmonary Embolism. A prospective study was carried out on 114 patients of both sex with clinically suspected Pulmonary Embolism (PE) presented in Emergency and Traumatology Department, Tanta University Hospital. We included Adult patients (aged ≥ 18 years) with clinically suspected pulmonary embolism [both of One or more Complain of (Chest pain - Dyspnea/Shortness of Breath - Cough - Hemoptysis – Syncope) and One or more risk factors of Pulmonary Embolism (other than Hypertension and Diabetes Mellitus)]. All included patients were evaluated using validated wells criteria as a conventional diagnostic strategy and new diagnostic parameters including YEARS Items and DAGMAR Score. Computed Tomography Pulmonary Angiography (CTPA) performed in all patients as a confirmatory tool. Both Wells Criteria (> 4) and YEARS Items (> 0) were highly specific for PE (82.35% and 78.82% Specificity). While High sensitivity quantitative D-Dimer test (> 0.5 μg/ml) was highly sensitive for PE (96.55% Sensitivity). DAGMAR Score was both Sensitive and Specific for PE (79.31% and 61.18% respectively). YEARS Algorithm is a safe new clinical decision rule that can be used instead of Wells Criteria without increasing percentage of missed pulmonary embolism. Adding DAGMAR Score to YEARS Items instead of using only D-Dimer test may result in decreasing number of required Computed Tomography Pulmonary Angiography (CTPA) without increasing number of missed cases..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-13-12-2021-1090
Total View : 417

Abstract : Ankle arch abnormalities are common in orthopaedics. Left untreated it may result in problems like gait disturbances. Thus, it requires prompt diagnosis and treatment. This can be achieved by assessment of the foot using X-rays by known parameters. However, there is a lack of Indian studies regarding the same. The objective of this study is to formulate standardised norms for the measurement of ankle arch in the South Indian population. 127 participants aged 18-50 years with apparently normal feet were selected. They were evaluated taking X-rays in a weight bearing position. The medial longitudinal arch was assessed using the lateral talocalcaneal angle, calcaneal inclination (CIA), lateral talo-first metatarsal angle, calcaneo-first metatarsal angle (C1MA), navicular index {Navicular Index(NI)=arch length/navicular height(NH)}. Transverse arch assessment was done using. the naviculo-metatarsal angle (NM angle), first-fifth intermetatarsal angle (M1 M5 angle). Measurements were made using IC Measure software. For medial longitudinal arch the mean talocalcaneal angle, CIA, talo-first metatarsal angle and C1MA is 47.10±7.70; 26.83±4.56; 11.24±1.78; 134.56±7.35 degrees, respectively. Mean arch length is 3.83±0.85cm and mean NH of 1.12±0.28cm with a mean NI of 3.48±0.50. In transverse arch mean values of NM angle and M1M5 angle are 101.57±4.53 and 26.22±2.94 degrees, respectively. There was no significant difference in values among males and females. Mean values of all arch parameters except NH are comparable to previous studies. Mean NH is lesser than the previously done studies among Caucasian, Nigerian and Asian populations. Among previously done Indian studies our study showed the prevalence of a flatter medial longitudinal arch with no significant gender related variances..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-12-12-2021-1089
Total View : 484

Abstract : Gentamicin is an antibiotic with a narrow therapeutic index, therefore to determine the dosage must be individualized to made concentration of drug in the blood reaches the level of effectiveness and does not cause toxicity and prevents drug resistance. This research aims to see the accuracy of gentamicin concentration from the doses given. This type of research is a descriptive observational study with a retrospective approach to 42 medical record samples that received gentamicin using purposive sampling technique in RSUD Arifin Achmad. The results of the study showed that the percentage of accuracy of the Cssave concentration of 97.62% indicated that the dose given was in the therapeutic range and 2.38% below the therapeutic range. Accuracy of concentration based on Cssmax, exact concentration of 14.28%, concentration of less than 82.86% and excess concentration of 2.86%. The accuracy of the Cssmin concentration is 100% the right concentration. So can be concluded that the dose of gentamicin given to pediatric patients is not yet reached its concentration in providing effectiveness, because dose given to the patient was not based on calculation of individual doses..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-11-12-2021-1088
Total View : 389

Abstract : Indonesia is one of countries with the largest number of new tuberculosis (TB) cases in the world, ranking 2nd out of 30 countries after India which has a high burden for TB cases in 2017. The problem encountered in TB treatment is the resistance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis to antituberculosis’s drugs. This study aims to determine the correlation between drug consumption adherence with MDR TB cases and to determine the risk factors (patient adherence in taking medication) on MDR TB cases. This research is a type of observational study with a descriptive analytic method and a case control study design using a questionnaire filled out by TB and MDR TB patients at community public health in Pekanbaru, Riau Province, Indonesia. Total sampling technique was used for collecting data in the case group, whereas the data from the control group were collected using purposive sampling technique. There were 36 patients which were appointed as sample in this study, consisted of 18 TB patients and 18 MDR TB patients. The results revealed that statistical tests obtained p-value <0.05, namely 0.003 with an OR value of 9.1 (95% CI 1.99-41.44). It means that there is a significant relationship between adherence to drug consumption with the incidence of MDR TB. Patients who do not adhere to drug consumption have 9.1 times risk of suffering from MDR TB compared to patients who are adhere to drug consumption..
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