International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-01-02-2020-188
Total View : 158

Abstract : Breast cancer (BC)is the most frequent cancers occurring among women. It is the leading cause of women mortality & morbidity all over the world, among Saudi women there was a significant increase of the incidence of breast malignancy, breast self-examination (BSE) is a simple, very low-cost, non-invasive procedure can be used for early detection of breast cancer at an early stage. The objective of this study is to assess the knowledge & practice knowledge of women in Najran city/ KSA about BSE as a screening method for early detection of BC. A Cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted during 2019 to assess the knowledge and practice of BSE in 449 female samples picked randomly in Najran / KSA. A questionnaire was designed for data collection, SPSS used for data analysis. The finding of this study find that (52.2%) of the study participants between 18-28 years old (72%) completed their education university, 55.5%have good total score knowledge, and 40.3% had practice knowledge's score of BSE and poor total knowledge score about mammogram, there is significant correlation between female knowledge's, practice knowledge's and level of education, while there is no correlation between female knowledge's, practices knowledge's and age group. This study showed that the majority of participants practice breast self-examination (BSE) each month, which contributes to increasing awareness of what is normal for the breasts, the total knowledge score of BSE was excellent and its practice knowledge's too while the relationship between them is significant p-value 0.000. Hence, the continuation of frequent community-based awareness programs and training courses is needed so that women awareness and practice will be increased toward BSE, which helps to pick up any abnormal changes in the breasts and look for medical advice promptly..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-01-02-2020-187
Total View : 325

Abstract : Hypertension is still the most important risk factor for cardiovascular events. The number of hypertension in young adults is increasing. A deep insight into the clinical profile will help in devising a preventive strategy, in order to alleviate the morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular disease. However, the data about hypertensive heart disease in the young (<45 years) is limited. A cross sectional study was performed. The hypertensive heart disease was diagnosed by echocardiography. A total 130 young hypertensive heart disease cases were identified from 2016-2018. Hypertensive heart disease was determined using European Society of Cardiology/European Society of Hypertension 2018 guideline and diastolic dysfunction was determined using American Society of Echocardiography 2016 guideline. The mean age of subjects was 39.35 (±4.6) years, male patient was 67 (51.5%). Clinical presentation of the patient was hypertensive heart disease (46.99%), hypertensive heart disease with coronary artery disease (43.1%), and hypertensive heart disease with stroke (10%). Mean ejection fraction (EF) of this study was 55.86 (±15.2) %, the number of normal EF was 63.1%, preserved EF 3.1%, mid-range EF 13.1%, reduced EF 20.8%. The mean left ventricular mass was 246.92 (±90.5) gram, left ventricular mass index was 144.77 (±50.8) gram/m2. Left ventricular hyperthrophy was classified as concentric remodelling 12.3%, eccentric hyperthrophy 27.7%, and concentric hyperthropy 60%. Diastolic function was assessed, normal 10%, grade I 52.3%, grade II 18.5%, grade III 8.5%, and the rest 10.8% cannot be measured. There were a significant number of young hypertensive adults with various echocardiographic abnormalities. Prevention of hypertension should begin earlier.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-31-01-2020-186
Total View : 149

Abstract : Synthetic vertebral body replacement has been widely used recently to treat different spinal conditions affecting the anterior column. They arrange from trauma, infections and even tumor conditions. In this study, we assess the functional outcome of this modality in different spinal conditions. Thirty-six cases operated from Oct. 2010 to Dec. 2017. Twelve patients had spinal type A3 fractures, 11 cases with spinal tuberculosis, and 13 cases with spinal tumors. They were followed clinically for a mean period of 2.4 years. All the cases were approached anteriorly. Seven cases had a postoperative infection. No neurological worsening reported. We had dramatic neurological improvement in all spinal tuberculosis cases. Mortality recorded in only four cases with metastatic spinal tumors during the mean period of follow up. Karnofsky performance status scale showed statistically significant change for spinal tuberculosis, and tumor cases during the follow-up period, but there was no significant change in cases of spinal type A3 fractures. The positive outcome of this surgery makes it recommended for properly picked patients especially with spinal tuberculosis and tumors.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-30-01-2020-185
Total View : 264

Abstract : This work aims to assess the influence of pre-treatment with chlorhexidine and fluoride solutions on shear bond strength "SBS" of sapphire brackets bonded using two types of orthodontic adhesive systems. Forty recently extracted premolars were allocated to 4 equal experimental groups, 1st and 2nd were treated with 0.20 % chlorhexidine gel, while 3rd and 4th were treated with Fluoride Varnish. Following surface treatment, sapphire brackets were bonded with Transbond XT plus (SEP) and Transbond XT adhesive group 2 and 4; and Heliost composite were performed for group 1 and 3 following the manufacturer’s specifications. The SBS was measured by a universal testing machine, while the failure sites were analyzed using the adhesive remnant index (ARI). The SBS for group 1 and 2 were less than those for group 3 and 4 without a statistically significant difference (P> 0.05); however, significantly greater bond strength (P< 0.05) was found between groups 1 (treated with chlorhexidine gel) and group 3 (treated with fluoride varnish). No significant difference in SBS was observed between HELOISIT and XT TRANSBOND PLUS primer and adhesive. ARI scores showed that failures mostly occurred at the interface of enamel and resin. The application of chlorhexidine gel before bonding had insignificant impact on the SBS; however, fluoride varnish significantly increased SBS for Heliosit adhesive.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-29-01-2020-183
Total View : 154

Abstract : The prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) and its genotypes among healthy adults and children has been established, and various risk groups for the prevalence of viral hepatitis C patients living in the endemic area  of the central cities of Iraq  from the period of 2017 to 2019have been identified. A high prevalence of anti-HCV has been identified. A high level of prevalence was noted in groups of patients in the intensive care units and personnel donors.
Full article

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