Vol - 28, Issue - 03
About the Journal
[This article belongs to Volume - 28, Issue - 03]
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-03-03-2021-777
Total View : 455

Abstract : Women may be subjected to violence throughout their lifetime, starting from early life up to elderly life. This has a significant consequence on the health and well-being of women and their children. Determining the prevalence of violence against women in Bahrain would help us understand the magnitude of the problem compared with other countries, while understanding the possible associated risk factors may help in prevention and early detection. To explore the prevalence of domestic abuse and the risk factors associated with it among adult women attending primary care centers in the Kingdom of Bahrain. A cross-sectional study included 602 Bahraini women meeting the inclusion criteria, who were asked to share any domestic abuse experience. A questionnaire comprising of 10 questions was used. The reliability of the screening tools was determined using Cronbach’s alpha test. The prevalence of domestic abuse among women attending primary health was 30.1%, while the prevalence rate of more than one type of abuse is only 3.3%. Marital status and marriage duration are associated with a significant p-value. Abused women reported that the main perpetrator was the husband 64.3%, a sibling 21.7%, the father 20.9% and the mother 17.8%. The most significant risk factors for the abuser are either having an aggressive personality (34%) or having a history of previous childhood abuse (29.1%) Domestic violence is prevalent in Bahrain. National screening and education programs should be implemented in order to protect women and minimize the consequences of domestic abuse.

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