International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal. Azerbaijan Medical Journal Gongcheng Kexue Yu Jishu/Advanced Engineering Science Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-04-01-2022-1139
Total View : 390

Abstract : Antibiotic resistance of an organism associated dental infections in patients with Orofacial cleft is more common over the past two decades due to irrational usage of antibiotics. It seems to be a major challenge to dental professionals for treating patients. Hence, short term antibiogram study was performed by using methanolic extract of Garcinia imberti bourd against multidrug-resistant (MDR), periodontal pathogens as well as root canal isolates such as Staphylococcus sps, Enterococcus sps and some gram negative isolates porphyromonas sps in dental sample. Samples, from which yielded bacterial strains were subjected into antibiotic susceptibility profile to detect the Multi Drug Resistance, Xtreme Drug Resistance, and Pan Drug Resistance bacteria. Out of 50 samples tested,227 isolates obtained and from this 100 (35.68) MDR 50 (17.18)XDR and PDR 3(1.3% ). The most common MDR root canal isolate was Enterococcus faecalis (66%), followed by rare Staphylococcus sciuri species 46% (13.33%) resulted from periodontics infected cleft palate patient. PDR resistance only observed in gram positive isolates of cleft palate cases. Antibacterial activity of methanolic fraction extract of novel medicinal plant Garcinia imberti Bourd had shown to exhibit potent activity against the drug resistant isolates Enterococcus faecalis (P<0.001) and Staphylococcus sciuri (P<0.001). Enterococcus faecalis showing Resistant to vancomycin (72.56%) but moderate resistance showed against gentamicin (35.6%) followed by Staphylococcus sciuri exhibited the resistant (64.43%) and (25.16%) respectivelyA significantly high resistance was noted to the beta-lactam group of antimicrobials, fluoroquinolones and cotrimoxazole, both by the gram-negative bacilli (GNB) as well as gram-positive cocci (GPC. Methanolic extract fraction of Garcinia imberti bourd could be used for the discovery of phytochemicals with drastic efficacy to battle against multidrug resistant oral isolates..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-03-01-2022-1133
Total View : 359

Abstract : This study aims to determine the effectiveness of a new polyherbal formulation (Onopolis spray gel) which contains Centella asiatica, Aloe vera, Stichopus variegatus, and propolis extracts in HPMC and Carbopol gel bases used in the healing of second-degree burns. This study used a true experimental design with only a post-test control group. The sample used in this study consisted of 15 rats divided into 3 groups including the control, commercial control, and the Onopolis spray gel groups using a second-degree burn model made by attaching hot metal (60°C) for 5 seconds to the backs of shaved rats. The treatment lasted 14 days, with skin samples obtained on days 3, 7, and 14. Additionally, hematoxylin and eosin staining were used in making the preparations. It was also shown that the polyherbal group (Onopolis) and commercial control (Phocagel) was seen to have performed better than the control group (without medication) with re-epithelialization rates of 41.45 %, 42.85 %, and 33.19 % on the 7th day, and 70.09 %, 71.08 %, and 64.66 % on the 14th day, respectively. Conclusion: The polyherbal spray gel formula had the potential to treat second-degree burns..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-02-01-2022-1131
Total View : 411

Abstract : Ligation of intersphincteric fistulous tract (LIFT) was introduced by the Thai surgeon [5]. The present study compared the efficacy of ligation of intersphincteric fistulous tract with that of open fistulectomy procedure in the management of fistula-in-ano in terms of postoperative pain and bleeding, wound healing, recurrence over a period of 6 months and fecal continence. Over a period of 18 months, fistula-in-ano patients attending a tertiary hospital were enrolled in the study. About 46 patients were assigned to Group A (LIFT) and Group B (Fistulectomy) each in a randomized manner. Patients underwent the procedure and were followed up in immediate post-operative period and for a period of six months. The average hospital stay of patients from Group A (2.5 days ± 1.09 SD) was lesser than that of patients in Group B (3.26 days ± 1.02 SD). The wound healing rates were better in those undergoing LIFT in Group A (1.09 ±0.35SD) than in Group B (1.30 ±0.63SD). [p value: 0.043]. Patients in Group A (LIFT group) reported no fecal incontinence, lesser post-operative bleeding and pain, and lesser recurrence. Overall, the present study demonstrated a better side effect profile with LIFT as compared to Fistulectomy; and better short term results. These results are promising and validate the global interest in LIFT. Further research is necessary to cement the role of LIFT in management of fistula-in-ano, particularly in terms of long-term outcomes..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-31-12-2021-1123
Total View : 441

Abstract : This study is conducted to compare harmonic scalpel versus electrocautery in laproscopic cholecystectomy with respect to operative time/complications, post-operative pain and time to resume activity in patients operated in our institute. Prospective observational study was conducted in our institute from September 2019 to August 2021 following approval from Ethical committee of hospital. Prior to surgery, all patients were kept nil by mouth overnight and given a prophylactic antibiotic dose. All of the procedures were conducted by the same surgical team, under general anesthesia, and intra-operative and post-operative data were all documented. Mean age of 100 study sample was 49.50 years (SD – 5.651 years), with highest 63 years and lowest 38 years. Abdominal pain most common complaint present in 60 subjects followed by nausea (20) & vomiting (15). Intraoperative complications more in laproscopic cholecystectomy where gall bladder removed by electrocautery (32) than with harmonic scalpel (5). Bile leak, gall bladder perforation and stone spillage are common complications with electrocautery. Mean surgery duration, frequency of lens cleaning, post-operative pain score for laparoscopic cholecystectomy with harmonic scalpel was lower than with electrocautery and the difference was statistically significant (p=0.000). Mean duration to resume daily activity (days) for laparoscopic cholecystectomy with harmonic scalpel was lower than with electrocautery and the difference was statistically significant (p=0.000). As per our study, we inferred that harmonic scalpel use is associated with less intra-operative time/complication and post-operative pain, as compared with the use of electrocautery..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-31-12-2021-1122
Total View : 465

Abstract : For many years, opening and closing the wall of the abdomen has been a practice of surgical training. Study was a randomized non-blinded clinical trial done within 18 monthsat Department of General Surgery, Dr. DY Patil Medical College, Pimpri, Pune All patients were operated under general anesthesia. In all cases, incisions were extended below the level of the arcuate line. Skin closed with non absorbable material with interrupted mattress sutures. Abdominal drains were kept wherever found necessary using a separate stab incision. Suture material used in study was In mass closure-the abdomen closed using the single layer closure technique with all layers of the abdominal wall sutured in a single layer with POLYPROPYLENE No. 1 curved cutting needle. Continuous suturing and burial of the knots and interrupted mass closure was done in these patients. In layered closure-In this group, the abdomen was closed in layers using a continuous layer of POLYGLACTIN No. 2-0 for peritoneum and posterior rectus sheath and POLYPROPYLENE No. 1 loop suture for anterior rectus sheath. Mean incision closure time was 15.5 ± 2.8 minutes in the mass closure group as compared to 23.4 ± 2.7 minutes in the layered closure technique (p value < 0.001). With lower postoperative mean pain and incidence of burst abdomen in mass closure as compared to the layered closure group. Wound infection rate was similar in the two study groups..
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