International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal. Azerbaijan Medical Journal Gongcheng Kexue Yu Jishu/Advanced Engineering Science Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-09-12-2021-1086
Total View : 397

Abstract : The diagnosis of heart failure is associated with many comorbid psychological distress factors such as depression, anxiety, and hostility that significantly affect patients’ health outcomes and prognosis. This study aims to investigate if the combined effect of comorbid psychological distress factors is a predictors of the cardiac emergency visits, re-hospitalization, and mortality and among adult heart failure patients. A sample of 419 of patients with heart failure were recruited. Data collected in relation to Depression, anxiety, and hostility. Event-free survival was defined as the time to the first event. Cox proportional hazards hierarchal regressions were constructed to determine the predictors of free survival in heart failure patients. The analysis showed that in first block, comorbidity and New York Heart Association class were the only significant variables, while in the second block, none of the variables was significant except depression, comorbidity and New York Heart Association. In the final model, the interaction between depression, anxiety, and hostility was not significant. The combined effect of depression, anxiety, and hostility were not significant predictor of free survival among patients with heart failure. Nevertheless, depression was the only factor that predicts free survival among patients with heart failure..
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International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-09-12-2021-1085
Total View : 464

Abstract : Hypertension presents a distinctive problem in treatment. One of the major contributing factors to poor control of blood pressure is patient adherence. In this study, we investigated adherence in elderly hypertensive patients who had difficulty accessing medicines due to living far from the health care center about age and the duration of illness. It was a descriptive exploratory. Samples of this study were elderly hypertensive patients who lived far from the healthcare center in several districts in Pekanbaru in the Province of Riau, Indonesia. Data was collected using MGL (Morisky, Green, and Levins) adherence scale. A total of 110 respondents, divided into four groups (middle age, 45-59; elderly, 60-74; old, 75-90; and very old, >90 years old). Adherence measurement showed that 41 (37.27%) patients had medium adherence, and 69 (62.73%) patients had low adherence to their antihypertensive. The patients with the highest rate of low adherence were the elderly (35, 31.82%) with duration of illness of 1-5 years (30, 27.27%). Based on the Gamma test, the correlation was weak, and the direction is negative (-0.259), and there is no significant relationship between age groups, and medication adherence (p=0.120). The correlation between duration of illness with adherence was very weak (-0.071) with negative direction, and there is no significant relationship between duration of illness and medication adherence (p=0.7). Most of the respondents had low medication adherence. There was a weak correlation; between age group with medication adherence, and there is a very weak correlation between duration of illness with medication adherence..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-06-12-2021-1082
Total View : 413

Abstract : Ectopic pregnancy occurs when a fertilized ovum implants outside the uterine cavity. In India, the incidence of ectopic gestation ranging from 1-2 %. Risk factors include a history of pelvic inflammatory disease, cigarette smoking, fallopian tube surgery, previous ectopic pregnancy, and infertility treatment. Ectopic pregnancy should be considered in any patient presenting early in pregnancy with vaginal bleeding or lower abdominal pain in whom intrauterine pregnancy has not yet been established. In early pregnancy, an increase in serum Hcg of less than a minimum threshold in 48hours is suggestive of abnormal pregnancy. Hcg consistent with a growing or resolving gestation do not eliminate the possibility of an ectopic pregnancy. Here, we are discussing two case reports of ectopic pregnancy- A 21 years old women who is a Gravida 3 Para 2 Live 1 with 4 weeks of amenorrhea and right sided abdominal pain. Her Urine pregnancy test turned out to be weekly positive with low beta Hcg value of 155.90 m IU/ml. A 29 years old women who is a Gravida 6, Para 2 Living 2 Abortion 3 with previous 2 LSCS with 4 weeks of amenorrhea, abdominal pain and bleeding per vaginum with high levels of Beta Hcg – 28,629m IU/ml. This illustrates the ongoing clinical diagnostic challenges associated with ectopic pregnancy. The rarity of this disease, together with the diagnostic dilemma and surgical challenges which it poses, makes Ectopic Pregnancy challenging to manage..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-06-12-2021-1081
Total View : 417

Abstract : Cancer pain is recognized as a common cause of mental and physical suffering for patients and it affects all aspects of their well-being. In Jordan, there is a high incidence of reported cancer pain among oncology patients, but lack of evidence about patients' knowledge and experiences of cancer pain. The purpose of this study was to explore Jordanian oncology patients' knowledge and experiences toward cancer pain. A cross-sectional descriptive design was implemented. Participants were recruited from four large hospitals in Jordan through convenience sampling. Participants’ knowledge and experiences of cancer pain were measured by the Patient Pain Questionnaire (PPQ). A sample of 254 adult patients participated in the study. Most of the participants were married (78.7%), had positive family history of cancer (59.1%), and were Muslims (96.5%). The mean score for the knowledge subscale was 52.6 (SD=9.4) out of 90. The mean score for the experiences was 36.8 (SD=8.5) out of 70. There was a negative association between the mean of the knowledge subscale scores and patients' age. Significant differences in cancer pain knowledge and experiences were found according to level of education and patients’ primary care giver. This study concludes that oncology patients in Jordan have lack of knowledge and worse experience of cancer pain. The study findings imply a need for immediate actions that improve cancer pain management in Jordan. Additionally, raising awareness about pain and its negative impact on quality of life is a necessity for patients and their family..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-06-12-2021-1080
Total View : 485

Abstract : One of the most powerful and difficult sport and activity is weightlifting. In Pakistan, Gujranwala City is famous for its wrestlers and weightlifters. Successful and powerful weightlifting performances require a good combination of lifting techniques, muscle power, flexibility and muscle strength. Even the benefits on health and performance are preserved, the recreation of these are not without the risk of injuries with resistance training and especially upper limb injuries. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of upper limb musculoskeletal disorders in trained and untrained weightlifters of Gujranwala. A descriptive study was conducted on 138 weightlifters of gyms of Gujranwala among which 69 were trained and 69 were untrained. Nordic Musculoskeletal questionnaire for upper limb was used for data collection. Data was analysed by using SPSS v21. Frequency tables, Percentages, Mean and Standard Deviations were used. Among 138 subjects, both trained and untrained weightlifters complained about musculoskeletal disorders, in neck region the frequency of musculoskeletal disorders was found to be slightly higher in untrained weight lifters as compared to trained and Similar results were seen in shoulder, elbow and wrist. This study concluded that musculoskeletal injuries were found to be quite common in weight lifters both trained and untrained and its frequency is slightly higher in untrained weight lifters as compared to trained ones..
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