International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-24-03-2020-364
Total View : 184

Abstract : The aim of the current study was to investigate the T. evansi infection of dromedary camel, using the molecular tools in comparison to conventional methods. Jugular vein blood samples were randomly collected seasonally for three successive seasons from 500 camels in Nyala area (South Darfur State) and examined parasitologically by Giemsa stained blood smears (GSBS) for the presence of the trypanosomes, serologically for detection of anti-trypanosomal antibodies by card agglutination test (CATT) and molecularly for detection of the T. evansi amino- acid sequence through PCR by using T. brucei spp specific primers. Out of 500 samples 55(11%) were positive by smears, and 140(28%) were positives by CATT through anti-trypanosomal antibodies, while 200(40%) were positive by PCR. The obtained results showed that PCR have higher sensitivity and specificity (95%), while CATT and smears gave less sensitivity 70% and 32% respectively. These findings were useful in formulating strategic control programs, because this new molecular approach will make it possible to detect infections in the very early stages where microscopic examination is unclear and to monitor groups of animals after trypanocidal treatment. This will not only be beneficial for diagnosis also useful for epidemiological study and designing rational control program.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-24-03-2020-363
Total View : 125

Abstract : Considering the increase in the number of violence actions against students taken by teachers at Arabic schools, it is imperative to validate the Arabic version of the teacher violence scale in order to assess the factor analysis. The validity and reliability were evaluated for internal consistency. The results showed that the confirmatory factor analysis showed that the scale consists of 28 items with five constructs: physical violence (9 items), sexual violence (4 items), accusing /humiliating (7 items), taunting (4 items), and oppressing (4 items). The confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) showed the validated 5-factor model [χ2 = 1230.26, χ2/df = 1.399, RMSEA = .036, SRMR = .07, NNFI = .98, CFI = .996, GFI= .994, IFI= .997]. Average Variance Extracted and Composite Reliability of the five constructs were larger than .50 and .70, respectively. In conclusion, the teacher violence scale with these five constructs was found to be a reliable and valid measurement tool that will be useful in measuring the violence.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-24-03-2020-362
Total View : 133

Abstract : M2-macrophage is abundant in tumour microenvironment. However, the relationship between lymphovascular invasion with M2-macrophage, the secreted cytokine and receptor remained unclear. Haematoxylin and eosin (H&E) and immunohistochemical (IHC) staining on six consecutive sections of 99 formalin fixed-paraffin embedded (FFPE) breast carcinoma samples were carried out. D2-40, CD34, CD163, IL-1β, and ICAM-1 were used to stain lymphatic vessel, blood vessel, M2-macrophage, IL-1β, and ICAM-1 receptor respectively. Results show that although the mean value of blood vessel density (BVD) is higher than lymphatic vessel density (LVD) (p<0.0001), the lymphatic vessel invasion (LVI) is higher than blood vessel invasion (BVI) (p=0.008). Increase of intra-tumoural LVI significantly increases IL-1β expression (p=0.009). High M2-macrophage count is significantly related with increases IL-1β expression (p=0.03). In conclusion, IL-1β might be responsible in tumour metastasis via lymphatic vessel. The infiltration of M2- macrophage might enhance the secretion of IL-1β intra-tumourally in breast carcinoma. Therefore, IL-1β could be the targeted molecules in reducing tumour metastasis rate.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-24-03-2020-361
Total View : 163

Abstract : We aimed to evaluate the effect of insulin resistance on serum effect of IR on serum OPG and trace elements levels in diabetic nephropathy patients in province of Basrah-Iraq. From 63 volunteers who suffering from T2DM, 31 patients with nephropathy and 32 patients without nephropathy, while 33 normal voleteers were taken as controls. Their fasting insulin hormone and osteoprotegerin were determined by ELISA methods. BMI, glucose urea, creatinine, GFR and Cr.Cl., and homeostasis model assessment for determined of insulin resistance (IR). Mg and Zn were measured by flame atomic absorption spectrometry, while Se in whole blood was determined using hydride generation method. A non-significant change (p>0.05) was seen in the level of BMI, significantly decreased (p<0.01) in levels of Se, Zn and Mg, while a higher significantly changes (p<0.01) were seen in the levels of glucose, insulin, HOMA-IR, urea, creatinine in subjects of type 2 diabetic patients with and without nephropathy, as compared to healthy group. On the other hand, levels of OPG, GFR and Cr.Cl., were highly significantly (p<0.01) changes in diabetic patients with nephropathy and significantly (p<0.05) changes in patients without nephropathy, compared to the healthy control. Elevated serum OPG and decreased trace elements (Se, Zn and Mg) levels are strongly associated with BMI, insulin resistance and physical activity which can be used as a biomarker of renal dysfunction in diabetic nephropathy thus decreasing the mortality and morbidity.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-23-03-2020-360
Total View : 132

Abstract : Oral biofilms can cause a health-related problem in the mouth cavity. The purpose of this study was to determine antibacterial and antibiofilm effects of quercetin on two oral microbes, S. sanguinis and S. mutans in anaerobic condition. The antibacterial was assayed with microdilution method in aerobic condition. The antibiofilm activity was assayed using microdilution method in an anaerobic environment by using crystal violet as an indicator. SEM (Scanning Electron Microscopy) analysis was conducted to observe biofilms on the surface coverslip. The result showed MIC50 (Minimum Inhibition Concentration) of quercetin on S. sanguinis and S. mutans was 0.125% v/v. MBIC50 (Minimum Biofilm Inhibition Concentration) of quercetin was 1% v/v on S. sanguinis and S. mutans. MBEC50 (Minimum Biofilm Eradication Concentration) of quercetin on S. sanguinis was 1% v/v and was observed at 0.25% v/v on S. mutans. Based on the research conducted, it can be concluded that quercetin has a degradation effect on S. sanguinis and S. mutans. SEM analyses confirmed that quercetin demonstrated degradation effect to S. sanguinis and S. mutans. Noteworthy to evaluate the quercetin effect towards polymicrobial biofilms.
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