International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America Teikyo Medical Journal Journal of the Mine Ventilation Society of South Africa Dokkyo Journal of Medical Sciences
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-03-02-2021-747
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Abstract : Since the nurses' attitude towards research influence their willingness to engage in research and apply research findings in clinical settings to promote optimum care for patients through evidence‑based nursing practice; nurses need to possess updated knowledge of recent researches and have the ability to refine their acquired knowledge and services to improve the quality of healthcare. However, studies on this topic in Palestine are lacking. This study was aimed to examine nurses’ attitudes and perceptions towards nursing research. A quantitative, cross-sectional design was conducted among randomly selected nurses (n=310) at four Palestinian hospitals. With informed, voluntary consent, data were collected utilizing a self‑administered questionnaire at their workplace. This study results revealed that nurses held a neutral to slightly positive attitude towards nursing research. Breakdown of individual items shows attitudes toward research are positive when looking at the payoff and benefits of research. Nurses showed a slightly positive attitude towards nursing research. Therefore, there is an urgent need to improve research training in our hospital in terms of carrying out and promote the use of nursing research..
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International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-03-02-2021-746
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Abstract : Workplace bullying has increased lately. Interests to study the prevalence of workplace bullying and its associated factors have been steadily growing recently. 437 Bahraini female workers, aged 18 years or more responded. Our sample was collected through a convenient sample of HCWs working in 15 randomly chosen health centres. A NAQ-R questionnaire was sent to them. In this study, 76.2% of the participating Bahraini female HCW’s subjectively reported that they had not been bullied in the past six months. The mean score on the NAQ-R was M31.59+-SD10.90 with a range from 22 to 108.There was a significant relationship between the type of work and the work system. The number of sick leaves increased by those who experience bullying. Half of the HCWs respondents didn’t know about the presence of any support system. Violence against female HCWs in Bahrain is a prevalent problem. Enforcing the rules and regulations is a great way to avoid conflict and therefore bullying. Educating the female workers about the available support system is highly recommended..
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International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-01-02-2021-745
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Abstract : The present study was to evaluate the role of Galactin-3 in Schizophrenia Disease and the relationship of Oxidative Stress and Inflammation. A total A total of 66 patients, 33 Schizophrenia and 33 normal, who were not diagnosed with acute or chronic infection that have been shown to affect galectin-3 levels, were included in the study. Categorical fluency tests have been carried out using different scales and ELISA method was used to measure galectin-3 level. The findings of the study showed that Galectin-3 level of the Schizophrenia’s group was found higher than the control group (Schizophrenia 7.52 [2.22-16.19], control 7.02 [1.87-20]. However, it was not statistically significant (p = 0.211). According to the results, galectin-3 levels of Schizophrenia’s patients according to SAPS score; the galectin-3 levels of patients in the moderate-severe Schizophrenia (stage 6) group were found to be statistically significantly higher (moderate-severe stage 10.34 [4.83-11.99], mild-moderate stage 8.54 [2.82-15.63], control 6.71 [2.67-32]; p= 0.012). These findings support the existence of galectin-3, which is thought to have an important place in the pathogenesis of Schizophrenia Disease in the literature..
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International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-30-01-2021-743
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Abstract : The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of two commonly used flap techniques (envelop flap and triangular flap) for the removal of impacted mandibular third molars on the postoperative wound dehiscence. The effect of the number of sutures placed distal to the second molar on the wound dehiscence was also assessed in the study. Fifty patients requiring surgical removal of partially-erupted mesioangular impacted mandibular third molars were randomly assigned to either envelop flap group or triangular flap group with twenty-five patients in each group. Surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molars was performed in both the groups. Wound dehiscence was evaluated on the seventh postoperative day. There was a strong negative correlation (rs = -0.404) existed between the number of sutures placed and the incidence and severity of wound dehiscence which was statistically significant (p = 0.004) at the 0.01 significance level. Though the severity of wound dehiscence was slightly higher in triangular flap group (Mean rank = 28.12) than envelop flap group (Mean rank = 22.88), the difference was not statistically significant (p= 0.183) at the 0.05 significance level. The results of our study reveal that though, the incidence and severity of wound dehiscence was slightly higher with the triangular flap than with the envelop flap, the difference was not statistically significant. In regards to the number of sutures placed distal to the second molar, the incidence and severity of wound dehiscence decreases as we place more number of sutures..
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International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-28-01-2021-742
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Abstract : A common medical condition in Iraq is chronic kidney disease. Anemia seems to be a serious complication of chronic kidney disease which can be attributed to many factors. The introduction of Erythropoiesis stimulating agents (ESA) has made a dramatic change in the management of renal anemia; however, low sensitivity to Erythropoiesis stimulating agents or increase dose required has been noted in a considerable proportion of ESA receiving patients and it has been linked to adverse outcomes. Vitamin D3 deficiency has a main role in the pathogenesis of CKD; the studies have shown a pleotropic effect of vitamin D3 as anti- inflammatory agent beyond its critical role in calcium homeostasis. Two groups as below to be enrolled in this study for three months divided as: Group A: 20 patients with end stage renal disease (ESRD) on regular hemodialysis will receive only epoitinalpha 4000 IU twice weekly. Group B: 20 patients with ESRD on regular hemodialysis will receive epoitin alpha 4000 IU twice weekly plus 50,000 IU/week of nutritional vitamin D3 for ten weeks. The results in this study showed the treatment group has significant increase in vitamin D3, Hb and (p≤0.05) but significant decrease (p≤0.05) in ERI. While the result of control group showed not significant change in Hb and ERI but significant decrease (p≤0.05) in vitamin D3. Restoration vitamin D3 to the normal level could be occur by administration 500000IU accumulative dose of vitamin D3 supplement and this increasing may influence on reducing the dose of ESA needed or hypo responsiveness and improving of anemia state for the hemodialysis patients..
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