International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America Teikyo Medical Journal Journal of the Mine Ventilation Society of South Africa
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-12-05-2020-460
Total View : 343

Abstract : The caries arrest and prevention effect of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) offers a non-invasive and reasonable treatment option in comparison to invasive restorative treatment modalities. However, the staining effect of SDF might force Parents/Guardians (P/G) to reject such treatment due to the change in child esthetic. This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate P/G perceptions of SDF staining produced on anterior and posterior teeth of children with cooperative and uncooperative behaviours. The study model included 62 P/G attended a private pediatric dental clinic centre in Baghdad/Iraq. The P/G accompanied children aged 3-5 years with a high risk of dental caries. Two clear and easy to complete questionnaires were dispensed to the P/G and health care providers to report their responses about SDF staining effect and child cooperation respectively. SDF solution applied to carious lesions of primary teeth by health care providers. Standardised digital images before and after treatment were shown to the P/G to rate whether dark staining is an acceptable or unacceptable result. Responses were analysed using the chi-square test in SPSS software. The results showed a significant association between the P/G acceptance or unacceptance of staining and the area of treatment. Generally, P/G accepted staining on posterior teeth more than anterior teeth especially for those children with un-cooperative behaviour. In conclusion, change in esthetic is a prime concern that affects P/G perception of the treatment between anterior and posterior teeth. However, child behaviour can significantly modulate that perception.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-12-05-2020-458
Total View : 348

Abstract : Within the period of 2009-2015 there were 4241 cases of mortality from coronary heart disease (CHD) in Nur-Sultan city with a gradual decline from 840 cases in 2009 to 510 cases in 2015. As patient age increases, there is a higher mortality rate, which achieves the highest values in age stratum of >75 years. Out of those individuals who are younger than 75 years, the majority were males, while in the senile age group (>75 years), there were two times more females than males. Both women and men had increased mortality rates during the warm season (April-October). There was a significant relationship between average daily air temperature (tav) with lags of 1 and 3 days. With a decrease in ambient air temperature equal to 1°C, the mortality rate increased from 0.993 to 0.994 times, while with the increase in air temperature, the mortality declined, correspondingly. Mortality from CHD decreased together with the increase in effective (ET) and equivalently effective (EET) temperature by 1 °C by 2.17 % and 1.52 %, respectively with the exception of people aged 45-59 years. In patients with CHD aged 18-44 years, an increase in ET by 1ºC was accompanied by the decrease in mortality equal to 0.33 %. An increase in EET by 1°C among the elderly and senile patients reduced the mortality from CHD by 0.45% and 0.48%, respectively. In general, an increase in the average relative air humidity by 1 % leads to the decrease in mortality from CHD by 0.21 %.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-12-05-2020-457
Total View : 308

Abstract :

The NiTi file systems have been launched to dentistry to reduce the chance of endodontic treatment errors. But there is a combining issue, the risk of instrument fracture, mainly due to cyclic fatigue during rotation within a curved canal. This study aimed to compare the cyclic fatigue resistances of Hyflex EDM [Coltene], EdgeOne Fie [EdgeEndo] and One Curve [Micro Mega] instruments at different levels of canal curvature. A total of 60 new files [size 25] divided into three groups and then each group divided into two subgroups, subjected to fatigue tests in two simulated canals with different curvature location, apical [n=10] and middle [n=10]. All instruments were rotated until failure and the number of cycles to failure [NCF] and fragment length[FL] was registered. The results showed that the NCF of all groups were lower in middle curved canal compared to the apical curved canal (P < 0.05). In the apical curved canal, no significant differences in NCF observed between the EO and HEDM files (P > 0.05) but OC files showed a lower significant than others (P < 0.05). In the middle curved canal, no significant difference NCF observed between EO and OC files (P > 0.05), but HEDM showed a lower significant than others (P < 0.05). No statistical difference in the FL among instruments. Concluding that EO Fire instruments had higher resistant to cyclic fatigue, but without significant difference with HEDM at the apical level and without significant difference with OC at the middle level

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Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-09-05-2020-455
Total View : 336

Abstract : Various inpatient studies in Malaysia have reported Klebsiella pneumonia, as the most frequently identified pathogen among patients presenting with lower respiratory infections (LRTI). This finding differs from numerous Western and Asian studies that have reported Streptococcus pneumonia as the most frequently identified pathogen for LRTI. As the microbial pattern of sputum cultures among local outpatients in Malaysia is unknown, this study aimed to examine the most frequently isolated pathogen among this group of patients. A retrospective descriptive study looking at sputum samples sent from adult patients of an academic primary care clinic for a period of one year. 511 sputum samples were received. 22.1% of sputum were positive for an isolate. 77.1% of the cultures did not yield a growth.0.8% of sputum was deemed unsuitable for culture. The most common isolated organism was Klebsiella pneumonia followed by Candida albicans, Pseudomonas aeuroginosa and Haemophilus influenza.Among the Klebsiella isolates, it was 100% sensitive to the cephalosporins and amoxicillin clavulanic acid but was resistant to ampicillin.Although the majority of the sputum cultures did not have a yield,60% of patients were prescribed antibiotics. The overall positive sputum yield from this study was low, 22.1%. The surprising finding in this study is that the most frequently isolated organism was Klebsiella pneumonia, which differs from Western studies but is similar to local inpatient studies.There was high usage of antibiotics in this primary care clinic. However, when an antibiotic was used, the choice of amoxicillin clavulanic acid was appropriate as Klebsiella pneumonia is sensitive to it.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-08-05-2020-454
Total View : 261

Abstract : One of the factors contributing to irrational drug use is low medicine literacy in the community. This study aimed to conduct education intervention for improving medicine literacy among the community, particularly regarding antibiotics and self-medication. This study used one group pretest-posttest design conducted in Yogyakarta city, Indonesia. Purposive sampling was applied to select respondents for the study, which were women active as health cadres. The study began with instrument development to measure medicine literacy regarding antibiotics and self-medication and followed by the development of education material in forms of power point presentation and leaflet. Pretest-posttest to measure the medicine literacy were conducted before and after the intervention. The study involved 82 women as respondents. The mean scores of antibiotics literacy for pretest and posttest were 75.37±14.90 and 80.46±11.47, respectively. Meanwhile, the mean scores of self-medication literacy for pretest and posttest were 72.20±12.48 and 83.35±11.22, respectively. There were significant improvements in literacy regarding antibiotics and self-medication before and after the intervention (p=0.000). Some aspects of medicine literacy still need to be improved including interval and duration of antibiotics use, the indication of antibiotics, and the administration of some drugs due to the dosage forms for self-medication. This study concluded that education intervention using a presentation and leaflet could improve medicine literacy regarding antibiotics and self-medication. However, some aspects of knowledge need further improvement.
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