Vol - 25, Issue - 12
About the Journal
[This article belongs to Volume - 25, Issue - 12]
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-15-11-2020-658
Total View : 331

Abstract : The prevalence of chronic venous disease (CVD) ranges between 20-60% and is more common among adults. This wide range may be explained by the different criteria used for patient selection, disease definition, imaging techniques used, and different exposures to risk factors. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of chronic venous disease (CVD) among primary health care attendees in Bahrain as well as risk factors associated with CVD. This is cross-sectional study that was carried out on 415 participants >8 years old attending primary health centers in the Kingdom of Bahrain during the study period from 1st June to 15th June 2015. A Multistage stratified sampling technique was used to recruit the participants. A random selection of nine health centers from five health region in the Kingdom of Bahrain was conducted. Candidate selection from each health center was done using systematic random sampling. The number of candidates in each health center was selected proportionally according to the catchment area in each governorate. Analyses were performed using univariate statistics. The study enrolled a total of 415 participants with an overall mean age of 41±14 years ranging from 18 to 84 years and 62% (n=343) were female. The prevalence of participants with CVD was 27%. CVD was associated with older age (47 vs 39 years; p<0.001), females (81% vs 57%; p<0.001), obese (84 vs 77 kg; p<0.001), family (mother/father) history of venous leg problems (43% vs 14%; p<0.001), those that did less exercise (21% vs 40%; p<0.001), multiparty (4.0 vs 2.6; p<0.001), and menopause (44% vs 16%; p<0.001). CVD was also associated with heavy legs (72% vs 14%; p<0.001), pain in the legs (83% vs 27%; p<0.001), sensation of swelling (59% vs 4.6%; p<0.001), sensation of burning (38% vs 10%; p<0.001), night cramps (56% vs 9.6%; p<0.001), itching (26% vs 4.6%; p<0.001) and sensation of pins/needles (49% vs 6.3%; p<0.001). A significant proportion of the participants (27%) had chronic venous disease underlining the importance of adequate and early screening for CVD as well as early referral to specialist physicians.

Our Certificates
Certificates
Certificates
Certificates
Certificates
Certificates
Certificates
Certificates
Certificates
Certificates
Certificates
Certificates
//