International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-28-03-2021-815
Total View : 412

Abstract : Management of the airway is central to the practice of anaesthesia. The sole method used by anaesthesiologists to insert an endotracheal tube into the trachea was direct laryngoscopy for almost 60 years. There was a search for a better and bigger angle of vision especially during difficult intubations and this led to the development of devices using video assistance for laryngoscopy such as the C-MAC video laryngoscope. The aim of our study was to compare the C-MAC video laryngoscope and Macintosh laryngoscope with regards to glottic opening, ease of intubation and haemodynamic response. The study was conducted in the department of Anaesthesiology at DY Patil Medical College, Hospital and Research Centre, Pimpri, Pune. 60 patients between the ages of 18-65 years belonging to ASA class I and II undergoing elective surgery under general anaesthesia were studied as per the inclusion criteria. Group A patients were intubated with C-MAC video laryngoscope and Group B patients with Macintosh laryngoscope. Both groups were comparable with respect to their demographic profile. With respect to visualisation of the glottis, in the C-MAC group, 70% subjects had CL grade 1, 26.5 % subjects had CL grade 2 and 3.5 % subjects had CL grade 3. In the Macintosh group, 26.5 % subjects had CL grade 1, 40% subjects had CL grade 2 and 33.5 % patients had CL grade 3. This result is statistically significant (p <0.05). With regard to ease of intubation, 21 (70%) patients showed intubation difficulty score (IDS) grade 1 and 7 (24%) patients showed IDS grade 2 and 2 (6%) patients showed IDS grade 3 with CMAC. 3 (10%) patients showed IDS grade 1, 15 (50%) patients showed grade 2 and 12 (40%) patients showed grade 3 with Macintosh laryngoscope. This result is statistically significant (p <0.05). The need for external laryngeal manipulation or the use of a bougie to assist intubation was also significantly less in the C-MAC group as compared to the Macintosh group (p >0.05). Heart rate, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure and mean arterial pressure all did rise following laryngoscopy and intubation in both the groups but the changes were less significant with the C-MAC laryngoscope as compared to the Macintosh laryngoscope (P < 0.05). Based on our study, we concluded that there is improved glottic visualisation and there is more ease of intubation with the C-MAC video laryngoscope as compared to the Macintosh laryngoscope. The haemodynamic pressor response following laryngoscopy and intubation was less with the C-MAC video laryngoscope as compared to the Macintosh laryngoscope. There was no significant difference in the mean intubation time and the number of attempts between the two groups..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-28-03-2021-814
Total View : 0

Abstract : A novel coronavirus is an emerging infectious disease that has been declared as public health emergency, many psychological and emotional impact is evident. Which created a lot of concern among people leading to increased levels of anxiety. The study aimed to assess anxiety level and coping strategies among nursing students during the COVID-19 pandemic in Palestine. A cross-sectional study was conducted between January 1st and March 1st, 2021, at the Arab American University of Palestine (AAUP), to assess the anxiety and coping strategies among nursing students during COVID-19 pandemic. The questionnaire included demographic information on students including gender, age, year of the study, family status and place of residency. Generalized Anxiety Disorder 7- Item Scale (GAD-7) was used with a suggested cut-off point of 10 for defining moderate anxiety and with a cut-off point of 15 for defining severe anxiety. A total of 836 Palestinian undergraduate Nursing students living across a number of governorates in the West Bank and the 1948 Palestinian Lands participated in the study. The Study revealed high levels of anxiety among nursing students during COVID-19 pandemic, while Students believing that coping with stress can strengthen them, example of these coping are putting the trust in God, turning to work or other substitute activities, enjoying the jokes about the situation. This study showed a higher level of anxiety toward COVID-19. Also, Students believe that coping with stress can strengthen them. Interviews with students may be helpful to assess their coping strategies..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-28-03-2021-813
Total View : 299

Abstract : Neck masses are swellings or enlargements of structures in the area between inferior border of mandible and clavicle. The inadequacy of physical examination in accurate evaluation of neck masses has been very well established. Aim of present study is to evaluate the neck masses clinically and find its correlation with imaging and cytopathology. This is a descriptive observational cross-sectional study of 60 cases of Neck swellings admitted in Surgery OPD at Medical College during the period of August 2018 to September 2020. Data collection included a detailed history, thorough clinical examination and investigations like ultrasonography, FNAC and histopathology which is entered in proforma, tabulated and analysed using software package (SPSS 22.0). Most of the patients are between 31-40years with female preponderance. Most of the patients presented with Thyroid swellings (63%). Simple colloid goitre is seen in 18.33% cases followed by nodular goitre (15.00%) on ultrasonography. Most common diagnosis on FNAC and histopathology is nodular goitre. The sensitivity and specificity of ultrasonography in diagnosing malignant lesions is 58.33% and 100% respectively and of FNAC is 64.28% and 95.65% respectively. Thyroid swellings are most common neck swellings with a high predisposition to develop in females. Ultrasonography and FNAC carry a significant sensitivity and specificity in diagnosing malignant lesions which correlates with histopathology results. Early diagnosis and necessary surgery can prevent long term complications..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-25-03-2021-811
Total View : 311

Abstract : Workplace violence is described by the World Health Organization as occurrences in which employees are harassed, endangered in situations connected to the job, as well as traveling into and since work posing an overt or implied threat to their security and health. (WV) is listed as one of the world's leading causes of workplace disability, and is widespread in health settings in Arab countries and Iraq as well. Nursing staff have the highest recorded incidence of interpersonal violence in Iraq, posing a major concern for healthcare professionals. Different researchers concentrate on prevalence rates of violence against nurses in hospitals, addressing forms of violence, position and background of violence in the workplace. Thus, some form of occupational violence has been encountered by most Iraqi nurses, that may contribute to harm and abuse and reduced job performance. Reports have described the impact of violence in the workplace on the employee satisfaction of nurses and patient safety, but few studies have been done about whether aggression in the workplace influences patient safety via employee satisfaction. Ultimately, abuse against nurses is perceived by the nursing community to be a dynamic and chronic workplace risk. In the health care sector, nurses are among the most abused staff. Nurses are too often subject to abuse, primarily from clients, relatives of patients, visitors and caregivers team. The goal of this review is to examine nurse abuse and workplace challenges..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-22-03-2021-803
Total View : 374

Abstract : Vitamin D levels have been proven to influence many malignancies such as Colonic and Prostate cancer. Although observational studies have shown similar protective effect in influence, prospective and Randomised Control Trials do not support the same. This has caused confusion. The aim of this study was to correlate low levels of vitamin D3 as a risk factor for CA breast and to study the relationship between vitamin D levels and Disease free survival, Progress of the disease and Recurrence of disease. We conducted a Prospective (Nested) Case Control study on patients above 30 years of age, attending the Out Patient Department of General Surgery in Dr. D.Y. Patil Medical College, Pimpri, Pune. The study has two parts Baseline Vitamin D levels are assessed and tabulated between breast cancer patients and patients without breast cancer. The breast cancer patients (Nested) were divided into two groups, Group A: Received Vitamin D was supplementation and Group B: No Vitamin D supplementation was given. These two groups were prospectively followed up for 18 months to see relationship with Disease free survival, Recurrence and Progress of the disease. Vitamin D levels were significantly lower in Breast Cancer patients compared to normal ones, in both premenopausal and postmenopausal women. Vitamin D supplementation did not significantly improve Disease Free survival, Recurrence and Disease Progression. This study has found that there is a significant inverse association between Vitamin D levels and breast cancer risk. Women with Vitamin D levels lesser than 20 ng/ml have higher risk of breast cancer. Low Vitamin D levels is a significant risk factor of breast cancer, independent of menopausal status and Hormone receptor status. We also found, in the 18 months of follow up, Vitamin D supplementation has a weakly positive influence disease free survival, recurrence and progress of the disease. A larger study with a similar design and longer follow up will provide stronger evidence so that standardized protocols can be drawn regarding Vitamin D levels in breast cancer..
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