International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal. Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption Fa yi xue za zhi Dianzi Yu Xinxi Xuebao/Journal of Electronics and Information Technology Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment Consultant (ISSN:0010-7069) Jiaotong Yunshu Xitong Gongcheng Yu Xinxi/ Journal Of Transportation Systems Engineering And Information Technology

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-18-12-2023-1671
Total View : 477

Abstract : Teratoma is the second most common germ cell tumor type in the pediatric and adolescent age group and is found as a component in 50% of mixed germ cell tumors. Very rarely during or following chemotherapy for mixed germ cell tumors, enlarging residual masses appear consisting of only mature teratoma components which is called growing teratoma syndrome. A 16-year adolescent male presented with painless left testicular swelling. Radiological and biochemical investigations including serum tumor markers were performed. Left high inguinal orchidectomy was done which on histopathological examination revealed mixed germ cell tumor comprising of seminoma and embryonal cell carcinoma. Chemotherapy was started to which patient responded. After 3 months follow up PET scan revealed faint to low grade FDG avid multiple lumps or lymph nodal masses in the lung and abdomen, which were removed surgically. The serum tumor markers were within normal limits. Histopathological examination from all the masses showed mature teratoma component only while lung showed necrosis only. Hence the diagnosis of growing teratoma syndrome was considered. One should be aware of this rare entity and it is necessary to diagnose it in order to prevent unnecessary chemotherapy and allow optimal management. Prognosis is excellent after the complete excision of this tumour. It is usually found in non seminomatous GCTs but very rare to be found in mixed GCTs. The present case was a diagnostic challenge as it was spread throughout the body and mimicked metastasis..
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International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-14-12-2023-1670
Total View : 457

Abstract : Alprazolam (ALP) is one of the most frequently prescribed benzodiazepine group of drugs used in the treatment of anxiety disorders whereas caffeine is frequently consumed in everyday life. In this present work, some clinically important enzymes like aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT), associated with heart, liver and kidney functions were studied in serum and tissue extracts of Swiss-albino male rat after intraperitoneal administration of them separately and in combination. When the rats (n=6) were treated with ALP or Caffeine separately for two months along with a placebo group (n=6), the levels of both the enzymes increased in serum and tissue extracts. But when both ALP and caffeine were administered together, the increase in enzymatic levels was less than that of their individual treatment. These observations suggest that prolonged usage of ALP or caffeine increase the levels of AST, ALT in serum and tissue extracts due to cellular damage and tissue degeneration, raising a possibility to smash up the general health. While taken together, they cause the cellular necrosis and lower the production of both AST and ALT, causing more destruction to the vital organs..
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International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-12-12-2023-1669
Total View : 403

Abstract : Caries Management by Risk Assessment (CAMBRA) is an evidence-based contemporary procedure to arrest, prevent and reverse clinically manifested dental caries. CAMBRA is more preventive and less restorative than conventional way of caries treatment. It has shown promising results in reduction of caries prevalence but it has not been widely accepted by the dentists around the globe, especially in developing countries. Sudanese dentists are no exemption and mostly found treating the caries by old fashioned “drilling and filling” despite the fact they possess updated pedagogic knowledge about modern methods of caries management. This study will help us gather the basic data about the status of caries management in Sudan. If found necessary to bring in any alteration in the caries management modality, strategies will be developed at the curricular level in the University of Khartoum. The aim of this survey was to report on (assess) knowledge of senior dental students, general dental practitioners, postgraduate students and specialist in Conservative and Pediatric Dentistry at Khartoum University about current caries management rules versus their clinical practices. This observational cross-sectional study was purely concerning academics and was done at Khartoum University, the oldest university in the country, where such academic studies can be conducted. A content validated questionnaire was distributed among senior dental students and dentists working in Paediatric and Conservative Departments at Khartoum University. The clinical undergraduate and post graduate students studying at Faculty of Dentistry, Khartoum University in Sudan responded at a modest response rate of 80 % inclusive of both genders. It is evident from the findings of this study that most of the responding students have comprehensive knowledge about clinical management of caries but clinical implementation of this educational knowledge is almost non-existing. Updated pedagogic knowledge about modern methods of caries management were taught to students yet, new strategies will have to be developed at undergraduate level to prepare future dentist well abreast with modern conventions of caries treatment..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-27-11-2023-1666
Total View : 481

Abstract : Male involvement in maternal care are the things which are done during the prenatal, childbirth and postpartum periods of pregnancy by the male spouse in order to support the mother. Male involvement in maternity care remains a significant challenge as most men don’t fully understand their roles in maternal care. This study helps to determine the extent of male involvement in maternity care. descriptive cross-sectional study was used in the study to evaluate spouse’s perception of their involvement during pregnancy, labour and puerperium in Ogbomosho town. Random sampling technique was used Common factors aiding the presence or otherwise of spouses in maternity care is regarded as determinant or deterrent. The major determinants of spousal support in maternity care included availabilty of funds(79.6%), privacy(62.5%), paternity leave period(67.6%), religious perspective(71.5%), nature of work(75.3%) whereas the major deterrents includes attitude of health care workers(72.4%), Nature of work(67.9%), non availability of funds(64.5%) and commuter marriage(59.3%).The age of respondents and their type of marriage had a statistic significant relationship with their spousal support in maternity care.(p=0.017;0.014) Of particular interest was the fact that the attitude of the health workers was an important and statistically significant determinant and deterrent to spousal involvement or support in maternity care respectively. (p=0.018;0.020) When respondents were asked about paternity leave, majority felt it was a positive development and that the timing and duration was appropriate. Male/Spousal support is an important part of maternity care and has been seen to greatly help improve maternal outcomes and neonatal care, as it exposes men to actually see the dangers in having poor maternal health care..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-16-10-2023-1653
Total View : 422

Abstract : Effective healthcare delivery hinges on a robust and reliable safety net that physicians can rely on to provide quality care to patients. This case series outlines the essential components of a safety net in healthcare services and offers guidelines for best practices. In an era of evolving healthcare systems, the role of the physician's safety net becomes increasingly crucial. This paper delves into the key elements of an effective safety net, including communication and collaboration among healthcare providers, patient engagement, data utilization, and the use of emerging technologies. We emphasize the importance of proactive care management, early intervention, and personalized patient-focused solutions. By exploring case studies and success stories, this paper demonstrates how healthcare providers can optimize their safety nets to improve patient outcomes, reduce healthcare costs, and enhance the overall quality of care. In a world where healthcare systems are constantly evolving, the implementation of best practices in safety nets is not only an ethical responsibility but also a strategic imperative for healthcare organizations striving to achieve excellence in patient care. This abstract offers a foundation for healthcare professionals and administrators to understand and implement guidelines for best practices in utilizing a physician's safety net in healthcare services..
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