Vol - 29, Issue - 03
About the Journal
[This article belongs to Volume - 29, Issue - 03]
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-28-02-2022-1296
Total View : 359

Abstract : Child abuse and neglect are among the frequently occurring issues and the frequently occurring issues and prime concerns of public health faced by children throughout the world. Research studies related to child abuse and neglect in the Bahrain region are underreported. Thus, the study aims to determine the prevalence of different types of abuse in children and the associated factors. In this study, participants were attending primary health care between 18 and 45 years. The participants were surveyed for instances of abuse that occurred before they turned 18 years of age. Prevalence of abuse was assessed using a web-based questionnaire related to child abuse and associated factors with the help of the Arabic ISPCAN Child Abuse Screening Tool - retrospective version (ICAST-R). In this study, 529 subjects were screened for child abuse between 18 and 45 years old, with a mean age of 31.81 ± 7.99 years. Of 529 subjects, 250 (47.26%) underwent at least one of the three cases of abuse. Out of the total subjects, 22.68% faced physical abuse, 29.89% were exposed to emotional abuse, and 12.48% were sexually abused before 18 years. There was a significant association of gender with physical abuse (p=0.003) and place of stay with verbal or emotional abuse (p=0.006). Prevalence of child abuse was 47.26% amongst the patients from primary healthcare centers in the Bahrain region. Gender and place of stay were found to be associated factors.

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