International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal. Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption Fa yi xue za zhi Dianzi Yu Xinxi Xuebao/Journal of Electronics and Information Technology Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-29-03-2020-375
Total View : 172

Abstract : The mortality rate due to cardiovascular disease in Kazakhstan is two times higher than in European countries.  Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is developed in Kazakhstan very quickly for many years. But there is no information about outcomes of CABG. The objective of investigation was to analyze the short-term outcomes after CABG in Kazakhstan during 2012-2018 years. This registry-based historical cohort study obtained data on all patients who underwent CABG in East Kazakhstan and Pavlodar regions of Kazakhstan between 2012 and 2018. Data are presented as the means ± standard deviation or as frequencies and percentage. The incidence rates were calculated as the number of cases per 100000 person-years of follow-up and 95% CI. Factors associated with survival were studied using Kaplan–Meier curves. A total of 4337 subjects were underwent CABG. Of these, 3198 were male, 1139 were female. The mean time to CABG was 14,96  days (SD=6,48). A total of 74 patients (1,7%) died after the surgery during in-hospital period. The mean follow-up time was significantly higher in women than in men (16,7  vs. 7,6 days, log rank p = 0.012). The mean follow-up time for patient who died in-hospital period was 10,4 (95%CI:7,6-13,3) days. Kaplan-Meier analysis of freedom from mortality revealed no significant difference between diseases (χ2=6,259, df=5, p=0,282).  In-hospital mortality rate was higher in women than in men. Mortality rate was higher in patients who were admitted by emergency service. In-hospital follow-up time was significantly lower in men than in women. Freedom from mortality revealed no significant difference between diseases..
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International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-28-03-2020-374
Total View : 167

Abstract : Cardiorespiratory endurance is an important aspect of health affecting the physical andmental activities of an individual. Little is known about the level of physical fitness among young adults inthe UAE. The present study was undertaken to assess Cardiorespiratory Endurance in Terms of PFI andVO2max among Gulf Medical University Students, Correlate PFI with Vo2max, and Compare thecardiorespiratory endurances between male and female students and Arabs and non-Arabs. Thisexperimental study was done on 78 healthy male and female students in the age group of 17 to 25 yearsfrom different nationalities and ethnicity. The cardiorespiratory endurance was assessed using HST. BMI,PFI (long form) and Vo2max (indirectly) were calculated and the Participants were categorized according toBMI, PFI, and Vo2max reference ranges. The data were presented as percentages and mean + SD. Studentpaired t-test was used to determine the difference in PFI and VO2max between Males and Females andArabs and non-Arabs. Pearson correlation coefficient was used to determine the correlation between PFI andVO2max at p < 0.05. Over 60% of Arabs (45.7+5.07) and non-Arabs (46.3+4.42) and females (46.0+3.81)and males (45.6+6.07) were having poor PF. As for VO2max, most students of both genders (males; (55%,42.0+4.26), females; (61%, 36.2+3.00)) and ethnicities (Arabs; (46%, 38.5+4.62), Non-Arabs; (79%,39.6+4.74)) found having average VO2max. Students were predominantly in the poor PF category and havean average VO2max indicating poor to average Cardiorespiratory endurance. A significant positivecorrelation was found between PFI and VO2max.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-26-03-2020-372
Total View : 137

Abstract : One of the major complications of venous access ports placement especially in cancer patients scheduling for chemotherapy is infection. We aimed to investigate the frequency of catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) originated from chemotherapy catheter in children undergoing chemotherapy. All cancer patients referred to the Hematology department at Ali Asghar Pediatric Hospital during 2006 to 2016 who underwent chemoport treatment were included into this retrospective cross-sectional study. CRBSI was considered is children with a portal chemotherapy with at least one positive blood culture obtained from a peripheral vein and catheter tip, clinical manifestations of infections, and no apparent source for this infection, except the catheter. Overall, 36.42% of the subjects had chemotherapy port and 63.58% had no chemotherapy port. In total, 18.87% of all patients had blood infection and 81.13% had no infection. The rate of chemotherapy catheter insertion was strongly associated with higher rate of positive blood culture for infection (p < 0.001). In this regard, the rate of infection in the children with and without catheter was reported to be 64.9% and 29.8% respectively (p < 0.001). The most common bacterial strain discovered by blood culture in both groups with and without catheter was micrococcus subfamily. Regarding clinical outcome in those subgroups of children with and without chemotherapy port, the death rate was found to be 2.7% and 0.5% respectively with no difference (p > 0.05). CRBSI is a common event in children suffering chemotherapy especially in higher ages.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-25-03-2020-369
Total View : 123

Abstract : One of the proper clinical practices applied in emergency medicine departments is the medical technique of procedural sedation and analgesia (PSA). The sedation level should be modified somehow that patients be able to undergo undesirable medical conditions and also preserve normal consciousness and physiological reflexes while being able for considering and responding to tactile or/and verbal stimulations. In spite the fact that the most frequently applied drugs for procedural sedation are broadly safe, but improper dosing or monitoring would increase adverse side effects. It should be noted that applying the technique of procedural sedation in emergency medicine departments may bring risks along. Appropriate medical monitoring from one side, and providing proper accessibility to resuscitation possibilities with the presence of properly educated staffs of emergency units for immediate management of airway and supporting the life of patients in an advanced way from the other side, could decrease the harmful consequences of treatment. For proper screening of compatibility of procedural sedation and evaluation the main risk factors, preprocedural assessment should be done. Patients who have improper airway, are in full stomach condition or have considerable medical diseases should take higher levels of conscious sedation and also should consider alternatives to procedural sedation. The medical professional doctor which is responsible for carrying out procedural sedation must be educated properly from the point view of operation, dose, consequences, side effects and antitoxin of frequently applied sedative analgesics. The recent developed novel and advanced techniques are such as the chemical compound of Inhalational anesthetic, drug delivery system of transmucosal, target controlled sedation (TCS), patient-controlled sedation (PCS) and transnasal esophagoscopy. After procedural sedation process, all patients must be undergoing medical monitoring and also must be kept at the recovery room until they present all required criteria’s for being discharged.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-25-03-2020-367
Total View : 154

Abstract : The highly use of generators creating an alarming level of pollution (air and noise) in all regions of the world. The soot which is impure carbon particles emitteddfrom diesel engines into environment during combustion process is to consider one of the dangerous pollutant due to its direct and broad impact on the respiratory organs and some polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons known for their cancer properties are associated with it. Environmental conditionsshave many serious impacts on the general health of humans-as well as on dental status. The aim of the study was to evaluate caries experience and salivary oxidative stress biomarker (protein carbonyl) in relation to dental caries among a group of diesel generator workers. The sample for this study included 94 workers in diesel generators, their ages were between 20- 49 years. Collection of stimulated salivary samples was carried out under standardized conditions to determine the level of oxidative stress biomarker (protein carbonyl) while caries experience was determined by the Decayed- Missing – Filled Surface index by WHO 1997. The result revealed that caries experience (DMFS, DMFT, DS, MS) was relatively highest among the workers with longer duration and the most component of caries experience was the Missing surfaces (MS) followed by Decayed surface(DS) while the least one was the Filling surfaces (FS), furthermore, the salivary protein carbonyl level was increased approximately with increase duration of work in the field of generators. Saliva considered as a valid and convenient diagnostic biofluid for measurement of oxidant/antioxidants in patients. In this study there was changes in the oxidative stress in the biological systems among the workers with longer duration which can be produced by the exhaustion, of antioxidants and/or by an-overload of oxidants, as a result of this ,the antioxidant defense system become deficient that may,,be important in the inflammatory reactions, also caries experience was approximately,higher=among the=workers with longer duration ,therefore special oral, and general health,,preventive and educational programs are needed for them.
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