International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal. Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption Fa yi xue za zhi Dianzi Yu Xinxi Xuebao/Journal of Electronics and Information Technology Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-04-11-2021-1044
Total View : 535

Abstract : Epilepsy is one of the frequently occurring neurologic disorders within childhood with a cumulative lifetime incidence of about 3%. MRI is the imaging modality of choice for diagnosing the cause of epilepsy. Objective of the study was to evaluate the role of MRI in the detection and characterisation of lesions in epilepsy among the pediatric population. A prospective study was conducted among the Pediatric age group with epileptic seizures referred for MRI Brain to our Department of Radio-diagnosis. Patients with febrile seizures and known contraindications to MRI were excluded. The demographic details, birth history, family history, clinical history and examination details were collected using a clinical proforma. The participants were then subjected to an MRI Brain scan according to the protocol. The data collected were entered in MS Excel and analysed using statistical software. The study population had 41.5% subjects with less than 1 year of age and 33% in the 6 to 12 years age group with a slight male preponderance of 1.3: 1 and mean age of 46.7 months. 85.8% of the population had generalized onset while 9.4% focal onset seizures. Anoxia and Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy (35.8%) was the most common etiology followed by developmental malformations (22.6%) and infections (9.4%). 22 (20.75%) subjects had Cystic encephalomalacia with gliosis followed by 9 (8.49%) had Periventricular Leukomalacia. It was concluded that the MRI Brain scan helped in identifying the diagnosis and etiology of pediatric seizure and paved way for the treatment of the patient medically as well as surgically..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-03-11-2021-1043
Total View : 332

Abstract : Henna leaves (Lawsomia inermis Linn.) is traditional medicine that used to treat diabetes mellitus in Indonesia. Previous studies reported that Henna leaves extract showed in vitro and in vivo hypoglycemic activities. In the present study, for the first time antihyperglycemic activity of Henna leaves extract in aloxan-induced diabetic zebrafish (Danio rerio) was investigated. Four different extracts using n-hexane, ethyl acetate, ethanol 96% and distilled water were prepared by maceration technique. Each of them (2.50 mg/mL) was given to the alloxan-induced diabetic zebrafish, daily (for 3 days treatment period). Blood glucose levels of zebrafish were measured on 1st, 2nd, and 3rd days after the treatment. The distilled water was administered as a negative control and metformin (0.23 mg/mL) was administered as the positive control. The blood glucose levels were analyzed by using two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) continued by Tukey test at p<0.05. All extracts were resulted significant antihyperglycemic effects in time-dependent manner (p<0.05). Furthermore, the extracts of n-hexane, ethyl acetate and ethanol 96% were exhibited antihyperglycemic effects, similar with metformin (p>0.05). The L. inermis Linn. leaves extracts are potential to be developed as new antidiabetic substances. Isolation of the active constituents which responsible to the antidiabetic activity need to conduct in further study..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-03-11-2021-1041
Total View : 442

Abstract : The study aims to compare the efficacy of 2%lidocaine & 4%articaine & evaluate pain perception during needle insertion by the conventional and alternative techniques of local anaesthesia. The present experimental study included 180 patients between the ages of 30 and 50 who did not have any systemic diseases requiring local anaesthesia for tooth extraction. Which were divided into two groups. In group, A conventional technique was used, while in group B alternative technique was applied to provide Local Anaesthesia. The groups were further subdivided, and 45 patients in each group received 2% Lignocaine while the rest 45 patients received 4% Articaine as an Anaesthetic drug. The pain of the patient was measured with the help of the Visual Analog Scale (VAS). The main pain score in the conventional group was 1.03±0.75 and was significantly more significant than the mean score in the alternative group was 0.26±0.44. The mean pain score for the Conventional Lignocaine subgroup was 1.33±0.79, the Conventional Articaine subgroup was 0.73±0.57, the Alternative Lignocaine subgroup was 0.40±0.49, and Alternative Articaine subgroup was 0.13±0.34. The mean pain score was significantly greater in the Lignocaine subgroup in comparison to the Articaine subgroup. The efficiency of the alternative technique in relieving pain was significantly more significant than the Conventional Technique, and the efficiency of4% of articaine in relieving pain was significantly more significant than the 2% Lignocaine..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-03-11-2021-1040
Total View : 420

Abstract : Garments manufacturing industry is highly labor-intensive especially in developing countries like Pakistan. Most of the times the labor has to work in adverse conditions. Despite of the developments in workshop practices and technology, garment industry is among the most labor-intensive industries. The working generally consists of long hours with one lunch break in the middle of the day. These workers are rarely provided with appropriate workstations and weak social infrastructure adds to the risk of discomfort and illness. But such risks are rarely investigated at workplace. The objective of this research is to determine the Ergonomics risk factors for workers in clothing manufacturing and its association with musculoskeletal problems in Raiwind city Lahore. Analytical cross sectional was conducted. 335 participants from clothing industry were included. Rapid Entire Body Assessment was used for risk factors associated. Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire was be used to assess musculoskeletal problems. There is significant difference of NORDIC and REBA score between types of equipment use with participates using manual equipment having higher NORDIC and REBA score. There is strong positive correlation between REBA risk measurement and NORDIC musculoskeletal disorders. This study concluded that there is strong positive correlation between REBA risk measurement and NORDIC musculoskeletal disorders. Increasing ergonomic risk increases musculoskeletal disorders. It also concluded that Female workers have higher ergonomic risk and musculoskeletal disorders, workers using equipment have higher ergonomic risk and musculoskeletal disorders, workers having more than 5 years of xiv experience have higher ergonomic risk and musculoskeletal disorders, workers in seating working position have higher ergonomic risk and musculoskeletal disorders, workers using manual equipment have higher ergonomic risk and musculoskeletal disorders..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-02-11-2021-1037
Total View : 465

Abstract : A hamartoma is mostly a benign focal malformation that resembles a neoplasm in the tissue of its origin. It grows at the same rate as the surrounding tissue. It is composed of tissue elements normally found at that site, but they are growing in a disorganised manner. Hamartomas of the breast are rare and constitute to about 0.7% among all breast tumours. It is extremely rare to identify hamartoma in an ectopic breast tissue. Here, we report one such case of an unmarried young female who presented to us with a huge swelling in the left axillary region since childhood. On benign imaging and cytology background, excision biopsy was done and histopathology revealed hamartoma of the axilla arising from the ectopic breast tissue..
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