International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-01-02-2020-187
Total View : 328

Abstract : Hypertension is still the most important risk factor for cardiovascular events. The number of hypertension in young adults is increasing. A deep insight into the clinical profile will help in devising a preventive strategy, in order to alleviate the morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular disease. However, the data about hypertensive heart disease in the young (<45 years) is limited. A cross sectional study was performed. The hypertensive heart disease was diagnosed by echocardiography. A total 130 young hypertensive heart disease cases were identified from 2016-2018. Hypertensive heart disease was determined using European Society of Cardiology/European Society of Hypertension 2018 guideline and diastolic dysfunction was determined using American Society of Echocardiography 2016 guideline. The mean age of subjects was 39.35 (±4.6) years, male patient was 67 (51.5%). Clinical presentation of the patient was hypertensive heart disease (46.99%), hypertensive heart disease with coronary artery disease (43.1%), and hypertensive heart disease with stroke (10%). Mean ejection fraction (EF) of this study was 55.86 (±15.2) %, the number of normal EF was 63.1%, preserved EF 3.1%, mid-range EF 13.1%, reduced EF 20.8%. The mean left ventricular mass was 246.92 (±90.5) gram, left ventricular mass index was 144.77 (±50.8) gram/m2. Left ventricular hyperthrophy was classified as concentric remodelling 12.3%, eccentric hyperthrophy 27.7%, and concentric hyperthropy 60%. Diastolic function was assessed, normal 10%, grade I 52.3%, grade II 18.5%, grade III 8.5%, and the rest 10.8% cannot be measured. There were a significant number of young hypertensive adults with various echocardiographic abnormalities. Prevention of hypertension should begin earlier.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-31-01-2020-186
Total View : 149

Abstract : Synthetic vertebral body replacement has been widely used recently to treat different spinal conditions affecting the anterior column. They arrange from trauma, infections and even tumor conditions. In this study, we assess the functional outcome of this modality in different spinal conditions. Thirty-six cases operated from Oct. 2010 to Dec. 2017. Twelve patients had spinal type A3 fractures, 11 cases with spinal tuberculosis, and 13 cases with spinal tumors. They were followed clinically for a mean period of 2.4 years. All the cases were approached anteriorly. Seven cases had a postoperative infection. No neurological worsening reported. We had dramatic neurological improvement in all spinal tuberculosis cases. Mortality recorded in only four cases with metastatic spinal tumors during the mean period of follow up. Karnofsky performance status scale showed statistically significant change for spinal tuberculosis, and tumor cases during the follow-up period, but there was no significant change in cases of spinal type A3 fractures. The positive outcome of this surgery makes it recommended for properly picked patients especially with spinal tuberculosis and tumors.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-30-01-2020-185
Total View : 264

Abstract : This work aims to assess the influence of pre-treatment with chlorhexidine and fluoride solutions on shear bond strength "SBS" of sapphire brackets bonded using two types of orthodontic adhesive systems. Forty recently extracted premolars were allocated to 4 equal experimental groups, 1st and 2nd were treated with 0.20 % chlorhexidine gel, while 3rd and 4th were treated with Fluoride Varnish. Following surface treatment, sapphire brackets were bonded with Transbond XT plus (SEP) and Transbond XT adhesive group 2 and 4; and Heliost composite were performed for group 1 and 3 following the manufacturer’s specifications. The SBS was measured by a universal testing machine, while the failure sites were analyzed using the adhesive remnant index (ARI). The SBS for group 1 and 2 were less than those for group 3 and 4 without a statistically significant difference (P> 0.05); however, significantly greater bond strength (P< 0.05) was found between groups 1 (treated with chlorhexidine gel) and group 3 (treated with fluoride varnish). No significant difference in SBS was observed between HELOISIT and XT TRANSBOND PLUS primer and adhesive. ARI scores showed that failures mostly occurred at the interface of enamel and resin. The application of chlorhexidine gel before bonding had insignificant impact on the SBS; however, fluoride varnish significantly increased SBS for Heliosit adhesive.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-29-01-2020-183
Total View : 154

Abstract : The prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) and its genotypes among healthy adults and children has been established, and various risk groups for the prevalence of viral hepatitis C patients living in the endemic area  of the central cities of Iraq  from the period of 2017 to 2019have been identified. A high prevalence of anti-HCV has been identified. A high level of prevalence was noted in groups of patients in the intensive care units and personnel donors.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-29-01-2020-181
Total View : 259

Abstract : Fetal development disorders in pregnancy occur because of the increased need for iodine, while the intake or level of consumption of iodine sourced from household salt and comes from food shortages. Research design is Case-Control with fetal developmental disorders: Intra-Uterine Fetal Death (IUFD), Premature, Low Birth Weight (LBW) and Abortion. Control was taken in the same region and characteristics, derived from secondary data in 6 Public Health Centers (urban and rural) areas. Data collection by interview, observation, and examination of household iodine salt levels with iodine test. Analysis of hypothesis testing with test chi-square and logistic regression with a significance of 5% and a confidence level of 95%. The results showed from 27 cases known as many as 55.6% there was a disruption of fetal development in non-iodized household salt [POR (Prevalence Odds Ratio)]: 2.95 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.66-13.13] and 42, 3% occurs in iodized iodine less salt [POR (Prevalence Odds Ratio): 1.70 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.37-7.85]. The relationship between consumption level and fetal developmental disorder showed that 48.8% experienced fetal developmental disruption at the level of unfavorable consumption of iodine, [POR (Prevalence Odds Ratio): 4.39 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.40-13.68]. Fetal developmental disorders have a large percentage that occurs in respondents in which kitchen salt does not have iodine levels and occurs in respondents with the level of consumption of fewer iodine foods with the most disorders was IUFD and LBW.
Full article

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