Vol - 25, Issue - 12
About the Journal
[This article belongs to Volume - 25, Issue - 12]
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-22-11-2020-666
Total View : 434

Abstract : Maternal infant bonding is an emotional maternal-driven process that occurs towards her infant. During postpartum period mothers experience several abrupt changes. Disordered bonding may cause and / or complicate depression, anxiety and stress. The aim of the study is to screen for depression, anxiety, stress, and to determine their correlation with each other and with maternal infant bonding during postpartum period. This study is carried out on 37 mothers from 2nd to 6th month postpartum, attending Basateen Gharb PHC, Cairo, Egypt, for routine follow up visits. The used tools include; Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire (PBQ), Perinatal Anxiety Screening Scale (PASS), Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and Perceived Stress Scale -10 (PSS). They screen for maternal bonding disorders, anxiety, depression and stress, respectively. According to PBQ, 48.6 % (n=18) of participants have disordered bonding; EPDS identified that 51.4% (n=19) of participants suffers from a depressive illness of varying severity. PASS scores classified 35.2% of mothers (n=13) to have severe anxiety symptoms. PSS showed that 64.8% (n=24) of participants experienced high stress score. There was correlation between PBQ & PASS, PBQ & EPDS and PBQ & PSS. Strong correlation (p <0.001) was found between PASS and both EPDS and PSS, as well as between EPDS and PSS. Depressive, anxiety and stress symptoms were significantly more prevalent in mothers with disordered bonding. Bonding disorder, depression, anxiety and stress symptoms were quite prevalent in postpartum mothers. This highlights the importance of assessing postnatal women for possible mental health disorders during routine follow up visits.

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