Vol - 25, Issue - 3
About the Journal
[This article belongs to Volume - 25, Issue - 3]
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-01-03-2020-307
Total View : 150

Abstract : The rising problem of non-communicable diseases fuelled by rapid urbanization and changing lifestyles recently has brought more challenges to its prevention and control. The World Health Organization reports NCDs to be by far the leading cause of mortality in the world, representing over 70% of all deaths. NCDs, are medical conditions which are non-infectious and non-transmissible between persons. These include cardiovascular diseases, cancers, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases and diabetes mellitus. Since NCDs are of slow progression and of long duration, workplace communities are key areas to the prevention and control by transforming work environment through policy making for occupational safety and health. This vision will materialize if NCD risk factors is well understood for every workplace environment. There are few studies which has investigated NCD risk factors at workplace environment. We evaluated NCD risks among employees in an educational institution in the Philippines. This is a cross sectional descriptive study which investigated 50 tenured regular employees who were more than 5 years in service in a private college. The employees' NCD risks were determined using the four key risk factors: status of smoking, status of alcohol drinking, unhealthy diet, and physical activity and the four intermediate risk factors: obesity, level of blood cholesterol and blood sugar and blood pressure. The lifestyle risks identified among the employees were physical inactivity (64%), and inadequate dietary fibre intake (62%). The proportion of smoking, and alcohol drinking among males is higher (50%) as compared to females (5%). Those identified as smokers were also identified as alcohol drinkers. Significant proportion of the employees have intermediate risk factors, high body mass index (52%), uncontrolled high blood pressure (32%) and high blood cholesterol (34%). Physical inactivity and inadequate dietary fiber intake should be addressed by promoting behavioral changes and by creating a supportive environment in the community. Healthy programs to combat obesity, hypertension and dyslipidaemia is highly recommended

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