International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal. Azerbaijan Medical Journal Gongcheng Kexue Yu Jishu/Advanced Engineering Science Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery Interventional Pulmonology

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-08-08-2021-866
Total View : 369

Abstract :

Household food insecurity is highly prevalent in developing countries but clearly not associated with poor health and nutrition outcomes of children in many countries. Children in food-insecure households were more malnourished and faces higher rate of hospitalization, iron deficiency anemia, and more frequent stomach aches and headaches than in food-secure households. Some researches shows household food insecurity was associated with underweight, wasting and stunting that mean malnutrition among children. This cross-sectional study aimed to find out the extent of association between household food insecurity and sociodemographic characteristics of under 5 children in a coastal area of Bangladesh. This household based cross-sectional study was conducted among 453 under five children and their respective mother/ head of household residing in 11 villages of 5 union parishad of Ashasuni upazill of Satkhira district of Bangladesh to find out the extent of association between household food insecurity and sociodemographic characteristics of them. Children getting consent from their parents were inducted as study participants. Semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect data on the food security and socio-demographic variables. Among 453 participants about 54% (243/453) people were food insecure and among them 32% (145/243) were mildly food insecure followed by moderate food insecure (20%, 91/243) and severe food insecure (2%, 7/243). About 49.0% (222) were male child and 51.0% (231) were female child. The age of respondent’s child was between 12 to 57 month and the mean age was 29.77±14.219 month and the youngest child was 12 month of age while the oldest was 57 month of age. Sociodemographic and socioeconomic factors may be a key contributor of food insecurity status. Paternal responsibility towards family, his occupation, overall earning capacity of family, educational status of children and their housing type may contribute a significant role in household food insecurity level. Improvement of these factors may improve overall security status.

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Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-08-08-2021-865
Total View : 474

Abstract : Febrile neutropenia (FN) is one of the most important clinical challenge faced in the course of treatment of patients with hematological malignancies. Infection is an important complication of neutropenia and is associated with a high morbidity and mortality. We attempted to revisit the common organisms implicated in this group of patients in addition to find their sensitivity patterns. A prospective cross sectional study was carried out at IMS and SUM Hospital over a period of 6 months in patients with hematological malignancies (n=72) presenting with fever and neutropenia. Blood samples were collected from all patients; urine, sputum, mucosal ulcer swabs were collected when symptoms and signs suggestive of specific etiology was suspected and processed for aerobic bacterial as well as fungal culture and sensitivity. The most common underlying hematological disorder in FN was acute myeloid leukemia (AML, 45.8%) followed by acute lymphoid leukemia (ALL, 16.7%) and aplastic anemia (13.9%). Bacteremic episodes were present in 20.8% (15/72) of blood samples. Of 20 sputum samples, 30% (6/20) had a significant bacterial growth. Similarly, bacterial growth was seen in 25% (3/12) of urine culture samples and 14.3% (1/7) mucosal samples. Of all samples from blood, urine, sputum and mucosa with bacterial growth (n=25), Klebsiella pneumoniae (52%; 13/25) followed by isolates of E. coli (24%; 6/25) were the most predominant organisms isolated. All the isolated enterobacterales were highly resistant to piperacillin tazobactam (71.4%), meropenem (71.4%), netilmycin (64.3%) and tigecycline (57.2%). Colistin was sensitive in all the cases. This study reiterates the fact that unlike Western countries, gram negative pathogens are the flag bearers of infection in FN cases in our country. Multi drug resistant Klebsiella spp. was the predominant organism causing bacteremia in these cases..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-08-08-2021-864
Total View : 602

Abstract : Morocco places the fight against cancer as a national health priority; however, the exploitation of existing data in this field is rare because of a fragmentary, incomplete and deficient routine information system. This observation is valid for the region of Marrakech Safi, which does not yet have its own cancer registry, allowing it to know the epidemiological profile of this pathology. Retrospective descriptive and analytical epidemiological study at the center of oncology and hematology of Marrakech from the records of patients with cancer diagnosed between January 2014 and December 2018. The data collection concerned the data related to the variables: sex, age, marital status, origin (city), environment (urban/rural), occupation, mode of payment and management, cancer location. The data were entered and analyzed on SPSS version 24. The incidence of the Marrakech Safi region estimated on the world population is (162.09/100 000) with a female predominance (201.48/100 000) (p<0.0001), against (123.25) for men. Out of 9272 cases of all types of cancer, the risk factors studied show that cancer affects women more than men (62%) (p<0.0001). Their average age is 54.40 ±15.39 years (p<0.0001). The patients are mainly married (80%) (p<0.0001), without profession (84%) (p<0.0001), coming from urban areas (69%) and from the northern provinces of the region. Among the most frequent types of cancer in the female population, breast (43%), cervical (16%), colorectal (6%) and stomach (4%). Among men, lung cancer ranks first (15.5%) followed by prostate (11.9%), stomach (10.6%) and colorectal (10.5%). Whatever the epidemiological indicators used in the analysis of cancer, the situation is very alarming for our country. The establishment of a comprehensive national or regional policy to fight against this scourge requires the installation of cancer registers in the various national oncology centers and the encouragement of research studies in a perspective of the creation of a data portal on cancer in Morocco..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-08-08-2021-863
Total View : 468

Abstract : Dry eye disorder is a disease mainly due to the tear insufficiency which results in eye discomfort and disturbances in vision. Dry eye also affects the ocular dimensions especially corneal thickness. Central corneal thickness (CCT) assessment plays an important role in refractive surgeries and in the preoperative assessment of other ocular surgeries. To assess the effect of Dry Eye Disease on Central Corneal thickness with age and gender matched controls. 104 subjects (52 cases and 52 controls) who attended SRM Medical College and Hospital ophthalmology OPD were included in the study. Dry eye disease was diagnosed with DEQS questionnaire, Slit lamp examination, TBUT and Schirmer’s test. Pachymetry was used for measuring the CCT of all subjects. Student‘t’ test was used to determine the significance of difference between two means. p values less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant. In our study, there were sixty female patients and forty-four male patients. The ratio of male to female was 1:1.3. The CCT among cases was very low (533.19 ± 30.05) compared to controls (569.27 ± 45.56) and this difference was statistically significant (p < 0.05). When sub grouped under gender, the difference in CCT among males between the two groups was statistically significant and it was highly significant among females. When the reduction in CCT among the cases were studied under different age groups, the subjects in the 41 – 60 years age group had a statistically highly significant difference in CCT between the two groups while it was also significant in other age groups. There is a significant decrease in CCT due to dry eye disease. Pachymetry for CCT estimation shall be included in the routine management of dry eye patients so that corneal thinning could be identified earlier and treated with artificial tears or other substitutes..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-08-08-2021-862
Total View : 426

Abstract : Topical phenytoin, due to its positive effects in healing of ulcers has been widely used in managing Diabetic ulcer foot in current practice. Aim of this study to evaluate the efficacy of topical phenytoin in DM foot ulcers in terms of reduction in wound surface area, rate of granulation tissue formation and number of days required for healing. All diabetic ulcer foot patients after the debridement the initial size of the ulcer and presence of granulation tissue were measured and twice daily dressings were done for each patient. The wounds were reassessed on 14th day. The measurements were recorded and compared with the initial size. The difference between the Study group and Control group in terms of no of days of hospital stay, increased rate of granulation tissue, wound surface area, which is statistically significant. Topical phenytoin dressings are more effective than conventional povidone iodine and saline dressing in terms of faster reduction in wound surface area, increased rate of granulation tissue formation and lesser number days taken for wound healing..
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