International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal. Azerbaijan Medical Journal

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-30-08-2021-907
Total View : 360

Abstract : Macrophages in diabetes mellitus exhibit certain altered inflammatory and immune functions that include reduced phagocytic capability towards micro-organisms. This could lead to accumulation of excessive dysfunctional macrophages at the diabetic cutaneous wound and also predispose to many macrophage associated lesions such as necrobiosis lipoidica, xanthogranuloma, malakoplakia and rosai-dorfman disease, some of them have a progressive clinical course and could mimic malignancy. Hence, it is important to diagnose them at an earlIer stage to administer proper treatment. In this article, we have discussed macrophage dysfunctions that occur in diabetes mellitus, presented a case of diabetic abscess that exhibited florid histiocytic reaction and described histiocytic lesions that are associated with diabetes mellitus..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-24-08-2021-902
Total View : 8

Abstract : Graves' disease is the most common autoimmune disease, affecting 0.5% of the population in the US, and represents 50–80% of cases of hyperthyroidism. Unanimous consensus exists about the significant morbidities associated with Graves’ disease. Thus, prevention of metabolic syndrome hopefully, will then be able to reduce the already significant disease burden in the country. To find out the incidence of the metabolic syndrome in patients who after receiving pharmacotherapy with thionamides have achieved clinical and biochemical euthyroid status and to evaluate the clinical and biochemical parameters pertaining to the incidence of the metabolic syndrome in patients with Graves’ disease under control. A observational study were conducted among 96 graves’ disease patient with clinical and biochemical euthyroid status after pharmacotherapy who visited a tertiary care hospital in Kolkata. Through systemic random sampling technique, the required number of samples were collected and tested for clinical signs and biochemical parameters pertaining to metabolic syndrome as given in the IDF (2006) criteria. Statistical analysis was done using SPSSv22. 36.05% of the study population developed metabolic syndrome as per the IDF criteria after achieving clinical and biochemical euthyroid status with pharmacotherapy. 29 of the 31 patients who developed metabolic syndrome had BMI within normal range at the diagnosis of Graves’ disease. Proper diet habits, lifestyle modification, appropriate pharmacotherapy and regular follow-up together will predict and prevent the risk of metabolic syndrome as a whole. Reducing risk of metabolic syndrome helps patients to achieve sound health to carry out activities to gain financial stability..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-17-08-2021-892
Total View : 379

Abstract : University students face numerous types of academic stress like tests, theoretical and practical coursework, research activities and various aspects of professional practice. Since stress levels highly affect ANS function, the aim of the present study was to assess the autonomic nervous system function among GMU students by using autonomic reflex tests such as cold pressor test, hand grip test and heart rate variability. From the results, there was a significant association between gender and HRV as well as gender and diastolic blood pressure for isometric hand grip test. For HRV test, a positive correlation between gender and HRV was found where females had a median average score of 74 while males had an average of 80. Furthermore, the total median average of HRV among the participants was 78 which suggests overall that the participants were healthy and in good condition. As for physical activity, smoking and age all had no correlation with HRV since there was no significant association with any. The HR mean value was (91.59±17.605) beats/min and following CPT it increased to (94.24±16.933). The mean value for SBP at resting was (123.53±16.200) and following CPT it increased to (125.33±18.001). The resting DBP mean was (79.32) and following CPT it increased to (82.59). In Isometric handgrip test, there was no significant association between SBP changes and gender/physical activity/smoking. Only 17 students showed hyperactivity based on SBP changes, 9 were males and 8 females. We found a significant association between DBP changes in IHGT and gender only. The results in the study showed that the majority of the students are healthy. ANS testing must be done on students for early detection of dysautonomia..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-17-08-2021-891
Total View : 378

Abstract :

Food safety remains of concern to health workers involved in the recognition, diagnosis and surveillance of foodborne illnesses, and to the food handlers, as it remains to be a major source of morbidity and mortality. Risk prevention associated with foodborne illnesses requires knowledge and awareness regarding personal and food hygiene, and safe practices concerning food handling, preparation and storage. This study aims to evaluate the knowledge and practices among health workers and food handlers, to gain a better understanding of the gaps in knowledge and practice that might result in foodborne illnesses. This cross-sectional study included 100 participants Public Health Specialists and health workers in Food Control Section, Communicable Disease Control Unit, and Health Promotion Specialists working in Ministry of Health, and 100 food handlers. Information concerning demographic data, food safety knowledge and practice were collected using a self-administered questionnaire. 89 health workers had completed the questionnaire, versus 79 from the food handlers’ group. Both health workers and food handlers surveyed, chose correct responses concerning the food microbiology and cross contamination with a percentage ranging from 78.5% to 98.9%. Similar results were found in both groups in relation to food contamination, hygiene, and food handling questions. Both surveyed groups reported high scores concerning personal cleaning and hygiene practices as well as safe food handling practices. The results showed a great level of foodborne disease knowledge among surveyed health workers and food handlers. In addition, the majority of the respondents adhere to appropriate food handling practices.

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Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-16-08-2021-890
Total View : 449

Abstract : Short sleep duration could be a factor of the occurrence of obesity and insulin resistance. Insulin resistance might cause various metabolic problems. Several previous studies have conveyed dissimilar results. The present study aimed to analyze the relationship between sleep duration and insulin resistance in obese adolescents with metabolic syndrome. This study used cross-sectional research design with 124 obese adolescents with metabolic syndrome aged 13-18 years in Surabaya and Sidoarjo as the research subjects. Anthropometry (e.g. weight, height, and waist circumference), blood pressure, and blood tests (e.g. HDL cholesterol, triglyceride, and fasting blood glucose levels) were conducted to determine obesity according to CDC 2000 and metabolic syndrome according to International Diabetes Federation 2007. Insulin resistance was assessed by using HOMA-IR. Sleep duration was determined based on direct interviews with the research subjects. The obtained data were analyzed using Spearman correlation test, Chi-Square, Mann-Whitney, and T-test (significant at p <0.05). The subjects were dominated by male adolescents (67.7%). There was a meaningful relationship between age and sleep duration (p = 0.035). Subjects were divided into two age groups namely those aged 13-15 years and 16- 18 years. The results showed that sleep duration and HOMA-IR values as a marker of insulin resistance had a significant negative correlation (rs=-0.605; p <0.001). Sleep duration has a robust negative correlation with the HOMA-IR value, which is a parameter of insulin resistance..
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