International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America Teikyo Medical Journal Journal of the Mine Ventilation Society of South Africa
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-25-03-2020-366
Total View : 147

Abstract : This study aimed to analyze the capitation payment utilization and expenditure of drugcosts in public and private primary health care (PHC). This study was a cross-sectional study withquantitative approach of data collection that was done from January 2016 to December 2016 at 5 private and5 public PHC, evaluating utilization and expenditure data prescription cost in Yogyakarta city and Slemandistrict, Indonesia. We performed Mann-Whitney and Kruskal-Wallis analysis to determine differences inutilization and expenditure of drug cost between private and public PHC. The most prevalent diseases foundbased on the type of PHC was pulpitis (12.5%) while in private PHC was an acute upper respiratoryinfection (13.5%). Characteristic of patients visited was female (68%), 46-55 age group (17%). The costused in health services were IDR 16,093 (77%) for patient examination and services and IDR 5,097 (23%)for the drug. There were statistically difference for total cost of three diseases, includinghypercholesterolemia (p=0.008); acute upper respiratory infection (p= 0.023); and functional dyspepsia (p=0.015). The highest drug cost based on diseases was refractory anemia (IDR 18,885). The proportion of drugcost was about 23% of the total capitation fund received by PHCs. Drug costs in the capitation system at theprivate first level health facilities tend to be higher than in the public facilities. Moreover, it is lower than theinternational standard suggested by WHO. It is recommended to evaluate the capitation system especiallythe rational proportion of health expenditure to enhance the quality of care.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-24-03-2020-365
Total View : 170

Abstract : Among the educational programs, medical education is very important because of itsunique nature and high costs. Students, as the main elements of education, are the best source of informationneeded to determine the quality of education. Therefore, the present study aimed to evaluate theeffectiveness of basic science education on the clinical skills from the viewpoint of the medical interns andexterns at Semnan University of Medical Sciences. In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 102 30-itemquestionnaires were completed by medical students of Semnan University of Medical Sciences during 2017-2018. The questionnaire evaluated four indices of achievement of objectives, content of basic sciencecourses, educational planning and organization, and assessment of professors. The answers were based on a5-point Likert scale varying from undesirable to poor, average, good, and excellent. In this study, 51 femalesand 51 males medical inters and externs participated. From the viewpoint of students, the anatomy(3.42±1.038) and physiology (3.27±1.195) were considered as the most important and influential basicscience courses and physics (1.58±0.895) and biochemistry (1.44±0.752) were evaluated as the leastimportant basic science courses. Evaluation of the effectiveness of the three indices of achievement ofobjectives, educational planning and organization, and assessment of professors from the viewpoint ofstudents showed a mean and standard deviation of less than average. The results showed that clinical aspectsof basic science courses were received less attention, indicating the need to revise current methods of basicsciences in medical education.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-24-03-2020-364
Total View : 184

Abstract : The aim of the current study was to investigate the T. evansi infection of dromedary camel, using the molecular tools in comparison to conventional methods. Jugular vein blood samples were randomly collected seasonally for three successive seasons from 500 camels in Nyala area (South Darfur State) and examined parasitologically by Giemsa stained blood smears (GSBS) for the presence of the trypanosomes, serologically for detection of anti-trypanosomal antibodies by card agglutination test (CATT) and molecularly for detection of the T. evansi amino- acid sequence through PCR by using T. brucei spp specific primers. Out of 500 samples 55(11%) were positive by smears, and 140(28%) were positives by CATT through anti-trypanosomal antibodies, while 200(40%) were positive by PCR. The obtained results showed that PCR have higher sensitivity and specificity (95%), while CATT and smears gave less sensitivity 70% and 32% respectively. These findings were useful in formulating strategic control programs, because this new molecular approach will make it possible to detect infections in the very early stages where microscopic examination is unclear and to monitor groups of animals after trypanocidal treatment. This will not only be beneficial for diagnosis also useful for epidemiological study and designing rational control program.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-24-03-2020-363
Total View : 125

Abstract : Considering the increase in the number of violence actions against students taken by teachers at Arabic schools, it is imperative to validate the Arabic version of the teacher violence scale in order to assess the factor analysis. The validity and reliability were evaluated for internal consistency. The results showed that the confirmatory factor analysis showed that the scale consists of 28 items with five constructs: physical violence (9 items), sexual violence (4 items), accusing /humiliating (7 items), taunting (4 items), and oppressing (4 items). The confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) showed the validated 5-factor model [χ2 = 1230.26, χ2/df = 1.399, RMSEA = .036, SRMR = .07, NNFI = .98, CFI = .996, GFI= .994, IFI= .997]. Average Variance Extracted and Composite Reliability of the five constructs were larger than .50 and .70, respectively. In conclusion, the teacher violence scale with these five constructs was found to be a reliable and valid measurement tool that will be useful in measuring the violence.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-24-03-2020-362
Total View : 133

Abstract : M2-macrophage is abundant in tumour microenvironment. However, the relationship between lymphovascular invasion with M2-macrophage, the secreted cytokine and receptor remained unclear. Haematoxylin and eosin (H&E) and immunohistochemical (IHC) staining on six consecutive sections of 99 formalin fixed-paraffin embedded (FFPE) breast carcinoma samples were carried out. D2-40, CD34, CD163, IL-1β, and ICAM-1 were used to stain lymphatic vessel, blood vessel, M2-macrophage, IL-1β, and ICAM-1 receptor respectively. Results show that although the mean value of blood vessel density (BVD) is higher than lymphatic vessel density (LVD) (p<0.0001), the lymphatic vessel invasion (LVI) is higher than blood vessel invasion (BVI) (p=0.008). Increase of intra-tumoural LVI significantly increases IL-1β expression (p=0.009). High M2-macrophage count is significantly related with increases IL-1β expression (p=0.03). In conclusion, IL-1β might be responsible in tumour metastasis via lymphatic vessel. The infiltration of M2- macrophage might enhance the secretion of IL-1β intra-tumourally in breast carcinoma. Therefore, IL-1β could be the targeted molecules in reducing tumour metastasis rate.
Full article

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