International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-25-12-2019-95
Total View : 454

Abstract : The global burden of disease study estimated that lower back pain (LBP) is among the top ten diseases and injuries that account for the highest number of worldwide. Occurrence rises and heights concerning the ages of 35 and 55. Although the causes of onset of LBP are remaining obscured, there are many risk factors identified such as age, gender, and obesity. This study was hence conducted to evaluate the prevalence of LBP and associated risk factors among middle age female at Najran province. Demographic data was taken from all the participants. Middle age female self-reported risk factors and history of LBP. Roland-Morris LBP and disability Questionnaire (RMQ) used to determine the grade of LBP. The most common age affected by moderate LBP was at age between fifty to fifty-five years old. More than two third of middle age female was suffered from any type of back pain at Najran province. Meanwhile less than half of them reported were had abortion episode from three to four times allied with moderate LBP. More than one third of middle age female with moderate LBP stated do not do any exercise. The prevalence of LBP was moderate among half of middle age females who were normal weight and overweight at Najran province. Govern the risk factors of LBP aiding for early identification and outwit the progression.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-25-12-2019-94
Total View : 658

Abstract : Pterygium is a conjunctival tissue hyperplastic degenerative process in form of triangular fibrovascular tissue, growing on conjunctival towards and infiltrating corneal surface. Inflammation process on ocular surface was believed to be involved in the recurrence of pterygium tissue post excision surgery. Recent years, the effect of local injection of triamcinolone and bevacizumab in recurrence of pterygium have been studied but remain with unsatisfied results. This study aimed to analyze changes of expression of messenger RNA (mRNA) interleukin-1 (IL-1) after injection of 20 mg of triamcinolone and 2.5 mg of bevacizumab subconjunctiva in pterygium patient. Methods: Fifteen eyes with stage II primary pterygia were included in this study. Patients were randomized into three groups; the triamcinolone group, bevacizumab group and placebo group. Subconjunctival of 20 mg of Triamcinolone or 2.5 mg of bevacizumab or placebo (depend on group) were injected one week before surgery. All subject was done pterygium surgery with autograft technique. Main outcome measures included changes of mRNA IL-1 expression between Triamcinolone group, Bevacizumab group and placebo group. One month follow up was completed in fifteen eyes. Blood level changes of mRNA IL-1 expression in bevacizumab group was 4.09 ± 0.52, triamcinolone group was 3.40 ± 2.62, and placebo group was 1.08 ± 1.48, respectively (p = 0.04). Comparison between group, there are significant effect between bevacizumab group and placebo group (p= 0.00), and no significant effect in triamcinolone group (p = 0.06). Conclusion: Subconjunctival injection of Bevacizumab and Triamcinolone before surgery effective in suppressing inflammation in pterygium.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-25-12-2019-93
Total View : 491

Abstract : A major component of radiology practice is communication. Within a radiographic examination, it is important for the radiographer to communicate successfully with the patient so as to be considered trustworthy and reliable by the latter. The radiographer must possess effective communication skills, especially when dealing with difficult patients. The purpose of the present work is to explore how effective and how frequent various patient-radiographer communication obstacles are. Convenience sampling was applied to recruit 150 patients and 32 radiographers to undertake a descriptive qualitative cross-sectional study at King Khalid Hospital in Najran, Saudi Arabia, in the period July 2018-November 2019. Two questionnaires respectively intended for patients and radiographers were the tools employed for data collection. From the radiographers’ perspective, language and religious differences were the obstacles of greatest and least significance (mean 1.94±0.66 and mean of 1.40±0.47, respectively). From the patients' perspective, the main communication obstacle was gender differences (mean 2.06±0.31), while the most insignificant communication obstacle was physical condition (mean 1.63±0.75). The radiographers' perspectives did not differ significantly from the patients’ perspectives (P≥0.05). Regarding the preferred language for the radiographic examination, Arabic was preferred by a proportion of 44.7% of participants, while English was preferred by 39.3%. This study found that gender and language differences were the main obstacles to communication between patients and radiographers. The radiographers involved in this research demonstrated professionalism and decency in their interaction with the patients. It is suggested that radiographers should be provided with proper training for communication skills to ensure that they can efficiently interact with patients, particularly those from a cultural background different from their own. It is necessary to develop better training programs and courses taking into account the cultural and linguistic particularities of Saudi Arabia.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-23-12-2019-89
Total View : 476

Abstract : The preparatory year (PY) plays an important role in students’ preparation for university level academic studies, since studying in medical programs is challenging and students need to be able to overcome obstacles in their studies. One way to facilitate the transition to full medical programs is to include medical terminology (MT) in the PY. The study investigates the importance of including MT in the PY for students planning to study at any of health colleges at Najran University. A cross-sectional study was designed to include at least 25 students and 12 members of teaching staff from each of the health college at Najran University. An electronic survey using Google forms was used to ask students and members of teaching staff questions related to the importance of MT in the PY for health colleges’ students. A significant number of the teaching staff mentioned that students were below the required level because of lack of English language proficiency as well as the difficulty in specialty courses is an issue. Also, a significant proportion of teaching staff and students reported that the inclusion of MT in the PY would improve students’ academic performance. MT should be introduced in the PY to facilitate the study journey for students who wish to continue in health colleges, since this will facilitate students’ understanding of medical terms and contribute in raising the level of students.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-22-12-2019-88
Total View : 271

Abstract : Escherichia coli is a major etiological agent of Urinary tract infection (UTI) worldwide. People of all ages and gender are prone to UTI, but age over 20 years and women are more susceptible. The purposes of this study were to identify the E. coli isolates from suspected UTI samples and determine the prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of the isolates. A total of 200 midstream urine samples were collected from suspected UTI patients between January 2016 and May 2016 from a tertiary care hospital. Presence of E. coli isolates in 138 samples was confirmed after microbiological and biochemical tests. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing of E. coli isolates revealed high level of resistance to Nalidixic Acid, Cefotaxime, and Ceftazidime. High level of sensitivity was found to Amikacin, Tobramycin, Netilmicin which can be used as effective antimicrobials, but before that clinician should determine antimicrobial susceptibility of UTI pathogen of suspected patients. To avoid antibiotic resistance, use of antibiotics should be monitored and drug regulations must be strictly followed.
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