International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America Teikyo Medical Journal Journal of the Mine Ventilation Society of South Africa Dokkyo Journal of Medical Sciences Tagliche Praxis
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-23-09-2020-617
Total View : 448

Abstract : Two methods of repair are currently available for an abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), open aneurysm surgery, and endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). The purpose of this article is to investigate the morbidity and mortality of all cases of open surgery versus EVAR conducted from 2011 to 2019 at Sina Medical Research and Training Hospital. This research is a retrospective cross-sectional study. The study population consisted of all abdominal aortic aneurysm patients who were treated at Sina Hospital in Tehran from September 2011 to December 2019. All patients who met the inclusion criteria participated in the study. A checklist of required data was prepared and used to extract data from patients' medical case files. Morbidity and mortality information of patients was completed via telephone contact with patients or their families. Analyses were performed using SPSS software with a 5-percent error rate. The sample consisted of 194 patients who were divided into two groups. 73 patients (37.6%) underwent open surgery and 121 patients (62.4%) underwent EVAR. Rates of blood loss and blood transfusion, length of stay in the intensive care unit (ICU), a total length of postoperative hospitalization for patients who underwent open surgery were significantly higher than for those who underwent EVAR (P-value <0.001). Patients who underwent open surgery experienced more renal and cardiac morbidities than those who underwent EVAR (P-value <0.05). Morbidities associated with grafting were significantly greater in patients undergoing EVAR than in those undergoing open surgery (P-value = 0.011). Moreover, the need for intervention for postoperative morbidities was higher in the open surgery repair (OSR) group compared with the EVAR group (P-value = 0.030). The frequency of reoperation was about 3 times higher in the EVAR group in comparison with the OSR group. The frequency of death was higher in the OSR group compared to the EVAR group, so that36.6 and 25.9 of patients in OSR and EVAR groups died, respectively, although this difference was not statistically significant (P-value = 0.123). The mortality probability of patients with a history of CVA and smoking was 3.47 and 2.66 times higher than patients with a negative history of these cases, respectively. The main morbidities of open surgery include renal and cardiac complications, longer hospitalization, and need for more amounts of blood transfusion, while main morbidities of EVAR include graft thrombosis and EVAR associated morbidities (e.g. graft and endoleak migration). However, there is no difference in mortality rates of these two methods.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-21-09-2020-615
Total View : 345

Abstract : Anatomical variations (AVs) of the nose and paranasal sinuses (NPS) are quite common findings on CT scans. However, their effect on chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is still controversial. To estimate the prevalence of AVs of the NPS on CT scans and to assess the association between multiple versus single variant and CRS. A cross-sectional study was conducted in the Al-Ramadi Teaching Hospital during the period from 1st January 2018 to 31st March 2019. We reviewed the CT scans of the patients with suggestive symptoms and signs of CRS. Group A (n=153 75.4%) CT scans were associated with AVs of the NPS. Seventy- eight with and 75 without radiological features of sinusitis. While group B (n=50 24.6%) were not detected any variants, 24 with and 26 without features of sinusitis. There was no statistically significant difference between the 2 groups (p-value>0.05). There were 11 AVs detected, the septal deviation 63% was the commonest one. Most of the AVs of the NPS were multiple (2 or more) 99 (64.7%). A 49 (49.5%) of them associated with features of sinusitis. There was a statistically significant difference (pvalue <0.05) between those with multiple and those with single AVS concerning the radiological features of sinusitis. AVs of the sinonasal region are common findings on CT scans. A deviated nasal septum is the commonest AVs. Most of our patients contain more than 2 AVs and they were more vulnerable to sinusitis.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-21-09-2020-614
Total View : 356

Abstract : Brass flakes, dusts and fumes cause lung diseases are poised to become major health problem in brass sector. Cough, phlegm, chronic bronchitis and dyspnoea were significantly higher among brass workers. Therefore, this study is intended to explore the relation of socio-demographic and work related factors with respiratory health problems among brass industry workers in order to provide useful information for any possible brass flakes and gas control strategies. This was a cross sectional study aiming to assess the relation of socio-demographic characteristics and work related factors with respiratory health problems among workers of 10 brass industries of two villages, Kaissa para and Hindu para in Dhamrai upazilla, Dhaka, Bangladesh from 1st January 2017 to 31st December 2017. Total 124 sample was collected by convenient sampling technique. Among 113 respondents, 77% had been suffering respiratory health problems and rest of the participants 23% were healthy. About 9.7% were suffering from cough with phlegm for 3 months or more & rest of the respondents 90.3% were not suffering from cough with phlegm. About 96% were suffering from wheezing with shortness of breath, and 85% were not suffering from wheezing with shortness of breath. The policy makers and the factory owners should be concerned about the occupational health and safety problems of the workers specially the respiratory diseases due to brass flakes, dust and gas which would help to take necessary steps to overcome their respiratory problems.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-16-09-2020-613
Total View : 303

Abstract : Appendicitis is considered as one of the most common abdominal conditions requiring surgical intervention. The appendectomy, like most surgical procedures, has its own complications and therefore should only be done when indicated. Case series have reported the incidence of negative appendectomy in many different parts of the world including western nations. A high rate of negative appendectomy is unacceptable. At the same time, surgeons should aim to prevent perforation at all costs. For this reason, considerable efforts are now being made to improve diagnostic accuracy and prevent unnecessary appendectomies. All case files of patients who underwent appendectomies at Al-Karak Teaching Hospital in Jordan between January 2014 and December 2015 were reviewed. Demographic data, symptoms, signs on presentation, intra-operative findings, and histological reports on the excised vermiform appendixes were extracted from the case files and analyzed. The incidence of negative appendectomy in our study was 18% with no difference in incidence between genders. The incidence of negative appendectomy observed at Al-Karak Teaching Hospital is near or around that reported by most studies. This alarming figure clearly indicates the need for accurate diagnostic procedures to confirm the diagnosis of acute appendicitis. Further studies and evaluations are warranted.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-15-09-2020-612
Total View : 444

Abstract : Government funded health systems are the hallmarks of welfare states. They always suffer from over-burden and are underfunded. This results in painful waiting lists and long clinics. In- order to reduce the sufferings of patients attending surgical outpatient clinic, innovative initiative of telephone clinic was taken five years ago. This study was conducted to assess success and find areas or groups requiring attention. A retrospective analysis of prospectively maintained database was done. First 1000 patients given appointment from January 2015 in telephone clinic were found using the Hospital In-Patient Enquiry (HIPE) reporting system. Characteristics regarding age, gender and procedure performed were recorded and the effect of these characteristics on attendance and outcome of clinic was analyzed to find any relation. The mean age of the patients in the study was 50.6 years with 477 males and 523 females comprising 47.7% and 52.3% respectively. The largest group was of 402 given appointment to outline their endoscopic findings followed by 198 patients who underwent laparoscopic procedures like appendectomies, hernias and adhesiolysis etc. Analysis found that out of the patients who attended the telephone clinic 71.5% were discharged after first appointment. There was no relation found between attendance, discharge based on gender p=0.51 and 0.60 respectively. But a statistically significant relation was found between attendance, discharges and “Millennial generation” p=0.029 and 0.002 respectively. Telephone clinics are safe, costeffective, convenient and a patient friendly alternative to conventional clinics. They are safe and convenient alternative to conventional clinic with comparable attendance.
Full article

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