International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal. Azerbaijan Medical Journal Gongcheng Kexue Yu Jishu/Advanced Engineering Science Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-18-06-2020-515
Total View : 334

Abstract : Curcumin, the essential constituent of Curcuma or turmeric, is used widely in many international cuisines. It is known for its pharmacological properties in relatively non-toxic doses. It has been used as probiotics or prebiotics as it has proven medicinal properties since its recognition in 1953. It enhances the overall health of human being by activating or improving the normal micro flora in the colon. This study aimed to investigate the antimicrobial effect of turmeric extract against some species of pathogenic E. coli bacteria hosting surgeries sites and wounds in vitro. 35 samples (swabs) from wounds or surgery sites were collected. The samples were cultured and found bacteria species were isolated and diagnosed. E. coli subtype O157:H7 was isolated form one of the samples and ethanolic Curcumin extract has applied with different concentrations to measure its antimicrobial activity against these subtypes, comparing that to other E. coli subtypes which were collected form stool samples. E. coli O157:H7 showed high resistance to ethanolic curcumin extract with all concentrations. Other subtypes of E. coli where proportionally sensitive to curcumin concentrations. The antimicrobial activity of Turmeric was not strong enough to eradicate E. coli subtype O157:H7. Higher concentrations or other additional factors along with curcumin might be required to enhance its antimicrobial activity.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-16-06-2020-508
Total View : 360

Abstract : Left ventricular dysfunction (LVD) is an important complication of coronary artery disease (CAD) and represents a powerful determinant of survival. the purpose of the current study was to assess scar tissue for patient with old myocardial infarction and LV systolic dysfunction by speckle tracking longitudinal strain using regional and global longitudinal strain and to compare it with late enhancement by CMR which is the gold standard method for assessment of scar transmurality, scar transmurality was the predictor of myocardial viability, the current study defined regional longitudinal strain cutoff value that discriminated between viable and non-viable myocardium. Methods: Thirty-eight patients with old myocardial infarction and LV systolic dysfunction from AL-Najaf cardiac center and AL-Nasirya cardiac center underwent transthoracic echocardiography to measure global and segmental (regional) longitudinal LV strain using two-dimensional speckle tracking and cine MRI followed by contrast-enhanced MRI to assess segmental LV function and the segmental/global (transmural) extent of scar tissue. The optimal cutoff value for regional strain to discriminate between segments with viable myocardium and segments with transmural scar was also determined. Results: A good correlation was found between global LV strain and the global extent of scar tissue on contrast-enhanced MRI (R= 0.518, n = 38, p = 0.001.). The mean segmental strain in segments with a scar score of 3 was -6.33% ± 2.28%, and for segments with a scar score of 4 was -2.67% ± 3.69%. A strain value of the cutoff value of segmental strain was calculated using (ROC curve) analysis, and it was found to be -7.5% discriminated between segments with viable myocardium and segments with transmural scar tissue on contrast-enhanced MRI with a sensitivity of 91.5% and specificity of 89.7% Conclusion: global and regional longitudinal strain measured with two-dimensional speckle tracking miscorrelated with the global and regional extent of scar transmurality assessed by contrast enhanced MRI. A cutoff value of -7.5% for regional strain discriminated between segments with viable myocardium and those with transmural scar tissue on contrast-enhanced MRI with a sensitivity of 91.5% and specificity of 89.7%.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-15-06-2020-507
Total View : 225

Abstract : Obesity is associated with a range of disabling musculoskeletal conditions in adults as knee and hip pain which account for a great deal of activity limitation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of exercise program on balance, gait speed, and knee pain among obese people. A quasi-experimental trial with two groups, experimental and control groups post-test. A total of 40 adult obese patients with knee pain were randomly assigned to the control group (n=20) or experimental group (n=20). Participants in the experimental group received exercise program. A total of 40 patients were enrolled. There were significant differences between the experimental and control group regarding balance, speed gait, and knee pain (P< 0.005) with favor to experimental group. The study confirmed the effect of exercise on decrease knee pain, improved balance, and increase speed gait.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-15-06-2020-505
Total View : 304

Abstract : Inguinal hernia surgery is one of the most common elective procedures performed by the surgeons and has evolved from open to laparoscopic technique. This prospective study was conducted to find out intra-operative incidents and post-operative outcomes in patients undergoing TEP and TAPP for inguinal hernia repair. A prospective study was conducted on 50 adult patients who underwent laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair between November 2017 to November 2018. It was a randomised study and equal number of patients were allocated to TAPP and TEP group based on surgeon’s preference. Operative time [p<0.0001], intensity of pain (VAS) was significantly higher in TAPP compared to TEP in the immediate post-operative period (6 hours) and during hospital stay [p=0.0299]. No significant difference observed in VAS between TEP and TAPP during follow up [after 1 week (p=0.2298), 2 weeks (p=0.2337), and 4 weeks (p=0.3944)]. Both TEP and TAPP were comparable in terms of Intra-operative and Post-operative complications {seroma [during hospital stay (p=0.1573), after 1 week (p=0.6375), after 2 weeks (p=0.5513)]; haematoma [during hospital stay (p=0.1492), after 1 week (p=0.3125)]} and Conversion (p=0.3125), and Length of hospital stay (p=0.3960). Time to resume normal work [p<0.0001] was significantly more in TAPP than TEP. Although both procedures are safe and efficacious TEP has a definite edge over TAPP taking into consideration the lesser intensity of post-operative pain during hospital stay, shorter duration of surgery and relatively early return to normal work associated with the former procedure. TEP should therefore be regarded as the procedure of choice for inguinal hernia repair.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-14-06-2020-504
Total View : 363

Abstract : Sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG) and lipoprotein lipase (LPL) play an important role in erectile dysfunction (ED) in overweight men. This study focuses on the study of the rs727428; rs5934505; rs10822184 single nucleotide polymorphisms that determine the predisposition to erectile dysfunction in overweight men, as well as the relation of these polymorphisms with the level of sex hormones in the Kazakh population. A total of 200 men of Kazakh nationality, after consent, have been selected for the study, of which 70 patients with ED IIEF-5 (6-25) and overweight (BMI ≥ 25) and 130 healthy men IIEF-5 (26-30) normal weight (BMI <25). Single nucleotide polymorphisms rs727428 [C / T]; rs5934505 [C / T]; rs10822184 [T / C], were determined by the TaqMan method. Also, levels of SHBG, total testosterone, and serum albumin were measured. The rs 5934505 SNP is associated with ED affected by obesity (p = 0.004) in comparison with the control group. No association of rs5934505 polymorphism with lipid metabolism and sex hormone levels has been detected. The rs727428 polymorphism affects the level of total testosterone (p = 0.001) and albumin (p = 0.03) while the rs10822184 affects the level of LDL (p = 0.01) and triglycerides (p = 0.04). Thus, rs5934505SNP is associated with erectile dysfunction accompanied by overweight in people of the Kazakh population. This study also reveals that rs727428 affects the level of total testosterone in the Kazakh population.
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