Vol - 29, Issue - 01
About the Journal
[This article belongs to Volume - 29, Issue - 01]
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-06-01-2022-1167
Total View : 400

Abstract : The aim of this study was to find the Prevalence of Hepatitis (B, C) in Malakand division, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) province of Pakistan. Cross sectional retrospective study was conducted. The blood sample of all patients who come for their treatment at Anwar Hospital, Saidu Sharif Swat, KPK, Pakistan from January 2021 to 9 June 2021 was screened using own testing facility at hospital. Screening of all Patients for Hepatitis (B, C) was done using Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). The blood of 1155 patients was screened in this study. The prevalence of hepatitis B was 50.83% and hepatitis C prevalence was 35.63%. The highest prevalence was recorded for HBV 152/299 followed by HCV 305/856 in patients between 19-70 age group. The success of these viruses may be mainly determined by changes in population habits. As a result, public health must assess and minimize disease burden and transmission, including routine HBV and HCV infection screening for all individuals. Previous studies claimed a decline in positivity and this study investigated the recent trends in positivity. As indicated by this examination the prevalence of HBV and HCV is high because of unawareness that how it spread among the general population of Malakand division.

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