International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-12-02-2020-241
Total View : 105

Abstract : Tobacco smoking is a global epidemic and health threat that continues to increase. Nursing students primarily develop their professional roles in smoking cessation during their academic nursing education. The purpose of the study is to examine the effect of smoking (cigarette, Hookah) during student life in his/her university. Using convenience sampling, a descriptive cross-section research design was used. Participants were nursing undergraduate students from AAUP, Palestine. Four hundred and thirteen participants participated in the study. More than half of the participants were smokers 233 (56.4%). Of those who had smoked, about 223 (54.0%) were tobacco smokers while 161 (39.0%) Hookah smoking. Around 52.8% of participants complain of headaches, 44.2% of participants complain of nervousness, and 3% of participants complain of hand tremors. A moderate relationship between smoking and gender while a small relationship with age, but there was no relationship with GPA. According to smoking Hookah, no relationship with gender or age, while a moderate relationship with GPA. The high percentage of smoking in 21-24 years. A moderate relationship between smoking and gender while a small relationship with age, but there was no relationship with GPA. According to smoking Hookah, no relationship with gender or age, while a moderate relationship with GPA. The study showed that the participants feel headache, nervousness, and a little effect hand tremor.
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International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-12-02-2020-240
Total View : 130

Abstract : Typhoid fever is a infectious disease caused by Salmonella typhi (S.typhi), and is one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity of deaths worldwide. New antibacterial sources can be obtained from bioactive compounds contained in a plant, one of which is from the seagrass Thalassia hemprichii contains bioactive compounds that have the potential to be antibacterial, antifungal, anti-protozoa, antiviral, antifertility, and medicinal substances that affect the cardiovascular system, and have bioactive potential as antioxidants, and also contain phenolic compounds. This study aims to prove that the Thalassia hemprichii extract influences the Toll-Like Receptor 4 (TLR4) mRNA expression in the BALB/c mice when administered with the Thalassia hemprichii extract, before and after injected with S. typhi. The mRNA extraction uses the guanidium thiocyanate (GuSCn) and the examination of TLR4 mRNA expression by the Realtime PCR. The results of this study revealed that there was an influence of the Thalassia hemprichii extract on TLR4 mRNA expression on the BALB/c mice both in before and after injected with S. typhi.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-12-02-2020-239
Total View : 153

Abstract : With modern fracture management techniques, there is the possibility of anatomic acetabular fracture, the risk of post-traumatic arthritis, and the need for hip arthroplasty. few studies have evaluated outcomes of postponed total hip arthroplasty in acetabular fracture patients. So, the aim of this study was to evaluate the total hip arthroplasty in patients previously treated with internal fixation, to pay more attention to the details of this type of surgery and to minimize surgical complications. In this prospective study 20 patients with secondary degenerative joint disease (DJD) or avascular necrosis (AVN) following Internal Fixation surgery of Acetabular fracture, were enrolled. All subjects underwent a second surgery of Total Hip Arthroplasty during 2010-2013 in Imam Hossein Hospital. The patients were followed up every 6 months. Surgical outcome was measured on the basis of Harris criteria in addition to x-ray studies aimed to assess loosening and heterotopic ossification. 20 patients were involved in our study who had previously undergone surgery due to acetabular fracture. The mean age at the time of surgery was 28.3 ± 0.97 years. Vehicle accidents were the most common mechanism of injury in these patients and most patients suffered from Pos. Column fracture, on average after 0.25± 4.9 years’ patients became candidate for hip replacement surgery due to severe DJD. The patients were followed for a mean duration of 2.85 ± 0.22 years in which surgical complications occurred in two cases; infection was diagnosed in one while the other experienced hematoma. When evaluating the patients based on Harris criteria, most patients had an excellent outcome while a poor outcome was reported in none of the cases. According to our results, hip arthroplasty is an appropriate approach in the treatment of secondary DJD and AVN. It can even lead to optimal results in young patients. KEY WORDS: Total Hip Arthroplasty, Acetabular Fracture, avascular necrosis, complications 1. INTRODUCTION Acetabulum is one of the main weight-bearing joints which is involved in all body movements. Accordingly, it should be quite smooth and step less compatible with the motion of the femur [1]. Acetabular fractures are complex intraarticular injuries that occur in a bimodal distribution, typically in young patients with trauma and severe bleeding and in elderly patients with low energy loss in osteoporosis regulation [2]. Although modern fracture management techniques reduce the almost R. Zandi, et,al, 2020 International Medical Journal 1024 anatomical fractures of these fractures, there is still the risk of post-traumatic arthritis [3]. With the increase in vehicle accidents in recent years, a greater number of cases with pelvic and acetabular fractures have been witnessed. This increased failure amount was typically founded in cemented acetabular components and was ascribable to factors such as the relatively younger population, unusual anatomy after trauma, sclerotic bone bed, loss of acetabular bone stock, and complications involving previous hardware [4]. Previously, heavy and prolonged tractions were used for treating such fractures. In the mentioned procedure given that the anatomic reduction is often not fully reached, it usually results in unsmooth surface of the joint and Degenerative Joint Disease (DJD) and these patients have to undergo hip arthroplasty [5]. However, the high levels of non-union and the level of pelvic discontinuity which need to be improved before hip arthroplasty have to be reported [6]. Moreover, the patients’ bed rest is associated with problems such as bedsores and disability. Therefore, today open surgery with the use of internal fixation is highly recommended [7]. Most available literature has addressed the results of arthroplasty after previous non-surgical treatment of acetabular fractures; reporting good outcomes in 60%-90% of such patients [8]. However, a meta-analysis study showed that 13-44% of patients treated for acetabular fracture with open reduction and internal fixation, developed posttraumatic arthritis. posttraumatic arthritis may have crippling consequences after acetabular fractures, and hip arthroplasty are often needed to correct clinical progression of symptoms [9]. It has also been reported that 9% of acetabular fracture patients required hip arthroplasty surgery on average two years after initial surgery [10]. Topical tissue changes, including scar tissue, bone density changes and infection, can make this surgery a challenging task for surgeons and may eventually make subsequent THA revisions [11]. Unfortunately, this type of surgery is also associated with complications such as DJD and avascular necrosis (AVN) which can be managed by arthroplasty [12]..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-12-02-2020-238
Total View : 228

Abstract : Chronic laryngitis caused by fungal infection is rare. In immunocompromised patients such as severe diabetes mellitus, patients on long term steroid therapy and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) infection; systemic fungal infections are well known. Candidiasis of the esophagus and larynx are well reported worldwide but very few reports on primary infection of the larynx by dermatophytes genus of Trichophyton. Fungal laryngitis can mimic the presentation of malignancy or tuberculosis of the larynx. In this case report, we described an HIV patient who presented with chronic odynophagia in which the laryngoscopic examination revealed a fungating mass. Tissue biopsy taken and histology showed no malignancy but mycology study successfully cultured Trichophyton violaceum. He responded well to intravenous fluconazole treatment and recovered fully.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-12-02-2020-237
Total View : 405

Abstract : With modern fracture management techniques, there is the possibility of anatomic acetabular fracture, the risk of post-traumatic arthritis, and the need for hip arthroplasty. few studies have evaluated outcomes of postponed total hip arthroplasty in acetabular fracture patients. So, the aim of this study was to evaluate the total hip arthroplasty in patients previously treated with internal fixation, to pay more attention to the details of this type of surgery and to minimize surgical complications. In this prospective study 20 patients with secondary degenerative joint disease (DJD) or avascular necrosis (AVN) following Internal Fixation surgery of Acetabular fracture, were enrolled. All subjects underwent a second surgery of Total Hip Arthroplasty during 2010-2013 in Imam Hossein Hospital. The patients were followed up every 6 months. Surgical outcome was measured on the basis of Harris criteria in addition to xray studies aimed to assess loosening and heterotopic ossification. 20 patients were involved in our study who had previously undergone surgery due to acetabular fracture. The mean age at the time of surgery was 28.3 ± 0.97 years. Vehicle accidents were the most common mechanism of injury in these patients and most patients suffered from Pos. Column fracture, on average after 0.25± 4.9 years’ patients became candidate for hip replacement surgery due to severe DJD. The patients were followed for a mean duration of 2.85 ± 0.22 years in which surgical complications occurred in two cases; infection was diagnosed in one while the other experienced hematoma. When evaluating the patients based on Harris criteria, most patients had an excellent outcome while a poor outcome was reported in none of the cases. According to our results, hip arthroplasty is an appropriate approach in the treatment of secondary DJD and AVN. It can even lead to optimal results in young patients.
Full article

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