International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal. Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption Fa yi xue za zhi Dianzi Yu Xinxi Xuebao/Journal of Electronics and Information Technology Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-28-06-2022-1493
Total View : 389

Abstract : Anesthesia staff commonly have a number of incidences of needle stick and sharp injuries (NSIs), due to their work nature, which has emergency and critical cases. The aim of this study to is identify and examine the factors associated with NSIs incidence among anesthesia staff. A cross-sectional online survey was conducted randomly on a sample of Anesthesia staff working in operating theatres from major hospitals in the Eastern region, of Saudi Arabia. Data on demographic characteristics, history of NSIs, nature of work, compliance with infection control protocols, and knowledge of infection control procedures and disease transmission were collected using a self-administered questionnaire. Data were analyzed with demographic variables by using t-test and ANOVA to find the significant difference. A P value of ≤0.05 is considered for statistical significance. Overall (89.2%) of the participants accidentally suffered NSIs, of which 60.2% said this occurred monthly during routine cases, emergencies, or on-calls, and about (35.5%) reported contamination after their injury. The most commonly reported reason for NSIs was during withdrawing drugs of anesthesia from ampules, needle recapping, and placing a needle in a sharp’s container. Overall, participants had inadequate practices regarding standard precautions. NSIs is a common public health problem in operating rooms among anesthesia staff, particularly during emergencies and stressful work schedules. The promotion of decent working conditions, the elimination of excessive use of injections, and the observance of general precautions will be important for the future control of potential blood-borne pathogens infections from occupational exposure to sharps in this environment..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-27-06-2022-1492
Total View : 450

Abstract : About one-third of all patients with ocular trauma fall in the pediatric category of patients. The present study was planned to assess the epidemiological profile as well as visual acuity of ocular trauma in children. A longitudinal study of children with ocular trauma in the category of 0-16 years was conducted at a tertiary care hospital in central India between 2019-2021. Different epidemiological factors like age, sex, mechanism of injury, cause of injury, and visual prognosis were studied. Out of thirty-two patients, 11 patients were between the ages of 0-5 years of age, 17 patients were between 6-10 years and four were between 1-16 years of age. The female-to-male ratio was 1: 2.2. The closed globe injury was encountered in 17 (53.1%) out of thirty-two patients, of which sixteen patients (50%) belonged to the upper-lower class of Kuppuswamy’s socioeconomic status. The majority (46.87%) of the injuries were caused by toys followed by injuries due to fingernails (21.87). About 15.62% of injuries were due to falls. Nearly 90% of all ocular trauma is avoidable by using appropriate protective eyewear and increasing awareness amongst supervising adults..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-26-06-2022-1490
Total View : 371

Abstract : The recent pandemic of Covid 19 infection had a huge impact on mankind mainly due to high transmissibility and mortality rates. Data from China and New York reported a substantial number of patients with myocardial injury in the Covid 19, but this was mainly based on elevated cardiac Troponin levels [1], [2]. Elevation of Troponin in Covid 19 patient is associated with adverse prognosis and fatal outcome [2], [3]. In theory, causes of myocardial injury in Covid 19 are diverse ranging from myocarditis, microangiopathy, type-I & type-II myocardial infarction and myocardial injury due to cytokine storm [4], [5]. In our opinion it is important that we should recognize the cardiological manifestations among the Covid-19 patients in the early stages of the disease in order to start appropriate therapy accordingly within time, to monitor these patients closely and at the same time prevent unnecessary exposure of health care workers to Covid 19 infection. Therefore, the aim of the study was to explore the incidence of ECG & Echocardiography findings in hospitalized patients with Covid 19 at the very beginning of hospitalization and to assess its relation to cardiac biomarker analysis like Trop-I and D-dimer to evaluate the cardiac function of these patients..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-22-06-2022-1487
Total View : 525

Abstract : Breast and cervical cancer are both the most common and deadliest cancers among women in Morocco. The objective of this study is to determine the risk factors associated with breast and cervical cancer among Moroccan women in the region of Marrakech, Morocco. A cross-sectional, descriptive epidemiological study with analytical purposes was conducted among a sample of 400 women in Marrakech who attend health centers. This study was conducted in November 2019 during a screening survey for breast and cervical cancer. Detailed information on the risk factors of the two cancers studied was collected through a questionnaire. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used as statistical methods for the confirmation of these factors. Our results show that women with breast cancer are between 40 and 49 years old, and between 50 and 54 years old, married, widowed and also single, housewives, practicing handicrafts, have a very low level of education, contracted their first marriage before 30 years old, having breast pathologies and family history of cancer, using the pill as a contraceptive method, not having had multiple pregnancies, undergoing passive smoking, not drinking alcohol, not breastfeeding, having a BMI that tends to obesity and practicing a physical activity that does not meet the standards. On the other hand, women with cervical cancer are between 30 and 59 years old, have housekeeping jobs, are married and widowed, had their first marriage at an early age of 17 and 18, use the pill as a contraceptive method, have multiple pregnancies, do not smoke, do not drink alcohol, are breastfeeding, have a BMI that tends to obesity and are physically active. On the other hand, women with a diet high in meat and low in fruits and vegetables had a high risk of breast and cervical cancer. This work confirms the existence of associations between certain risk factors and the occurrence of breast cancer and cervical cancer in women in the Marrakech region. The results of our study suggest that research and monitoring of these risk factors should be coupled for more effective prevention. Furthermore, larger-scale prospective studies are needed to confirm and complete our results, which must determine even the fractions attributable to each risk factor..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-21-06-2022-1485
Total View : 402

Abstract : Thyroid is an endocrine gland which can be afflicted by various diseases of endocrine, inflammatory or neoplastic origin. The incidence of thyroid malignancy has increased in the recent years and most commonly encountered in younger age groups. The new classification introduced a borderline category of thyroid tumors which significantly impacted pathology practice. This descriptive study was done in at Dr. D. Y. Patil Medical College and Hospital. A total of 50 cases of thyroid tumors were included for this study. Patients were diagnosed according to classification proposed by WHO in 2004 and the slides were reevaluated and the new WHO classification 2017 diagnosis was also applied also old classification was compared with new classification. Among the 50 thyroidectomy specimens, maximum number of cases (34%) were seen in the age group of 31-40 years and only 16% of the cases in 41-50 age group. Comprising 80% of cases, females were higher in number than males. The ratio of female to male being 4:1. On recateogrisation according to new(latest) WHO 2017 classification, tumors were classified into 3 groups as benign, borderline, malignant. In our study malignant tumor constituted 50% of the cases, followed by borderline comprising 26% of the cases followed by benign comprising 24% cases. Diagnosis of borderline group of thyroid tumor should emphasized as Pathologists are no longer forced to decide between benign and malignant—it can be a borderline or precursor tumor and also this group can be closely followed by the surgeons..
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