International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-16-02-2020-262
Total View : 124

Abstract : The concept of self-care among patients with hypertension was used frequently in the literature. However, the concept was used inconsistently, different concepts were used to indicate for self-care. Further, the concept of self-care lacks clarity and was used differently by authors from different disciplines. To increase the understanding of the self-care concept through identifying its surrogate/related terms, definitions, attributes, antecedents and consequences. In this paper, Rodgers' evolutionary method was used to trace the evolution of self-care concept among patients with hypertension. The following data bases were systematically searched Scopus, EBSCO, Pubmed and MEDLINE. Articles used were published in English during 1981-2018. A total of 61 articles were included. Analysis yielded nine surrogate/related terms, nine attributes, eight antecedents and three consequences. The concept of self-care among patients with hypertension was not consistent in the literature. Being consistent in addressing the concept of self- care will enhance the development of empirical and theoretical knowledge.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-16-02-2020-261
Total View : 136

Abstract : The article mentioned the emotional support strategy for children who were sexually abused. Emotional support methods were based on the psychotherapies for non-professional use. The researcher used case study methods on a female child who was sexually abused, combined with observation, psychometric and empirical tests. Through the 3-steps process of being supported: [1] Non-directive play, [2] Life value education, [3] Simple visualization exercises, child’s negative emotions have gradually decreased. This result opened up initial applications of emotional support strategies for children who have been sexual-abused especially for non-specialist counseling and psychotherapy teams: social workers, homeroom teachers and parents; and provided the health care support’s network for children in the community.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-16-02-2020-259
Total View : 128

Abstract : Diabetic kidney disease (DKD) is the most prevalent cause of chronic kidney disease, Due to decreased sensitivity of microalbuminuria for early detection of DKD, there is new shift to other markers for early detection and prediction of DKD and to delay or prevent the development of end stage renal disease. To evaluate fibroblast growth factor 21(FGF21) as an early marker of diabetic kidney disease. 176 participants were involved and divided into 4 groups; group I comprised 44 healthy volunteers, group II comprised 44 patients with type 2 diabetes with normoalbumiuruia, group III comprised 44 patients with type 2 diabetes with microalbuminuria and group IV comprised 44 patients with type 2 diabetes with macroalbuminuria. All participants were submitted to detail clinical examination, laboratory investigations, complete blood count, urine analysis, fasting blood glucose (FBG), random blood glucose (RBG), glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c), serum creatinine, eGFR, albumin creatinine ratio (ACR), lipid profile and serum FGF21 levels assays. FGF21 levels were significantly higher in albuminuria groups than diabetic with normoalbuminuria and control groups. FGF21 was positively correlated with duration of diabetes, FBG, RBG, HbA1C, s.creatinine, ACR, total cholesterol (TC) and triglycerides (TG). At cutoff value more than 492pg/ml, FGF-21 yielded 82.2% sensitivity and 89.1% specificity for the differentiation of microalbuminuria. Serum FGF21 could be used as an early marker for diagnosis and identifying DKD.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-16-02-2020-257
Total View : 114

Abstract : Irisin was found in cerebrospinal fluid and the paraventricular nucleus in humans suggesting that it has central as well as peripheral metabolic functions. No data available demonstrating the effect of upper or lower motor neuron lesion on irisin levels. We hypothesized that irisin levels are changed after motor neuron lesion and these changes are correlated with body weight changes observed after UMNL or LMNL. 40 male rats were divided into 4 groups; control for UMNL, UMNL group, control for LMNL and LMNL group. Body Weight (BW), Body mass index (BMI), plasma and muscle tissue irisin levels were measured. Highly significant increases in plasma and muscle tissue irisin levels were found in UMNL and LMNL groups compared with control groups (p≤0.001 and p≤0.05). Significant reductions in BW and BMI were found in UMNL and LMNL groups compared with their control groups (p≤0.05). Also, a significant negative correlation was found between irisin and body weight (r*=- 0.7975, p≤0.05) and body mass index (r*= - 0.9792, p≤0.05) in all groups. We suggested that irisin might have an important role in weight reduction observed UMNL and LMNL.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-16-02-2020-256
Total View : 128

Abstract : The increase in caesarean section rates seems uncontrollable, with no signs that it is slowing down. This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted during the period from the 1st of January through June 2019 in four major teaching hospitals in Baghdad. The study was designed to be of two parts; the first targeted women to search for reasons behind choosing caesarean section as a mode of delivery, the second part included 30 obstetricians to dig for their opinion about that. The major medical reason was Cephalo-pelvic disproportion (27.8%), 87% of the women reported fear from normal vaginal delivery, 61% think that it is safer than vaginal delivery, 37% got a strong advice from her obstetrician to do caesarean. The results revealed that 84.5% of the women have an intention to have another caesarean in the next pregnancy. Twenty-nine (96.7%) of the obstetricians think that most of the cases of caesarean are not indicated, while 56.7% attributed that to money as it is usually done in private hospitals. Caesarean section is becoming a trend that may substitute normal vaginal delivery due to the "pushing" of the obstetricians and the increasing preference of women to lessen the pain.
Full article

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