International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-07-04-2020-399
Total View : 198

Abstract : Generic medicines usage is obligated to be applied in all government healthcare facilities in Indonesia as it was re-enforced in the regulation by the Ministry of Health. The objective of this study was to assess beliefs and perceptions towards generic medicines among doctors in Yogyakarta. A cross sectional study was conducted using a validated custom questionnaire developed from previous similar studies. Medical doctors working in local hospitals and clinics were invited to involve in this study. All data were presented descriptively and analyzed by performing Chi-square test with p-values of <0.05 were considered to point out statistical significance. A total of 210 medical doctors succesfully participated in this study. Medical doctors believed that the price of generics medicines is lower than their brand name drugs (3.78 ± 0.97). They perceived that generic substitution will reduce illegal promotion practices from drug manufacturer companies (3.56 ± 0.78). Automatic substitution of original drugs by generics (i.e. by pharmacists) as a policy measure were supported by the participated doctors (3.45 ± 0.67). Medical doctors working in public hospital significantly showed a better score compared to another working site groups (p <0.001). Those with shorter working experience were more likely to have positive perception towards generics drugs (p <0.001). General medical doctors and those who work in rural area also demonstrated significantly better score than their specialist colleagues and those who work in urban area (p<0.001 for both variables). Generally, medical doctors’ perceptions towards generic medicines were positive. The results in this study indicate that several actions in order to maintain and develop more positive perceptions may be necessary. Further national initiative regulation and innovative interventions (i.e incentive plans for health care professionals, monitoring and evaluation plan for generics) are needed in order to support the rational use of generic medicines.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-07-04-2020-398
Total View : 168

Abstract : ''Gingival disease'' and ''dental caries'' consider as distinct diseases around them professional and research displines develop, yet each disease is related with the same oral microbiome compromising mostly commensal microorganisms, similar preventive approach is effective with both diseases. The goal of present research was to find the association between ''gum disease'' and ''dental caries'' in children aged 9 and 12 years. The sample examined in this study consisted of 200 children attended pediatric and preventive teaching clinic at Wasit university. All children subjected to clinical examination to assess the DMFT index according to ''WHO 1997''. Also information obtained about gingival and oral hygiene status by assessment of gingival and plaque index scores according to Silliness and Leo 1963. Only six selected teeth are scored according to'' Ramfjord ''. Data collection started from 2/ January to 20 May 2019. Data analyzed using a statistical package for Spss ''version 24'' for Windows and Excel 2007. The mean value of gingival and plaque indices scores was higher in children aged 9 years than 12 years. Also The mean value of gingival index scores in control, case 1 and case 2 groups was (0.29 ± 0.007), (0.52 ± 0.025) and (0.86 ± 0.024) respectively. Analysis of variance showed highly significant difference between the mean value of plaque index scores in control and in case groups (1, 2). There was strong relation between the severity of gingival disease and the amount of plaque accumulation with dental caries, young children in mix dentition time need proper supervised tooth brushing.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-07-04-2020-396
Total View : 311

Abstract : Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease that makes patients suffer not only because of symptoms of the disease, but also the resultant of general deterioration in their quality of life (QoL). Quality of life among TB patients has developed as the best tool to evaluate tuberculosis therapy outcomes. The aim of this study was to evaluate QoL and related factors among TB patients. A descriptive study with cross-sectional design was performed in November to December 2019. About 156 tuberculosis patients from three lung clinics in Yogyakarta city were recruited to participate in this study. A validated questionnaire consisted of characteristics of demographic and clinical data, and Short Form-36 (SF-36) Quality of Life instrument was used. Descriptive and inferential statistics were chosen. A Mann whitney test was used to test the difference score of QoL among TB patients. The results of the current study indicated that the mean QoL scores among tuberculosis patients in referal hospital in Yogyakarta lower than the normal range (60.45 ± 12.23). The results highlighted that lowest scores for QoL were observed in the domain of vitality (56.35 ± 9.22) followed by domain of social functioning (57.34 ± 8.45). Overall, type of TB, stage of treatment, comorbid, and smoking status were significantly associated with QoL of TB patients. Our study reveals that tuberculosis and its comorbidities have physcial impact as well as social functioning of quality of life. The findings of this study can be the basis for improving TB programs in Yogyakarta in particular and Indonesia in general.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-07-04-2020-395
Total View : 194

Abstract : Mental health literacy is really important among university students since about one-third of university students suffer from a diagnosable mental disorder, and 64% of individuals who dropped out of college did so because of a mental disorder. Although 75% of lifetime disorders have their onset during college years, studies have also shown that college students cannot effectively recognize their mental illness or symptoms. This study aimed to observe the mental health literacy among university students in Yogyakarta, as well as to explore the impact of sociodemographic on the Mental Health Literacy Questionnaire score. A survey-based cross-sectional study, carried out in five universties in Yogyakarta province in January 2020. About 650 health and non-health related field students participated in the study. Mental Health Literacy Questionnaire (MHLq), with previously validated and piloted to non-sample students was delivered. Descriptive analysis and chi-square test were applied to see the association between demographic groups and literacy levels within each sample. Surprisingly, only 18.46% of respondents aware about the mental health status of their friends. The mean of MHLq global score was 113.25, which is relatively low. This study found that gender, level of study, study field, and willingness to join mental health program were significantly affected MHLq global score among students. This study showed that mental health literacy among university students in Yogyakarta was relatively poor. Differences were found regarding gender, level of study, study field, and willingness to join mental health program. More investigations on the mental health literacy of university students Indonesia should be undertaken. Furthermore, intervention such as mental health program to raise and improve awareness about mental health literacy should be embarked on.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-07-04-2020-394
Total View : 219

Abstract : In Indonesia, the number of Covid-19 cases has reached almost 2,000 confirmed cases with a relatively high rate of fatality (9.1%) since it was identified from the beginning of March to April 2020. The objective of this study was to present the knowledge and awareness on Covid-19 among urban community in Yogyakarta. An online cross-sectional survey was conducted in March 15-31, 2020. A set of questionnaire adopted from Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website was developed and validated resulting 6,98 alpha cronbach. Four sections of questionnaire include (1) socidemogpahic characteristics, (2) knowledge and awareness of Covid-19’s symptoms and prevention, (3) Household preparation for Covid-19 outbreak, and (4) Self-assessment of fear and stress related to Covid-19. Response of all participants was presented descriptively. Among 870 respondents, average respondent age was 28.23 ± 10.21 years, mostly female (63.22%) and senior high school as education (50.57%). Overall, the knowledge and awareness among respondents on Covid-19 were in the range of 60-90%. There was a high level of fear and stress in the community as a result of this outbreak, where 95.40% of respondents felt fear and worry about their own health and the health of their loved ones. Facts and valid information from the government are needed to increase knowledge and awareness on Covid-19 among community and reduce the stress caused by the pandemic.
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