Vol - 25, Issue - 5
About the Journal
[This article belongs to Volume - 25, Issue - 5]
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-22-04-2020-439
Total View : 254

Abstract : Patients with overweight, obesity and metabolic risks, need professional weight management according to the developed weight control schemes, consisting of diet, exercises and behavioral therapy. The article considers the results of a survey of doctors about modern methods of weight loss and their use in treatment and prevention work with patients with overweight and obesity. The aim of the study provided was to assess the impact of general practitioners’ awareness on weight loss methods in managing patients with somatic diseases. In total one-step cross-sectional assessment was conducted using a survey of 56 primary care physicians about bariatric methods in the treatment of somatic diseases. Medical records followed by participated GPs of 321 patients with a body mass index >35, with manifestations of the metabolic syndrome, was copied. The statistical method included descriptive statistics with an average calculation for quantitative variables. Correlation analysis is performed using the calculation of the Spearman coefficient, to determine the relationship between the level of awareness of GPs and weight loss methods assigned by GPs. A low level of awareness of GPs on drug and surgical weight management was established (1 and 3 points from a 10-point scale, respectively). A direct strong link was established with the level of awareness and the choice of a weight loss method assigned by GPs (p = 0.0000001-0.00000001). The most preferred forms of postgraduate education for obtaining information on modern methods of treatment were determined - scientific and practical conferences and thematic lectures (9.2 and 8.9 points, respectively). Weight management is an important component in the dynamic observation of chronic non-contagious diseases. Creating resources for postgraduate education of primary care physicians implies the inclusion of bariatric methods in the GP training/retraining program, and the development of thematic lectures system

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