International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-23-01-2020-167
Total View : 251

Abstract : Esthetic coated NiTi arch wires are the desired to match esthetic brackets in the clinical orthodontics; but the presence of coating layer is greatly affected friction during sliding mechanics. The aims of this study were to evaluate the influence of total wire dimension with the coating material types (coating and ion implanted) and thickness of coating layers on frictional force of coated nickel titanium wires. The sample of this study consisted of 140 segments of coated Nickle titanium arch wires involving two wire dimensions (0.016 × 0.022 inch and 0.019 × 0.025 inch). The samples were supplied from four companies (IOS, Orthotechnology, DANY and Hubit) and the uncoated control samples were supplied from IOS Company. Wire dimensions and thickness of coating layer were measured by the metallurgical light incident microscope and the static frictional force was measured through pulling the wires through a set of ceramic brackets by the universal testing machine. The data were then statistically analyzed using ANOVA tests. Generally, the stated dimensions of the wires by the manufacturer do not match the measured wire dimensions. The frictional forces of coated wires differ from uncoated control being higher in the control and polymer coated wires and lesser in the rhodium, gold implanted and labial Teflon coated wires owing to differences in the wire dimension, thickness of coating layer, and physical properties of coating materials. When tested in vitro, rhodium implanted wires produce the least amount of friction.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-23-01-2020-166
Total View : 235

Abstract : Breathing techniques since have become popular due to a rising interest in holistic and wellness approaches to healthcare and have claimed for health benefits and treat a range of medical conditions. However, very few studies document the efficacy and potential clinical benefits of breathing techniques, predominantly in disease state and due to their physiological significance there will be difficulty in refining a breathing technique suitable in time of intense physical or mental stress activity. With this inverse concerns this study aims about implementing the effect of inverse-ratio breathing involuntary breathing individuals and their effects on vital parameters to predetermine the mortality chances due to poor breathing techniques and its association to physiological factors and reduce the death due to CRD and also applied to hospital set up to know the effects of breathing on vital parameters and co-relate to each conditions. 100 healthy adults fulfilling the inclusion criteria were picked for the study. They were initially assessed with resting heart rate ,blood pressure and inspiratory vital capacity followed by performing one minute of inverse ratio breathing then again the measurements were done. The evidence is sufficient to conclude that there is significant effect of Inverse Ratio Breathing in increasing the value of Inspiratory Vital Capacity and Heart Rate from Pre-test to Post-test and decreasing the value of systolic and diastolic blood pressure from Pre-test to Post-test. Thus this Inverse Ratio Breathing can be used as adjunct to other forms of breathing exercises and can be correlated to breathing exercise training for various individuals, considering the physiological basis of each conditions.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-22-01-2020-165
Total View : 155

Abstract : Periodontal disease that has been prolonged without early treatment will result in more severe and comprehensive periodontal tissue damage. Every disease in the periodontal tissues needs initial therapy that consists of scaling and root planning to prevent more severe periodontal inflammation. The study was aimed to determine the effect of initial therapy on TGF-β1 gene expression and healing response in GCF with chronic gingivitis patients. The gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) was taken using paper points before initial therapy and after initial therapy. There were 30 gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) samples and examination was performed with real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR). The results showed that p < 0.05 which there was an effect of initial therapy such as scaling and root planning on the reduction of mRNA expression of TGF-β1 gene in patients with chronic gingivitis. In conclusion, there was a decrease in mRNA expression  of TGF-β1 gene in GCF with chronic gingivitis after initial therapy such as scaling and root planning for severe gingivitis which gave a healing effect in the form of changes in the gingival clinical signs.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-22-01-2020-164
Total View : 267

Abstract : A sedentary lifestyle is a single factor for various metabolic diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of sedentary lifestyles and its effects on weight and Body Mass Index (BMI) in female university students in Banda Aceh, Indonesia. This study was a cross-sectional study. A survey using a questionnaire was carried out on 865 female university students of Universitas Syiah Kuala and aged between 17-19 years. All participants were measured weight and height. Data analysis was using descriptive statistics and independent sample t-tests (p<0.05). In the total of 865 female students, the sedentary lifestyles were 38.61% and non-sedentary 61.39%. There was a significant difference between body weight (p=0.001) and Body Mass Index (BMI) (p=0.003) between the sedentary and non-sedentary groups. Common types of physical activity are walking as much as 71%, gymnastics around 19% and Jogging 10%. The highest frequency of physical activity per week is as much as 2 times/week with 39%, 3 times/week as much as 37%, and >3 times/week by 24%. The duration of physical activity that was mostly done by female students in Banda Aceh was <30 minutes by 47%, 30-35 minutes by 40%), and 60 minutes by 7% and >60 minutes by 5%. The prevalence of sedentary and non-sedentary was 38.61% and 61.39%. The prevalence rate of sedentary lifestyle is higher than Indonesia's national prevalence rate. A sedentary lifestyle is an influence on weight gain and BMI in female university students in Banda Aceh, Indonesia.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-21-01-2020-163
Total View : 325

Abstract : Antenatal care (ANC) is an effective way to prevent neonatal death. The study was aimed at analyzing antenatal care as a predictor of neonatal death in rural Indonesia. This study uses secondary data from the 2017 Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS). Stratification and multistage random sampling yielded 19,283 women aged 15-49 years with live births in the last 5 years in rural Indonesia. Data were analyzed using a Binary Logistic Regression test. Women in rural Indonesia who did ANC ≥ 4 times had a 0.424 times chance of experiencing neonatal death compared to women who did ANC < 4 times. Women in rural Indonesia who were not employed have the possibility of 0.472 times to experience neonatal death compared to employed women. Primiparous women in rural Indonesia were 0.435 times more likely to experience neonatal death than multiparous women. Women in rural Indonesia who did not experience complications during pregnancy were 0.551 times more likely to experience neonatal death than women who experienced complications during pregnancy. It was concluded that ANC is a predictor of neonatal death in rural Indonesia. Other variables that were proven to be predictors were employment status, parity, and complications during pregnancy.
Full article

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