International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-23-04-2020-440
Total View : 243

Abstract : Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract are the most common congenital diseases diagnosed in infants, which actually accounts for 15-20% of all congenital anomalies. The prevalence of these anomalies in the United States is estimated to be 3-6 persons per 1000, with a prevalence of 0.1% in prenatal ultrasound and 1% in post-natal sonography in the absence of any systemic disease. These anomalies are responsible for 34-59% of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and 39% of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) in children, affecting one's growth, puberty, and perception. Congenital renal and urinary malformations are a group of structural health problems that result from a defect in embryonic kidney development and account for approximately 30-60% of all congenital malformations. This cross-sectional study was performed to determine the prevalence of Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) using ultrasound in neonates referred to Imam Khomeini Hospital of Ilam. The study population included all neonates referred to the neonatal ward of Imam Khomeini Hospital in Ilam, during the years 2018 to 2019. This study showed that the prevalence of CAKUT in neonates in Ilam city was higher than those in studies conducted abroad; also, hydronephrosis was the most common anomaly among different anomalies. The prevalence of congenital renal and urinary tract anomalies was significantly higher in preterm infants, LBWs, males, and mothers with a history of gestational diabetes.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-22-04-2020-439
Total View : 254

Abstract : Patients with overweight, obesity and metabolic risks, need professional weight management according to the developed weight control schemes, consisting of diet, exercises and behavioral therapy. The article considers the results of a survey of doctors about modern methods of weight loss and their use in treatment and prevention work with patients with overweight and obesity. The aim of the study provided was to assess the impact of general practitioners’ awareness on weight loss methods in managing patients with somatic diseases. In total one-step cross-sectional assessment was conducted using a survey of 56 primary care physicians about bariatric methods in the treatment of somatic diseases. Medical records followed by participated GPs of 321 patients with a body mass index >35, with manifestations of the metabolic syndrome, was copied. The statistical method included descriptive statistics with an average calculation for quantitative variables. Correlation analysis is performed using the calculation of the Spearman coefficient, to determine the relationship between the level of awareness of GPs and weight loss methods assigned by GPs. A low level of awareness of GPs on drug and surgical weight management was established (1 and 3 points from a 10-point scale, respectively). A direct strong link was established with the level of awareness and the choice of a weight loss method assigned by GPs (p = 0.0000001-0.00000001). The most preferred forms of postgraduate education for obtaining information on modern methods of treatment were determined - scientific and practical conferences and thematic lectures (9.2 and 8.9 points, respectively). Weight management is an important component in the dynamic observation of chronic non-contagious diseases. Creating resources for postgraduate education of primary care physicians implies the inclusion of bariatric methods in the GP training/retraining program, and the development of thematic lectures system.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-22-04-2020-438
Total View : 311

Abstract : It is being revealed that the advent of technology has remarkably contributed to the development of human society. Advance technology has both sides affecting us either positively or negatively; Nomophobia is a pathological fear of being out of contact with smartphones, having no network, or having insufficient balance or battery. Thus, this study has been conceptualized to investigate gender differences of nomophobia experiences among undergraduate students in Oman. A descriptive correlational and cross-sectional study design was chosen to achieve the research purpose among SQU undergraduate students. The total sample was 578 based on defined inclusion criteria. Nomophobia was identified using a self-report instrument, the Nomophobia Questionnaire, which includes 20 Likert scale items rated from 1 (“strongly disagree”) to 7 (“strongly agree”). 578 participants met the eligibility criteria, the age of the respondents ranged from 18 to 25, and the mean age was approximately 21.0 years. The majority of the participants were female (60.4%), single (94.6%), and lived in-campus (53.1%). The mean score nomophobia was 82.9 indicating a moderate level of nomophobia. Female students reported a higher level of nomophobia compared to males. However, no statistical difference was found among them. This study found a high prevalence of nomophobia in both genders with no statistical differences. More studies should be conducted in this area to address the cultural differences, Emotional intelligence, and social support as another aspect affecting the experiences of nomophobia between both genders.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-20-04-2020-437
Total View : 199

Abstract : Individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have been found to have higher risks of depression. A better understanding prevalence depression comorbidity may provide key insight for managing multiple comorbidities in primary care and tailored therapeutic interventions. The purpose of this study was to observe the depression symptoms among T2DM outpatients in Yogyakarta and Sleman primary care based on the patient health questionnaire (PHQ-9). A cross-sectional survey was carried out at six primary health centers of Yogyakarta city. During September to December 2019, diabetes mellitus type 2 patients in Prolanis group was recruited. A pre-validated instrument consisted of sociodemograhics and clinical information and A 9-item Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ 9) scale was used. All data obtained were analyzed descriptively, and Chi-square test was used to determine association between variables and depression symptoms. Most of 475 study participants had minimal depression symptoms score based on PHQ-9 questionnaire. The majority of participants experienced fatigue, insomnia, depressed mood, and loss of appetite symptoms. Association between characteristics participants and severity of depression based on PHQ-9 were found in smoking status, diabetes duration, blood glucose control, comorbidities, and complication showed statistically significant. This study showed that mental health problem especially depression found in type 2 diabetes mellitus outpatient in Yogyakarta and Sleman primary care. Association was found regarding smoking status, diabetes duration, blood glucose control, comorbidities, and complications. Mental health should be a concern to medical practitioners since it linked to poor clinical outcomes and self-monitoring blood glucose.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-20-04-2020-435
Total View : 193

Abstract : This study is performed to assess the correlation between some serum cytokine levels with vitamin D status as well as the bone mineral density in blood samples obtained from 100 Iraqi β-thalassemic major matching in age and gender with 100 healthy control subjects whom collected from Al- Alkarama Teaching hospital during December 2018 to August 2019. Measurement serum levels of Transforming growth factor -β, Interleukin -35,Tumor necrotic factor-α, and vitamin D were done using ELISA kits, as well biochemical measurements of serum alkaline phosphatase, inorganic phosphorus, in addition to the serum calcium have been performed through conventional colorimetric methods.Furthermore,the results indicated significant alteration in all serum cytokines studied levels as well biochemical parameters in the β-thalassemic major patients when compared to the healthy control subjects. Our information suggests the presence of severe deficiency of vitamin D, in addition to the imbalanced immune conditions including immunosuppressant and inflammation in the thalassemia β-major patients, that might be changed to extra efficient immune response through the intake antioxidants.
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