International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-13-03-2020-341
Total View : 190

Abstract : Fungal infection is not life threatening to patients due to blood malignancies and as a result of intensive chemotherapy, solid tumor and the use of immunosuppressive drugs for organ transplant patients. The samples were mostly blood, sputum, urine, bronchi-alveolar lavage, CSF and wound swabs. Each sample was examined by conventional methods as wet mount and stained smears to culture on various media like Dextrose agar, brain heart infusion agar and blood agar, diagnosed by APE 20 Candida to be cultured on SDA using 20μ, 50μ [microns] concentration disks of drug amphotracin B and fluconazole 20μ for all patients, and was tested after 18 hours of incubation, rings above 20 mm considered positive while less 5 mm were all negative according to NICM standards. The commonest yeasts recovered were Cryptococcus neoformans Candida albicans,and Geotrichum candidum ,most of those isolates yeasts showed resistance to both concentration of amphotracine B disks mostly in cryptococcus neoformans, the fungal infection in patients being used in a massive way to protect from invasive fungal infections the incidence of resistant strains of various of yeasts showed a higher rate of drug resistance in vivo and in vitro as well endangering the drug use in daily practice as a safe drug in daily medical practice. Many types of yeast are resisting the broad spectrum anti-fungal drug as amphotracine-B, in vitro reflecting an alarming sign on the use of this drug in medical practice as preemptive or empirical strategies of IFI management.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-13-03-2020-340
Total View : 131

Abstract : Grip strength is a simple tool used to rapidly assess muscle strength. It can provide diagnostic information and be used to assess clinical outcomes. The purpose of this study was to find out an equation that could predict hand-grip strength in relation to age, weight, height, mid upper arm circumference, hand length and hand span in Egyptian healthy mid-adolescents. Two hundred and forty volunteer healthy adolescents of both sexes participated in this cross sectional study. Their Body Mass Indices (BMI) followed normal values. EuroQol 5-Dimension Questionnaire for youth (EQ-5D-Y) was applied to determine participant’s health status. A JAMAR plus hand held dynamometer was used for measuring handgrip strength. Independent t-test, Pearson correlation co-efficient and Linear regression equation were used (p<0.05). We found positive correlation between handgrip strength and all measured parameters. Also, hand-grip strength could be predicted according to age, weight, height, mid upper arm circumference, hand length and hand span. we demonstrated that, hand-grip strength is positively correlated to general and anthropometric characteristics in Egyptian healthy mid adolescents.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-13-03-2020-339
Total View : 162

Abstract : Social health insurance (SHI) schemes are adequate method to achieve universal health coverage and protecting the population from financial problem related healthcare by reducing the out-of pocket payment. This study aimed to evaluate willingness to pay for SHI and their related factors to join the SHI among population particularly in Yogyakarta province, Indonesia. A cross‑sectional study design using contingent valuation method was employed. Participants were recruited from four districts in Yogyakarta province, during time period of January to March 2019. Participants’ mean willingness to pay (WTP) and barriers of WTP were explored. Sociodemographics predictors of WTP were identified using logistic regression analysis. A total of 625 participants were participated in this study. Majority of respondents (87.36%) were willing to pay for SHI at the current regulated package. The average of participants willing to pay for SHI was about 1.67% of their monthly salary. However, most of participants (67.58%) did not willing to enroll for SHI with copayment. Provision of quality of health services and wide range of benefit packages influenced the willingness to pay. Lack of money to pay and health is not a priority were the major barriers of willingness to pay among the population. The result of this study revealed the positive correlation between family size, income, educational level, past experience of hospitalization and current health status with the willingness to pay for SHI. The government should pay attention to the co-payment level and improve the quality of care of the SHI scheme.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-11-03-2020-333
Total View : 180

Abstract : Familial hypercholesterolemia is an autosomal dominant disorder that is associated with tendon xanthoma, increased plasma LDL-C level and subsequent risk to develop premature cardiovascular disease. The aim of this review is to present a brief summary about clinical, biochemical and molecular aspects of familial hyperchoelstroelmia. It is mainly caused by mutations in the LDLR gene which is the most frequent cause for this disease followed by mutations in the APOB-100 gene and rarely by mutations in the PCSK9 gene. Few international criteria were established for the clinical diagnosis of FH that depend on the positive family history of premature heart disease and /or hyperlipidemia, plus the high low density lipoprotein level, however molecular detection of the causative gene mutation is still needed to confirm the diagnosis of familial hypercholesterolemia. Traditional cardiovascular risk factors are still contributing to cardiovascular disease among patients with this hereditary disease, for that reason the earlier diagnosis plus cascade family screening programs are essential, so that patients can start to change to a healthier lifestyle, even starting hypolipidemic therapy to reduce the risk of subsequent cardiovascular disease among familial hypercholestrolemic patients.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-10-03-2020-332
Total View : 140

Abstract : There is little research on effective ways of stopping bullying in healthcare. The aim of the study was to evaluate how work experiences influence perceptions of bullying. We studied bullying a group of non-training grade doctors in an NHS hospital using a questionnaire. Levels of agreement or disagreement were rated using a 5-point Likert scale with 1 indicating low and 5 high agreements. 25/28 responded. Appropriate introduction to ward (r =.697 p=0.000), enough time to settle (r=.856 p=0.000), friendly co-workers (r=.754 p=0.000) and providing a good environment (r=.699 p=0.000) were strong correlates to not feeling bullied. Negative correlations were induction doing little to help settle in job (r=-.439 p=0.032) and feeling overwhelmed by workload (r=-.510 p=0.010). Not being bullied correlated strongly with recommending the hospital (r=.754 p=0.000). This study provides insight into employment experiences that relate to bullying and may suggest opportunities to reduce bullying.
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