International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal. Azerbaijan Medical Journal Gongcheng Kexue Yu Jishu/Advanced Engineering Science Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-29-03-2020-376
Total View : 171

Abstract : The host defense mechanism consists of innate immunity that provides immediate protection against infection and adaptive immunity that develops more slowly, but provide more specific protection against infection. The first line of defense in the innate immunity performed by the skin and mucous epithelial barrier as well as by cells and natural antibiotics that are in the epithelium, which all serve to inhibit the entry of microbes. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are homologous proteins on the membrane of antigen-presenting cells (APC), which serves as a functional receptor that activates leukocytes to triggers the innate immune response against pathogens. The interaction between the microbial host cells and micro-organisms occurs when certain molecules are recognized by TLRs in cells of the body, particularly in intestinal epithelial cells and immune cells. TLRs are the first line of defense against pathogens, which have an important role in innate immunity. TLR-4 receptors were first discovered in humans and can recognize lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of gram-negative bacteria. One of the types of gram-negative bacteria is bacterium Salmonella typhi.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-29-03-2020-375
Total View : 171

Abstract : The mortality rate due to cardiovascular disease in Kazakhstan is two times higher than in European countries.  Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is developed in Kazakhstan very quickly for many years. But there is no information about outcomes of CABG. The objective of investigation was to analyze the short-term outcomes after CABG in Kazakhstan during 2012-2018 years. This registry-based historical cohort study obtained data on all patients who underwent CABG in East Kazakhstan and Pavlodar regions of Kazakhstan between 2012 and 2018. Data are presented as the means ± standard deviation or as frequencies and percentage. The incidence rates were calculated as the number of cases per 100000 person-years of follow-up and 95% CI. Factors associated with survival were studied using Kaplan–Meier curves. A total of 4337 subjects were underwent CABG. Of these, 3198 were male, 1139 were female. The mean time to CABG was 14,96  days (SD=6,48). A total of 74 patients (1,7%) died after the surgery during in-hospital period. The mean follow-up time was significantly higher in women than in men (16,7  vs. 7,6 days, log rank p = 0.012). The mean follow-up time for patient who died in-hospital period was 10,4 (95%CI:7,6-13,3) days. Kaplan-Meier analysis of freedom from mortality revealed no significant difference between diseases (χ2=6,259, df=5, p=0,282).  In-hospital mortality rate was higher in women than in men. Mortality rate was higher in patients who were admitted by emergency service. In-hospital follow-up time was significantly lower in men than in women. Freedom from mortality revealed no significant difference between diseases..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-28-03-2020-374
Total View : 160

Abstract : Cardiorespiratory endurance is an important aspect of health affecting the physical andmental activities of an individual. Little is known about the level of physical fitness among young adults inthe UAE. The present study was undertaken to assess Cardiorespiratory Endurance in Terms of PFI andVO2max among Gulf Medical University Students, Correlate PFI with Vo2max, and Compare thecardiorespiratory endurances between male and female students and Arabs and non-Arabs. Thisexperimental study was done on 78 healthy male and female students in the age group of 17 to 25 yearsfrom different nationalities and ethnicity. The cardiorespiratory endurance was assessed using HST. BMI,PFI (long form) and Vo2max (indirectly) were calculated and the Participants were categorized according toBMI, PFI, and Vo2max reference ranges. The data were presented as percentages and mean + SD. Studentpaired t-test was used to determine the difference in PFI and VO2max between Males and Females andArabs and non-Arabs. Pearson correlation coefficient was used to determine the correlation between PFI andVO2max at p < 0.05. Over 60% of Arabs (45.7+5.07) and non-Arabs (46.3+4.42) and females (46.0+3.81)and males (45.6+6.07) were having poor PF. As for VO2max, most students of both genders (males; (55%,42.0+4.26), females; (61%, 36.2+3.00)) and ethnicities (Arabs; (46%, 38.5+4.62), Non-Arabs; (79%,39.6+4.74)) found having average VO2max. Students were predominantly in the poor PF category and havean average VO2max indicating poor to average Cardiorespiratory endurance. A significant positivecorrelation was found between PFI and VO2max.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-26-03-2020-372
Total View : 137

Abstract : One of the major complications of venous access ports placement especially in cancer patients scheduling for chemotherapy is infection. We aimed to investigate the frequency of catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) originated from chemotherapy catheter in children undergoing chemotherapy. All cancer patients referred to the Hematology department at Ali Asghar Pediatric Hospital during 2006 to 2016 who underwent chemoport treatment were included into this retrospective cross-sectional study. CRBSI was considered is children with a portal chemotherapy with at least one positive blood culture obtained from a peripheral vein and catheter tip, clinical manifestations of infections, and no apparent source for this infection, except the catheter. Overall, 36.42% of the subjects had chemotherapy port and 63.58% had no chemotherapy port. In total, 18.87% of all patients had blood infection and 81.13% had no infection. The rate of chemotherapy catheter insertion was strongly associated with higher rate of positive blood culture for infection (p < 0.001). In this regard, the rate of infection in the children with and without catheter was reported to be 64.9% and 29.8% respectively (p < 0.001). The most common bacterial strain discovered by blood culture in both groups with and without catheter was micrococcus subfamily. Regarding clinical outcome in those subgroups of children with and without chemotherapy port, the death rate was found to be 2.7% and 0.5% respectively with no difference (p > 0.05). CRBSI is a common event in children suffering chemotherapy especially in higher ages.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-25-03-2020-369
Total View : 120

Abstract : One of the proper clinical practices applied in emergency medicine departments is the medical technique of procedural sedation and analgesia (PSA). The sedation level should be modified somehow that patients be able to undergo undesirable medical conditions and also preserve normal consciousness and physiological reflexes while being able for considering and responding to tactile or/and verbal stimulations. In spite the fact that the most frequently applied drugs for procedural sedation are broadly safe, but improper dosing or monitoring would increase adverse side effects. It should be noted that applying the technique of procedural sedation in emergency medicine departments may bring risks along. Appropriate medical monitoring from one side, and providing proper accessibility to resuscitation possibilities with the presence of properly educated staffs of emergency units for immediate management of airway and supporting the life of patients in an advanced way from the other side, could decrease the harmful consequences of treatment. For proper screening of compatibility of procedural sedation and evaluation the main risk factors, preprocedural assessment should be done. Patients who have improper airway, are in full stomach condition or have considerable medical diseases should take higher levels of conscious sedation and also should consider alternatives to procedural sedation. The medical professional doctor which is responsible for carrying out procedural sedation must be educated properly from the point view of operation, dose, consequences, side effects and antitoxin of frequently applied sedative analgesics. The recent developed novel and advanced techniques are such as the chemical compound of Inhalational anesthetic, drug delivery system of transmucosal, target controlled sedation (TCS), patient-controlled sedation (PCS) and transnasal esophagoscopy. After procedural sedation process, all patients must be undergoing medical monitoring and also must be kept at the recovery room until they present all required criteria’s for being discharged.
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