International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America Teikyo Medical Journal Journal of the Mine Ventilation Society of South Africa Dokkyo Journal of Medical Sciences
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-14-05-2020-463
Total View : 249

Abstract : Diarrheal disease is considered a significant health problem, principally in developing countries as it is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality especially in infants. Studies found that STEC strains are among the most predominant causative agents in acute diarrhea. The current study aimed to investigate the presence of certain virulence factors and antibacterial susceptibility profile of STEC originating from diarrheal patients of Iraq. A total of 161 human of different ages suffering from diarrhea between August 2019 to February 2019 were registered in this study. Standard bacterial cultural and biochemical methods were used to isolate E. coli species while, PCR was applied to distinguish some virulence genes (stx1, stx2) of STEC isolates. A total of 19 (12 %) isolates were identified as STEC bacterium, and 142(88 %) isolates were non-STEC. Nine isolates of the STEC serotypes were O157. Susceptibilities of 19 STEC isolates were determined for 16 antibacterial drugs. STEC O157 strains and STEC Non-O157 exhibited highest resistance to ampicillin (100%), and (63%) resistance to Cephalosporin group and low resistance (5.6 %) to gentamicin and Amikacin. Also results showed that STEC were the major causes of diarrhea that showed resistant to commonly used antibacterial agents.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-13-05-2020-461
Total View : 322

Abstract : Myogenic Temporomandibular disorder is considered a general condition with patients visiting dental clinics. Etiology due to malocclusion, mechanical trauma, psychological stress, and stroke parafunctional activity. The current study was aimed to evaluate the therapeutic effects of diode laser at 940 nm compared with pharmacotherapy. Forty patients were diagnosed with pain in Temporomandibular Joint region and limited mouth opening have divided into two groups: first group received six-session laser therapy(n=25) for two weeks and second group received Indomethacin, Diazepam, and Paracetamol- Orphenadrine citrate (n= 15) for two weeks. Pain Intensity and maximum painless mouth opening were measured. Collection of results were done pre-treatment, post-treatment, and followed for 6 months. The Data had statistically analyzed using Shapiro- Wilk's test and Quade test using SPSS Statistics V. 20. The significant difference was p< 0.05. The laser therapy showed better maximum painless mouth opening during 3 months with less recurring symptoms of disorder.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-12-05-2020-460
Total View : 343

Abstract : The caries arrest and prevention effect of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) offers a non-invasive and reasonable treatment option in comparison to invasive restorative treatment modalities. However, the staining effect of SDF might force Parents/Guardians (P/G) to reject such treatment due to the change in child esthetic. This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate P/G perceptions of SDF staining produced on anterior and posterior teeth of children with cooperative and uncooperative behaviours. The study model included 62 P/G attended a private pediatric dental clinic centre in Baghdad/Iraq. The P/G accompanied children aged 3-5 years with a high risk of dental caries. Two clear and easy to complete questionnaires were dispensed to the P/G and health care providers to report their responses about SDF staining effect and child cooperation respectively. SDF solution applied to carious lesions of primary teeth by health care providers. Standardised digital images before and after treatment were shown to the P/G to rate whether dark staining is an acceptable or unacceptable result. Responses were analysed using the chi-square test in SPSS software. The results showed a significant association between the P/G acceptance or unacceptance of staining and the area of treatment. Generally, P/G accepted staining on posterior teeth more than anterior teeth especially for those children with un-cooperative behaviour. In conclusion, change in esthetic is a prime concern that affects P/G perception of the treatment between anterior and posterior teeth. However, child behaviour can significantly modulate that perception.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-12-05-2020-458
Total View : 350

Abstract : Within the period of 2009-2015 there were 4241 cases of mortality from coronary heart disease (CHD) in Nur-Sultan city with a gradual decline from 840 cases in 2009 to 510 cases in 2015. As patient age increases, there is a higher mortality rate, which achieves the highest values in age stratum of >75 years. Out of those individuals who are younger than 75 years, the majority were males, while in the senile age group (>75 years), there were two times more females than males. Both women and men had increased mortality rates during the warm season (April-October). There was a significant relationship between average daily air temperature (tav) with lags of 1 and 3 days. With a decrease in ambient air temperature equal to 1°C, the mortality rate increased from 0.993 to 0.994 times, while with the increase in air temperature, the mortality declined, correspondingly. Mortality from CHD decreased together with the increase in effective (ET) and equivalently effective (EET) temperature by 1 °C by 2.17 % and 1.52 %, respectively with the exception of people aged 45-59 years. In patients with CHD aged 18-44 years, an increase in ET by 1ºC was accompanied by the decrease in mortality equal to 0.33 %. An increase in EET by 1°C among the elderly and senile patients reduced the mortality from CHD by 0.45% and 0.48%, respectively. In general, an increase in the average relative air humidity by 1 % leads to the decrease in mortality from CHD by 0.21 %.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-12-05-2020-457
Total View : 309

Abstract :

The NiTi file systems have been launched to dentistry to reduce the chance of endodontic treatment errors. But there is a combining issue, the risk of instrument fracture, mainly due to cyclic fatigue during rotation within a curved canal. This study aimed to compare the cyclic fatigue resistances of Hyflex EDM [Coltene], EdgeOne Fie [EdgeEndo] and One Curve [Micro Mega] instruments at different levels of canal curvature. A total of 60 new files [size 25] divided into three groups and then each group divided into two subgroups, subjected to fatigue tests in two simulated canals with different curvature location, apical [n=10] and middle [n=10]. All instruments were rotated until failure and the number of cycles to failure [NCF] and fragment length[FL] was registered. The results showed that the NCF of all groups were lower in middle curved canal compared to the apical curved canal (P < 0.05). In the apical curved canal, no significant differences in NCF observed between the EO and HEDM files (P > 0.05) but OC files showed a lower significant than others (P < 0.05). In the middle curved canal, no significant difference NCF observed between EO and OC files (P > 0.05), but HEDM showed a lower significant than others (P < 0.05). No statistical difference in the FL among instruments. Concluding that EO Fire instruments had higher resistant to cyclic fatigue, but without significant difference with HEDM at the apical level and without significant difference with OC at the middle level

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