International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal. Azerbaijan Medical Journal

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-16-11-2020-662
Total View : 433

Abstract : Anatomy is a fundamental component of medical and paramedical study. In recent years, technology has presented new opportunities for how anatomy teaching is delivered the nature of supporting resources. Of the various materials used, anatomical videos have become among the most common; they have significantly altered how anatomy education is delivered. However, there is limited research exploring the purpose of using anatomy videos to teach anatomy. Female students attending practical sessions at the medical collages of Najran University were taught anatomy through videos. The student’s academic achievement levels were compared against those students who received anatomy training through traditional methods. The students’ progress was monitored, and particular attention was paid to the progress of those students who were struggling with anatomy. The study into the effect of delivery methods upon academic achievement was run for one semester. Also, qualitative measure of the students’ perceptions of the usefulness of anatomical videos as a learning resource was obtained through a questionnaire. The students’ results obtained from the 2020 academic year, which used anatomical video, was compared against those of students in the 2018 and 2019 years who were taught using conventional methods. The results from the questionnaires indicate that 65% of students reported the anatomical videos to be beneficial to their learning. They found the videos help them understand anatomy better and were useful for revising what had been covered in the practical sessions. The use of videos to teach anatomy is beneficial in supporting the learning of medical and paramedical students. These tools help students learn, as reflected in their academic performance. Based upon our findings, anatomists should include anatomy videos in their teaching programmes..
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International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-15-11-2020-661
Total View : 400

Abstract : Presence of proteinuria is considered as an early marker of an increased risk of pro gressive kidney disease. Dipstick urinalysis for proteinuria and hematuria has been used to screen renal disease, but evidence of the clinical impact of this test on development of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) is lacking. To assess the risk factors and prevalence of proteinuria in asymptomatic women. Descriptive cross-sectional community based study, was conducted in the Taif city. Taif governorate is classified as a category (A) governorate and it consists of 19 administrative centers, of which eight centers are in category (A): Al-Shifa, Al-Hada, Ashira, Al-Sail Al- Kabeer, Al-Atif, Al-Mahani, and Qaya, in addition to the Taif Center. random, four centers were selected, and samples were collected from them, all adults aged above 18 years and residing for at least a year in Taif were included in the study. The study was conducted over a period of three months from February to March 2019. The data was collected by interview-based questionnaire with observation for proteinuria by urine dipstick. Midstream sample urine was collected in clean plastic container. A total of 400 women participants were interviewed. The Std. deviation age of the study participants was1.15250 and nearly have of them (42.8%) their age group between (20-30) years followed by the age group of 41 to 50 years (20.5%), while only 17.8% were from the age group of more than 51years. and about 41% their education level was University or postgraduate education followed by 29.3 % was complete 10 years of regular school and only 19% was Illiterate. The prevalence of proteinuria was 0.4 , Out of the 160 study participants who had proteinuria(40%) .The results showed that lack of exercise was highest risk factures of proteinuria (60.5)% followed by Un Healthy Diet (33.5%) , blood pressure ( 26.8%) , obesity (18%) and high blood sugar was lowest risk factor, all this factious had significant association with proteinuria .In relation to the Distribution of Chronic and none chronic Disease among sample size more than two third of the sample ( 76.2%) have no chronic disease while only (23.8%) had family history of chronic disease , distributed as following : High cholesterol (10.5%) Diabetes (5.8% ) , Hypertension (18%) and (12%) was Insufficient kidney function. [Table 4]. More than half of study sample was eating healthy diet (66.5%) While (33.5%)of the sample does not eat healthy diet, and when asked about the reason, the answers were that I don't feel that I need to change the diet (12.5%) followed by (10.7%)Boredom from selected food and (10.3%) they said I don't have a chance to choose. The prevalence of proteinuria was high in our study population which similar to most study worldwide. exercise, eating un healthy diet, family history, Body mase index (BMI), hypertension and diabetes mellitus, found to be statistically significant risk factors for proteinuria. Understanding the risk factors and implementing screening of at risk populations will increase early detection, initiate treatment of modifiable risk factors for proteinuria, along with appropriate treatment for CKD this will decrease, the economic burden caused by the cost of renal replacement therapy might be mitigated by early detection of CKD risk factors. Further research can help in exploring the strategies that can be recommended in various settings to bring down the rising burden of Chronic kidney disease (CKD)..
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International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-15-11-2020-658
Total View : 331

Abstract : The prevalence of chronic venous disease (CVD) ranges between 20-60% and is more common among adults. This wide range may be explained by the different criteria used for patient selection, disease definition, imaging techniques used, and different exposures to risk factors. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of chronic venous disease (CVD) among primary health care attendees in Bahrain as well as risk factors associated with CVD. This is cross-sectional study that was carried out on 415 participants >8 years old attending primary health centers in the Kingdom of Bahrain during the study period from 1st June to 15th June 2015. A Multistage stratified sampling technique was used to recruit the participants. A random selection of nine health centers from five health region in the Kingdom of Bahrain was conducted. Candidate selection from each health center was done using systematic random sampling. The number of candidates in each health center was selected proportionally according to the catchment area in each governorate. Analyses were performed using univariate statistics. The study enrolled a total of 415 participants with an overall mean age of 41±14 years ranging from 18 to 84 years and 62% (n=343) were female. The prevalence of participants with CVD was 27%. CVD was associated with older age (47 vs 39 years; p<0.001), females (81% vs 57%; p<0.001), obese (84 vs 77 kg; p<0.001), family (mother/father) history of venous leg problems (43% vs 14%; p<0.001), those that did less exercise (21% vs 40%; p<0.001), multiparty (4.0 vs 2.6; p<0.001), and menopause (44% vs 16%; p<0.001). CVD was also associated with heavy legs (72% vs 14%; p<0.001), pain in the legs (83% vs 27%; p<0.001), sensation of swelling (59% vs 4.6%; p<0.001), sensation of burning (38% vs 10%; p<0.001), night cramps (56% vs 9.6%; p<0.001), itching (26% vs 4.6%; p<0.001) and sensation of pins/needles (49% vs 6.3%; p<0.001). A significant proportion of the participants (27%) had chronic venous disease underlining the importance of adequate and early screening for CVD as well as early referral to specialist physicians..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-15-11-2020-657
Total View : 466

Abstract : The surgical intervention on chronic anal fissure is still the first line of treatment for this disease. The importance of this research lies in finding a new treatment for one of the most common anal lesions, and to choose a safe and effective method in the treatment of chronic anal fissure, avoiding the risks of anesthesia and surgery. To compare the surgical treatment (Lateral Internal Sphincterotomy) and topical treatment (Diltiazem Gel 2%), in terms of the ability to heal, studying the degree of symptoms regression after the treatment (bleeding/pain), and studying the incidence of gas / fecal incontinence. A prospective pilot study, which included 60 patients divided into two groups equally, Group A (30 patients who underwent surgical treatment), Group B (30 patients who underwent topical drug treatment with Diltiazem 2% gel), and the study was conducted at Tishreen University Hospital in Latakia – Syria, in the period between 2019-2020. In group A, complete recovery occurred in 29 patients (96.6%), anal bleeding decreased in all patients (100%), pain feeling decreased in all patients (100%), and gas incontinence occurred only in 4 patients (13.3%). Fecal incontinence didn't occur. In group B, complete recovery occurred in 17 patients (56.6%), anal bleeding decreased in 17 patients (68%), pain feeling decreased in 17 patients (65.3%), and gas / fecal incontinence didn't occur at all. Lateral internal Sphincterotomy is still the first line of treatment in patients with a chronic anal fissure, but drug therapy with (Diltiazem 2% gel) can be applied to patients who refuse surgical treatment, or for those who have contraindications for surgical intervention.
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International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-10-11-2020-650
Total View : 484

Abstract : The most widely recognized reason for morbidity and mortality globally is cancer. Early detection and regular follow up of high-risk patients can curb the mortality and morbidity rate. Dentists play a vital role in the early detection of oral cancer; therefore, assessing their knowledge and practice for early detection of oral cancer is crucial. A cross-sectional study was designed to assess the dentists’ knowledge and practice for the early detection of oral cancer. The study was conducted in the Qassim region among dental interns, general dental practitioners (GPs), specialists, and consultants in both private and public sectors. The questionnaire consisted of 14 closed-ended questions that contain socio-demographic characters of participants, information regarding the participants' knowledge, and practice related questions. Data collected and analysed in SPSS software v. 21 and descriptive analysis was done. A total of 159 participants in the study. Regarding the potential risks for oral cancer, 48.4% and 34.6% believed viruses and hereditary. Regarding the high-risk sites for oral cancer, 38.4% of the participants choose soft palate complex, lateral border of the tongue, and floor of the mouth as high-risk sites. The majority of the participants, i.e., 70.4% (n=112) did not use any adjunctive screening tools. 57.2% (n=91) feel they do not have sufficient knowledge concerning the early detection of oral cancer. The vast majority, i.e., 87.4% (n=139) agreed that they need more information and continuing education for the same. The survey findings suggest that there is an existing gap in the knowledge and the use of chairside diagnostic procedures for the early detection of oral cancer, one of the barriers is lack of training. Dentists’ comprehension must be reinforced and constantly updated by continuing education programs..
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