International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-29-01-2020-181
Total View : 258

Abstract : Fetal development disorders in pregnancy occur because of the increased need for iodine, while the intake or level of consumption of iodine sourced from household salt and comes from food shortages. Research design is Case-Control with fetal developmental disorders: Intra-Uterine Fetal Death (IUFD), Premature, Low Birth Weight (LBW) and Abortion. Control was taken in the same region and characteristics, derived from secondary data in 6 Public Health Centers (urban and rural) areas. Data collection by interview, observation, and examination of household iodine salt levels with iodine test. Analysis of hypothesis testing with test chi-square and logistic regression with a significance of 5% and a confidence level of 95%. The results showed from 27 cases known as many as 55.6% there was a disruption of fetal development in non-iodized household salt [POR (Prevalence Odds Ratio)]: 2.95 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.66-13.13] and 42, 3% occurs in iodized iodine less salt [POR (Prevalence Odds Ratio): 1.70 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.37-7.85]. The relationship between consumption level and fetal developmental disorder showed that 48.8% experienced fetal developmental disruption at the level of unfavorable consumption of iodine, [POR (Prevalence Odds Ratio): 4.39 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.40-13.68]. Fetal developmental disorders have a large percentage that occurs in respondents in which kitchen salt does not have iodine levels and occurs in respondents with the level of consumption of fewer iodine foods with the most disorders was IUFD and LBW.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-28-01-2020-180
Total View : 184

Abstract : Socio-economic status, lifestyle behaviours, and physical-social factors have been implicated in the development of overweight and obesity. The purpose of this study is to determine the incidence of overweight and obesity in academia and to examine the possible correlation of variables such as socio-economic characteristics, work conditions, physical factors, and behaviour regulation. In this study, the targeted population was the full-time academic and non-academic staff and used Body mass index (BMI) to determine obesity. Along with a pretested self-administered questionnaire to obtain the required data. Data were collected from 143 adults of whom 51% were males and 49% females. Overweight was seen in 50.0% of academics and 39.7% of administrative, irrespective of gender. Obesity was noted in about 20% of academics and 4.76% of administrative. The results showed that sociodemographic factors (age, gender, occupation, and education level), physical-social factors (monthly average household income and anthropometric measurements) and lifestyle behaviours (dietary habits and physical activity patterns) were significantly associated with BMI. In conclusion, this study found a higher prevalence of overweight and obesity among employees of the university and that the sociodemographic, physical and dietary habits were found to contribute to obesity in this research sample.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-28-01-2020-179
Total View : 129

Abstract : This study aimed to assess the ions released from two brands of orthodontic bondable molar tubes after immersion in different mouthwashes. Eighty orthodontic molar tubes; 40 from Orthotechnology® Company and 40 from IOS® Company were immersed in three types of mouthwash (two herbal and one chemical) in addition to distilled water; ten of each type were immersed separately in each media under 37°C for 45 days. Assessment of the ions released was performed using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer and comparisons between the brands and among various mouthwashes were determined by independent sample test and one-way analysis of variance respectively. The results showed statistically highly significant differences in ions released among different types of mouthwashes for both brands; moreover, the tubes from IOS® Company released significantly more ions than that from the Orthotechnology® Company. The number of ions released in herbal mouthwashes was higher than in chemical one, so prolonged use of these mouthwashes is not recommended.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-27-01-2020-177
Total View : 246

Abstract : One of the main reasons for patients to seek orthodontic treatment is esthetic or cosmetic causes. The midline is an essential reference for all esthetic deviations. So, knowledge of the midline will result in an improved understanding of facial and dental esthetics invariably. However, there is numerous methods for determine facial midline, the present study had been established to find the relationship between the facial midline and dental midline in two different methods and compare the results of the two methods. The objective of the present study were to assess the prevalence of facial and maxillary dental midline coincidence and non-coincidence by frontal digital photograph and clinical dental floss examination, assess the distribution of midline coincidence and non-coincidence regarding gender and side, and compare between the result of frontal digital photograph and dental floss examination regarding coincidence and non-coincidence. The sample consist of 110 Iraqi adults (60 females, 50 males) aged 18-25 years. Clinical examination by a digital photograph and dental floss were performed for each individual to determine facial midline. Frontal full-face digital photographs of the subjects (in smile) were made under standardized conditions using a digital mobile camera. Imaging software was used to mark the dental midline and to digitally constructing an Esthetic frame, which was used to mark the facial midline. Also, the facial midline determined clinically by stretching a dental floss from the nation to pogonion passing over the midline of the philtrum to see the correlation with dental midline which represents the vertical line through the tip of the incisal embrasure between the two maxillary central incisors. The results of the present study showed that the non-coincidence of facial and maxillary dental midline results contribute the highest percentage (60%), (51.81%) by photographic analysis and dental floss examination respectively. Maxillary dental midline shift to the right side in the majority of the sample (65.15%), (61.40%) by photographic analysis and dental floss examination respectively. For males and females, the facial midline non-coincidence with maxillary dental midline and shift to the right side in the majority of the sample by both methods. There is no significant difference between the results of photographic analysis and dental floss examination. Facial midline not a coincidence with the maxillary dental midline in the majority of the sample by both methods frontal photograph and dental floss assessment. For male and female, the facial midline non-coincidence with maxillary dental midline and shift to the right side in the majority of the sample by both methods, and there is no significant difference between the frontal photograph and dental floss methods.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-27-01-2020-176
Total View : 46

Abstract : Muscular imbalance plays one of the key factors for impaired relationships between the muscles which prone to the tightness that loses extensibility, and those prone to inhibit loses its normal strength thereby leads to weakness. Individuals with unilateral neck pain exhibit significantly less low trapezius strength on the side of neck pain when compared to the contralateral side. There is a strong association between lower trapezius muscle weakness and neck pain. Hence this study was aimed to compare the effectiveness of lower Trapezius strengthening with isometric neck exercises over lower Trapezius strengthening in relieving pain and reducing disability in patients with chronic neck pain. A comparative study was done for 30 patients with recurrent chronic neck pain were chosen using convenient sampling method from Isari Mission Hospital, Thalambur were picked based on inclusion criteria and Exclusion Criteria They were then divided into two groups Group A – experimental group and Group B – control group and followed up for 2 weeks. The pre-test and post-test values were assessed for the Numeric Rating Scale (NRS), Neck Disability Index (NDI) and Manual Muscle Testing (MMT – MRC). The paired t-test revealed that there was a significant decrease in pain among group A (lower trapezius strengthening with isometric neck exercises) than group B in patients with chronic neck pain. The conclusion of the study is that there was the effectiveness of lower trapezius strengthening with isometric neck exercises in Group A than in Group B in relieving pain and reducing disability in patients with chronic neck pain.
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