International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America Teikyo Medical Journal
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-13-10-2020-634
Total View : 495

Abstract : The purpose of the study was to investigate the structure of cardiovascular comorbid states, their frequency dynamic within the study period, as well as predictors of new-onsets events in end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients and its incidence rate depending on dialysis modality. The prospective observational cohort study involved 326 ESRD patients, 223 of whom were treated with hemodialysis (HD) and 103 with peritoneal dialysis (PD), between 2012 and 2019. Average duration of prospective observation was 42.2 ± 26.4 months. Оf particular interest were new-onset cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Within the observational timeframe the portion of CVD patients increased by 25.6% and 20.3%, when treated with HD and PD respectively (p=0.2978). The incidence of coronary artery disease was significantly higher in HD compared to PD patients. (23.8% to 8.8%, р = 0.0014; RR 2.7200; 95% СІ: 1.3961 – 5.2992). However, the incidence of heart failure was higher in PD compared to HD patients (20.4% to 5.5%, р < 0.0001; RR 3.7888; 95% СІ: 1.9393 – 7.4023). The independent predictors of new-onset CVD in studied cohort were: diabetes mellitus (HR 2.3116, 95% СІ: 1.5664 – 1.5664), history of MRSA carried (HR 2.1535, 95% СІ: 1.3578 – 3.4156), age (HR 1.0323, 95% СІ: 1.0183 – 1.0465), PD treatment (HR 1.8205, 95% СІ: 1.1259 – 2.9435), serum albumin levels (HR 0.9532, 95% СІ: 0.9122 – 0.9961). The observed results demonstrate an over-time significant increase in frequency of CVDs in those suffering from ESRD. A difference was established in the structure of new-onset CVD events, as well as their predictors, between PD and HD groups.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-10-10-2020-631
Total View : 383

Abstract : Consumption of vegetables and fruit in obese adolescents is still very low. One of the efforts to improve it is by providing nutrition education. This study aims to compare the effectiveness of leaflets and short message service (SMS) in changing the pattern of vegetable and fruit consumption among obese adolescents. The research design was an experimental study with a non-randomized pre-post test design. This research was conducted for 5 months in which respondents were given intervention for 1 month. The method of selecting subjects using purposive sampling method, the number of samples of each group of 20 people. The Wilcoxon test was used with a significance level of p <0.05. The results showed that the mean score of the group educated with leaflets and SMS had a significant increase (p = 001 and p = 0.002). Where education with leaflets increases the knowledge score by 2.2 points and education via SMS increases the knowledge score by 2.35 points. Education with leaflets and SMS can significantly increase the frequency of vegetable consumption (p = 0.002 and p = 0.005). Where leaflets increased the frequency of vegetable consumption by 1.13 times per day and SMS increased the frequency of vegetable consumption by 1.37 times per day. Nutrition education using sms media can be an alternative to increase the consumption of vegetables and fruit in obese students. It is recommended to use other types of media to conduct nutrition education, such as social media which are now so familiar and loved by students. Consumption of vegetables and fruit in obese adolescents is still very low. One of the efforts to improve it is by providing nutrition education. This study aims to compare the effectiveness of leaflets and short message service (SMS) in changing the pattern of vegetable and fruit consumption among obese adolescents. The research design was an experimental study with a non-randomized pre-post test design. This research was conducted for 5 months in which respondents were given intervention for 1 month. The method of selecting subjects using purposive sampling method, the number of samples of each group of 20 people. The Wilcoxon test was used with a significance level of p <0.05. The results showed that the mean score of the group educated with leaflets and SMS had a significant increase (p = 001 and p = 0.002). Where education with leaflets increases the knowledge score by 2.2 points and education via SMS increases the knowledge score by 2.35 points. Education with leaflets and SMS can significantly increase the frequency of vegetable consumption (p = 0.002 and p = 0.005). Where leaflets increased the frequency of vegetable consumption by 1.13 times per day and SMS increased the frequency of vegetable consumption by 1.37 times per day. Nutrition education using sms media can be an alternative to increase the consumption of vegetables and fruit in obese students. It is recommended to use other types of media to conduct nutrition education, such as social media which are now so familiar and loved by students.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-09-10-2020-630
Total View : 362

Abstract : Measurement of ventricular size is important in pediatric patients with hydrocephalus, especially those who are being followed with CSF shunts. 56 computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans from children aged 1 month to 1 year with hydrocephalus (HC), before and after treatment, were measured. Before measurement of thalamo-occipital distance (TOD) was performed only by ultrasound. We suggest implementation of TOD to other imaging modalities such as CT and MRI. Measurements were made in 56 patients with HC and 30 healthy children to determine the normal values and classify its severity. TOD was compared with Evans index and head circumference. We used the Pearson's correlation coefficients and correlations were further differentiated using a t-test statistic. The normal TOD is less than 3 cm. Distance between 3.0-3.7 cm is considered as mild, 3,71-4.4 cm moderate, more than 4,41 cm as severe degree of HC. The TOD measurement is a simple method of evaluating ventricular size in pediatric HC patients. The TOD showed high sensitivity (96%) and specificity (93%) in the diagnosis of HC in children.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-06-10-2020-629
Total View : 441

Abstract : Inguinal hernia is a common surgical disease. Giant inguinoscrotal hernias are more unusual and impose significant impact on quality of life including difficulty with mobility, scrotal skin ulceration and bowel obstruction. Besides it is more challenging in terms of surgical management. Diagnosis of giant inguinoscrotal hernia is straight forward on clinical examination. Nevertheless, with the advent of CT scan, pre-operative contrast-enhanced CT scan is useful for ascertaining the hernia contents, its configuration and measuring the neck of hernia. We report a case of a patient with extremely huge irreducible right giant inguinoscrotal hernias.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-03-10-2020-627
Total View : 372

Abstract : The prevalence of diabetes is increasing worldwide including Indonesia. The major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is cardiovascular disease (CVD). The underlying pathophysiology that increases CVD risk in T2DM is atherosclerosis. Arterial stiffness is associated with atherosclerosis through vascular damage, aging, and endothelial dysfunction. Besides insulin resistance and hyperglycemia, fibrinogen as a marker inflammation and procoagulant state is also an important risk factor in progressing atherosclerosis. We investigated the correlation between fibrinogen as an inflammatory and risk factors of CVD with brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) as a non-invasive method represent arterial stiffness in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. This study was an observational analytic cross-sectional study involved 40 patients with T2DM in Diabetes Outpatient Clinic, Dr. Soetomo general hospital, a tertiary referral hospital in Surabaya, Indonesia. We performed interviews, physical examination, and collected laboratory data including fasting and postprandial glucose, HbA1c, lipid profile, and fibrinogen level. We measured arterial stiffness by calculating the mean of right and left baPWV. The average fibrinogen level in this study was 456.75 ± 142.60 mg/dL and the mean of baPWV was 16.61 ± 2.53 m/s. Patients with HbA1c > 8% had higher fibrinogen levels than patients with HbA1c  8%. There was a positive correlation between fibrinogen level and arterial stiffness in T2DM patients in a tertiary referral hospital in Surabaya, Indonesia.
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