International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-14-05-2020-464
Total View : 264

Abstract : Odontogenic keratocyst OKC is a benign cyst of odontogenic origin. It accounts about 10% of all odontogenic cysts. It is characterized by a high rate of cell proliferation; relapse and locally aggressive growth guiding the type of surgical treatment choice and, consequently, the prognosis.The aim of this study is to determine the recurrence rate of odontogenic keratocyst after enucleation with peripheral ostectomy. A cross sectional study was conducted from Feb. 2015 to Jan. 2020. The patients included in this study were12 (4 females and 8 males), aged from 22 to 38 years old. Ten lesions were in the mandible and two in the maxilla. The distribution of the lesions as follow: 8 in the posterior mandible region, 2 in the anterior mandible, and one for each anterior maxilla and posterior maxilla. The size of OKCs lesions ranged from 1*1.5cm to 3*4 cm. The follow up after the surgery with enucleation and peripheral ostectomy with surgical round bur was from 6 months to 4 years. From all of the 12 OKCs, only one cyst recurred which was sized 1.5*2 cm in the anterior mandible region. The recured lesion managed by curettage only with curette under general anesthesia. Peripheral ostectomy is less invasive procedure for management of OKSc in comparison with resection, and associated with lower recurrence rate when compared with other maneuvers such as enucleation with or without carnoy's solution or liquid nitrogen and mursupialization alone or followed with enucleation.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-14-05-2020-463
Total View : 247

Abstract : Diarrheal disease is considered a significant health problem, principally in developing countries as it is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality especially in infants. Studies found that STEC strains are among the most predominant causative agents in acute diarrhea. The current study aimed to investigate the presence of certain virulence factors and antibacterial susceptibility profile of STEC originating from diarrheal patients of Iraq. A total of 161 human of different ages suffering from diarrhea between August 2019 to February 2019 were registered in this study. Standard bacterial cultural and biochemical methods were used to isolate E. coli species while, PCR was applied to distinguish some virulence genes (stx1, stx2) of STEC isolates. A total of 19 (12 %) isolates were identified as STEC bacterium, and 142(88 %) isolates were non-STEC. Nine isolates of the STEC serotypes were O157. Susceptibilities of 19 STEC isolates were determined for 16 antibacterial drugs. STEC O157 strains and STEC Non-O157 exhibited highest resistance to ampicillin (100%), and (63%) resistance to Cephalosporin group and low resistance (5.6 %) to gentamicin and Amikacin. Also results showed that STEC were the major causes of diarrhea that showed resistant to commonly used antibacterial agents.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-13-05-2020-461
Total View : 322

Abstract : Myogenic Temporomandibular disorder is considered a general condition with patients visiting dental clinics. Etiology due to malocclusion, mechanical trauma, psychological stress, and stroke parafunctional activity. The current study was aimed to evaluate the therapeutic effects of diode laser at 940 nm compared with pharmacotherapy. Forty patients were diagnosed with pain in Temporomandibular Joint region and limited mouth opening have divided into two groups: first group received six-session laser therapy(n=25) for two weeks and second group received Indomethacin, Diazepam, and Paracetamol- Orphenadrine citrate (n= 15) for two weeks. Pain Intensity and maximum painless mouth opening were measured. Collection of results were done pre-treatment, post-treatment, and followed for 6 months. The Data had statistically analyzed using Shapiro- Wilk's test and Quade test using SPSS Statistics V. 20. The significant difference was p< 0.05. The laser therapy showed better maximum painless mouth opening during 3 months with less recurring symptoms of disorder.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-12-05-2020-460
Total View : 343

Abstract : The caries arrest and prevention effect of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) offers a non-invasive and reasonable treatment option in comparison to invasive restorative treatment modalities. However, the staining effect of SDF might force Parents/Guardians (P/G) to reject such treatment due to the change in child esthetic. This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate P/G perceptions of SDF staining produced on anterior and posterior teeth of children with cooperative and uncooperative behaviours. The study model included 62 P/G attended a private pediatric dental clinic centre in Baghdad/Iraq. The P/G accompanied children aged 3-5 years with a high risk of dental caries. Two clear and easy to complete questionnaires were dispensed to the P/G and health care providers to report their responses about SDF staining effect and child cooperation respectively. SDF solution applied to carious lesions of primary teeth by health care providers. Standardised digital images before and after treatment were shown to the P/G to rate whether dark staining is an acceptable or unacceptable result. Responses were analysed using the chi-square test in SPSS software. The results showed a significant association between the P/G acceptance or unacceptance of staining and the area of treatment. Generally, P/G accepted staining on posterior teeth more than anterior teeth especially for those children with un-cooperative behaviour. In conclusion, change in esthetic is a prime concern that affects P/G perception of the treatment between anterior and posterior teeth. However, child behaviour can significantly modulate that perception.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-12-05-2020-458
Total View : 348

Abstract : Within the period of 2009-2015 there were 4241 cases of mortality from coronary heart disease (CHD) in Nur-Sultan city with a gradual decline from 840 cases in 2009 to 510 cases in 2015. As patient age increases, there is a higher mortality rate, which achieves the highest values in age stratum of >75 years. Out of those individuals who are younger than 75 years, the majority were males, while in the senile age group (>75 years), there were two times more females than males. Both women and men had increased mortality rates during the warm season (April-October). There was a significant relationship between average daily air temperature (tav) with lags of 1 and 3 days. With a decrease in ambient air temperature equal to 1°C, the mortality rate increased from 0.993 to 0.994 times, while with the increase in air temperature, the mortality declined, correspondingly. Mortality from CHD decreased together with the increase in effective (ET) and equivalently effective (EET) temperature by 1 °C by 2.17 % and 1.52 %, respectively with the exception of people aged 45-59 years. In patients with CHD aged 18-44 years, an increase in ET by 1ºC was accompanied by the decrease in mortality equal to 0.33 %. An increase in EET by 1°C among the elderly and senile patients reduced the mortality from CHD by 0.45% and 0.48%, respectively. In general, an increase in the average relative air humidity by 1 % leads to the decrease in mortality from CHD by 0.21 %.
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