International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal. Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption Fa yi xue za zhi Dianzi Yu Xinxi Xuebao/Journal of Electronics and Information Technology Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-07-08-2021-851
Total View : 707

Abstract :

Worldwide, Current statistics on HIV/AIDS indicate that one-half of all new HIV infections worldwide occur among young people ages 15 to 24. Every minute, five young people worldwide become infected with HIV/AID due to unsafe sexual intercourse. In Ethiopia, youths aged 15–24 years were more than 15.2 million, contributing to 20.6 % of the whole population. These large and productive groups of the population are exposed to various sexual and reproductive health risks. To assess the risky sexual behavior and associated factor among adolescent student in Dubti secondary school students in Dubti Woreda. Institutional based cross-sectional study was conducted among adolescents in Dubti secondary school’s students in Dubti Woreda, North East zone 1, Afar National Regional State from Feb. 29 to october 16, 2018. Simple random sampling method was used to select study participants or unit and the sample size is 426, this is calculated with Epi info v 7.2.2.6 0pen calculator. Four diploma nurses will be used for data collection. After data collection data were coded, entered and cleared to cheek for completeness outliers and missed values and variables using Epi Info 7. Finally, data was exported to SPSS version 25. All of the respondents were included in the study. The overall prevalence of risky sexual behavior was 13.9% and predominated under the age18. Factors like participation in religious activity of the respondents [AOR=0.105, CI (0.014,0.997)], ever drank alcohol [AOR=22.627, CI (1.361,376.268)], ever Practicing chewing chat [AOR=9.289, CI (1.889,45.666)], ever smoking cigarette or shisha [AOR=9.815, CI (2.534,38.017)] and not cigarette or shisha smoker (AOR=0.10) were the factors that increase the odds of practicing risky sexual behavior. This study has shown that a considerable proportion of students were engaged in risky sexual behavior. Factors like participating in religious education, Alcohol drinking, being smoker of cigarette or shisha and chat chewer, were the factors that increase the odds of practicing risky sexual behavior among adolescent students. Any interventions that can affect the above risk factors may be helpful to protect adolescent’s health in school.

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International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-07-08-2021-850
Total View : 795

Abstract :

When a cancer patient tests positive for Covid-19 infection, the patient's oncologist has to decide on a further treatment with careful consideration of factors such as patient’s immune status, risk benefit ratio, safety of healthcare professionals and many other factors depending on the tumor’s unique biology. Owing to the high infectivity and rapidly spreading nature of the covid-19 virus, there is little data available in order to help us arrive at the decision on the right course of treatment for cancer patients who test positive for covid-19. Special concerns are with cancer patients who are found to be persistent virus shredders and remain virus positive for more than 2 months after symptom resolution. Amidst the pandemic and all the troubles, it brings to the cancer management, organisations such as The American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO), American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO), The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and many others have published guidelines in treating cancer patients to maximise benefits and minimise the adverse outcomes of the virus. In this mini-review, we have given a comprehensive overview on appropriate anti-cancer treatment courses if found covid-19 positive. A brief discussion on the management of cancer patients if they turned out to be persistent virus shedders.

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Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-07-08-2021-849
Total View : 783

Abstract :

Coronavirus is currently the hottest topic in the world. At the end of 2019, the world was shocked by the new coronavirus outbreak, namely the new coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2). The virus's entry into the body and contact with cells mediated by protein S on the surface of the virus body, protein S as the primary determinant in infecting host species on the virus's surface. A corona or covid-19 virus infection's initial symptoms can resemble the flu, namely fever, runny nose, dry cough, sore throat, and headache. Antioxidants are compounds that can slow down or prevent the oxidation process. Antioxidants can scavenge free radicals, thereby inhibiting the oxidative mechanism, which is the cause of degenerative diseases. Antioxidants can be obtained from natural ingredients such as oils, seeds, cereals, vegetables, fruit, leaves, roots, spices, and herbs. Some types of plants that are suspected of being antioxidants are Moringa (Moringa oleifera, Lamk), Guava Leaves (Psidium guajava Linn), Legundi (Vitex trifolia L), Temulawak (Curcuma xanthorrhiza Roxb), and Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.). Plants - These plants are believed to help maintain a healthy body from the harmful effects of Covid - 19.

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Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-07-08-2021-848
Total View : 710

Abstract :

Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction occurs due to degenerative changes in bony parts of jaw joints. Patients of TMJ dysfunction present with complaints of limited mouth opening and pain. Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) provides a new horizon and helps in improving the treatment opportunity for early TMJ dysfunction. This study was aimed to determine the effect of PRP injection in the management of this condition. A quasi-experimental trial was conducted at Department of Dentistry, Sandeman Provincial hospital, Quetta for 6 months. Samples of 68 candidates were included in the study who were diagnosed with this disease. PRP injection was applied in the TMJ. Pain intensity was noted at baseline before and 3 months’ injection for each candidate using visual analogue scale. Mouth Opening was also measured by measuring the distance between the two incisors at baseline and after 3 months after receiving injection. SPSS version 22 was used to analyse the data. The significant change in pain and mouth opening was assessed by applying paired sample t-test. P-value £ 0.05 was considered as significant. The mean age of patients was 43.61 ± 12.74 years. There were 23 (33.8%) male and 45 (66.2%) female candidates. The mean duration of symptoms was 16.92 ± 4.83 days. The mean pain score of all the candidates was 5.67 ± 2.31 at baseline which was reduced significantly to 0.14 ± 0.11 after 3 months of the procedure (p < 0.0001). The mean maximal mouth opening of all the candidates was 27.86 ± 4.15 mm at baseline which was improved significantly to 42.17 ± 3.19 mm after 3 months of the procedure (p < 0.0001). It has been concluded that application of platelet rich plasma can be significantly effective in reducing pain while improving mouth opening and resolving the symptoms of TMJ dysfunction.

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Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-07-08-2021-847
Total View : 652

Abstract :

Totally implantable access ports (TIAPs) are generally used in oncology patients. A total of 89 consecutive oncology patients, between 2016 to 2019 were enrolled to receive TIAP inserts via an internal jugular vein (IJV) or subclavian vein (SV). Data of early/late complications were prospectively collected. The exclusion criteria were having an active infection and coagulopathy (platelets count < 50 000/µl, INR > 2 or prothrombin time > 18s) at the time of CVAP insertion. For all the patients 8 French ports were used as CVAP and patients were randomly divided into 2 groups of CVAP venous puncture site: Subclavian or Internal jugular vein. Thirty-two patients (36%) were male and 57 (64%) were female. The median age of participants was 55. Chemotherapy ports were implanted through Subclavian and jugular vein in 47(52.8%) and 42 (47.2%) patients respectively. No differences were found in early and late complication rates. In conclusion, we observed that both implantation approaches were feasible and safe. If the circumstances do not permit a puncture of the jugular vein, or if the jugular vein should be preserved for central venous lines, a fluoroscopy-guided or also sonographically guided puncture of the subclavian vein can be a safe alternative.

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