International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-20-04-2020-437
Total View : 200

Abstract : Individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have been found to have higher risks of depression. A better understanding prevalence depression comorbidity may provide key insight for managing multiple comorbidities in primary care and tailored therapeutic interventions. The purpose of this study was to observe the depression symptoms among T2DM outpatients in Yogyakarta and Sleman primary care based on the patient health questionnaire (PHQ-9). A cross-sectional survey was carried out at six primary health centers of Yogyakarta city. During September to December 2019, diabetes mellitus type 2 patients in Prolanis group was recruited. A pre-validated instrument consisted of sociodemograhics and clinical information and A 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ 9) scale was used. All data obtained were analyzed descriptively, and Chi-square test was used to determine association between variables and depression symptoms. Most of 475 study participants had minimal depression symptoms score based on PHQ-9 questionnaire. The majority of participants experienced fatigue, insomnia, depressed mood, and loss of appetite symptoms. Association between characteristics participants and severity of depression based on PHQ-9 were found in smoking status, diabetes duration, blood glucose control, comorbidities, and complication showed statistically significant. This study showed that mental health problem especially depression found in type 2 diabetes mellitus outpatient in Yogyakarta and Sleman primary care. Association was found regarding smoking status, diabetes duration, blood glucose control, comorbidities, and complications. Mental health should be a concern to medical practitioners since it linked to poor clinical outcomes and self-monitoring blood glucose.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-20-04-2020-435
Total View : 193

Abstract : This study is performed to assess the correlation between some serum cytokine levels with vitamin D status as well as the bone mineral density in blood samples obtained from 100 Iraqi β-thalassemic major matching in age and gender with 100 healthy control subjects whom collected from Al- Alkarama Teaching hospital during December 2018 to August 2019. Measurement serum levels of Transforming growth factor -β, Interleukin -35,Tumor necrotic factor-α, and vitamin D were done using ELISA kits, as well biochemical measurements of serum alkaline phosphatase, inorganic phosphorus, in addition to the serum calcium have been performed through conventional colorimetric methods.Furthermore,the results indicated significant alteration in all serum cytokines studied levels as well biochemical parameters in the β-thalassemic major patients when compared to the healthy control subjects. Our information suggests the presence of severe deficiency of vitamin D, in addition to the imbalanced immune conditions including immunosuppressant and inflammation in the thalassemia β-major patients, that might be changed to extra efficient immune response through the intake antioxidants.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-20-04-2020-434
Total View : 261

Abstract : Breast cancer is one of the most important malignant diseases all over the world. Incidence of breast cancer is increasing around the world and it is still the leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide with an estimated 1.3 million new cases diagnosed annually. As areas become more developed, breast cancer risk factors such as obesity, early menarche, alcohol consumption and smoking, environmental pollution and decreased or late childbearing are becoming more prevalent. In Iraq, breast cancer ranks first among types of cancers diagnosed in women. This study was conducted on one hundred twenty women with breast cancer that were evaluated and investigated for the possible role of the risk factors on the development of breast cancer in females. The work had been conducted in Baghdad Medical City Hospital. Information on data include woman's age of breast cancer, marital status, number of full pregnancies, lactation period, woman’s education, age at menarche, woman's social habit like smoking, hormonal therapy use and family history of breast cancer were collected by self-administered questionnaires. Data were collected and analyzed statistically. Differences were significant at (p˂0.05). It is concluded that there is a strong correlation between breast cancer and the risk factors among most of the parameters used.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-19-04-2020-432
Total View : 195

Abstract : End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is a major public health problem worldwide and lead to extensive epidemiological research in the adult population, including Indonesia. Socio-demographic and clinical factors played an important role for dialysis patient in health-related quality of life (HRQOL). The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship of HRQOL to socio-demographic variables (gen¬der, age, education, and working status) as well as clinical vari¬ables (dialysis duration and comorbidities) in end-stage renal disease patients (ESRD) using EQ-5D measurement. A cross-sectional survey was conducted from June to October 2019. The questionnaire used a validated Indonesian version EQ-5D-5L. The EQ-5D includes a 5-item descriptive system to calculate the EQ-5D index score to determine the health status. Data were analyzed descriptively, and association between factors and HRQOL were analyzed using the Kruskal-Wallis test. The variables are statistically significant with p<0.05. Among 132 respondents, mostly female (56.82%) with higher participants were in 30-45years group and 49.24% were less than senior high school. The reported HRQOL as measured by mean EQ-5D-5L index value showed lower score in pain/discomfort and anxiety/depression dimensions. The results of univariate analysis showed a significant association between HRQOL with gender, age, education, and working status. The study provides a set of utility in patients and significant factors associated with QOL so that the significant interventions which can be developed by the health professionals to support end-stage renal disease patients.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-17-04-2020-430
Total View : 203

Abstract : In this experimental study, we focused on methods of infection control through traditional disinfectant, in an attempt to contain the spread of the disease, which is increasing around the world. Previous studies focused on the different versions of the Coronavirus that appeared from 2003, and the results were similar in terms of prevalence and ways to resist infection on contaminated surfaces, so we assume that these conclusions apply to the new version of the virus because it belongs to the same family of Corona. The study conducted on different disinfection solutions have shown that antiseptics contain The Sodium Hypochlorite of concentration (0.1%) is a magic way for killing covid19 or Coronavirus, this concentration was done by mixing different quantity of bleach and water to reach the right concentration of (0.1%) of Sodium Hypochlorite; of a mix (100 ml) of bleach bottle of (1% ) with (900 ml) of water, mix (50ml) of bleach bottle of (2% ) with (950 ml) of water, mix (33 ml) of bleach bottle of (3% ) with (967 ml) of water, mix (25 ml) of bleach bottle of (4% ) with (975 ml) of water, and mix (20 ml) of bleach bottle of (5% ) with (980 ml) of water. The (concentration 0.1%) effective against coronaviruses. According to various studies, if infected contaminated surfaces and areas are cleared with appropriate concentrations of these disinfectants, they reduce the number of infectious coronaviruses particles to only a few within one minute. So it is very easy to eliminate them with disinfectants of any type affect this virus and reduce its focus on surfaces, but It is preferable to be in suitable concentrations, to eliminate the virus.
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