Vol - 29, Issue - 01
About the Journal
[This article belongs to Volume - 29, Issue - 01]
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-15-01-2022-1202
Total View : 474

Abstract : Any surgery carries with it the risk of complications. Complications were defined as any deviation from the normal postoperative course. The post-operative complications are always of concern to surgeons. These complications can result in increased morbidity and mortality. Early identification of risk allows for targeted, anticipatory, appropriate and supportive medical care, which will reduce both the incidence and severity of such complications. The identification of modifiable risk factors gives possibility for early perioperative care, leading to improved outcomes of a surgery. Identification of risk factors can help in improvising the existing ERAS (Enhanced recovery after surgery) protocols. Early identification of postoperative complications and prompt management can reduce the morbidity and mortality. Wound infection (27) was the most common complication among study subjects. Burst abdomen was observed in 7 patients. These complications were mostly associated with emergency abdominal surgeries and in contaminated cases. Hence, care must be taken intraoperatively as well as immediate postoperative period to avoid/minimise such complications. Phlebitis (24) was the second most common complication in our study which in turn is a common cause for postoperative fever. DVT and urinary retention were the least common postoperative complication which occurred in only 2 patients each in our study. Among the risk factors associated with the incidence of postoperative complications, age above 50 years was the major risk factor followed by addictions, which include smoking and alcohol abuse. Hence, it is important to counsel the patient about abstinence of smoking and alcohol consumption for avoiding postoperative complications and early recovery.

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