International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America Teikyo Medical Journal Journal of the Mine Ventilation Society of South Africa
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-07-04-2020-395
Total View : 197

Abstract : Mental health literacy is really important among university students since about one-third of university students suffer from a diagnosable mental disorder, and 64% of individuals who dropped out of college did so because of a mental disorder. Although 75% of lifetime disorders have their onset during college years, studies have also shown that college students cannot effectively recognize their mental illness or symptoms. This study aimed to observe the mental health literacy among university students in Yogyakarta, as well as to explore the impact of sociodemographic on the Mental Health Literacy Questionnaire score. A survey-based cross-sectional study, carried out in five universties in Yogyakarta province in January 2020. About 650 health and non-health related field students participated in the study. Mental Health Literacy Questionnaire (MHLq), with previously validated and piloted to non-sample students was delivered. Descriptive analysis and chi-square test were applied to see the association between demographic groups and literacy levels within each sample. Surprisingly, only 18.46% of respondents aware about the mental health status of their friends. The mean of MHLq global score was 113.25, which is relatively low. This study found that gender, level of study, study field, and willingness to join mental health program were significantly affected MHLq global score among students. This study showed that mental health literacy among university students in Yogyakarta was relatively poor. Differences were found regarding gender, level of study, study field, and willingness to join mental health program. More investigations on the mental health literacy of university students Indonesia should be undertaken. Furthermore, intervention such as mental health program to raise and improve awareness about mental health literacy should be embarked on.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-07-04-2020-394
Total View : 219

Abstract : In Indonesia, the number of Covid-19 cases has reached almost 2,000 confirmed cases with a relatively high rate of fatality (9.1%) since it was identified from the beginning of March to April 2020. The objective of this study was to present the knowledge and awareness on Covid-19 among urban community in Yogyakarta. An online cross-sectional survey was conducted in March 15-31, 2020. A set of questionnaire adopted from Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) website was developed and validated resulting 6,98 alpha cronbach. Four sections of questionnaire include (1) socidemogpahic characteristics, (2) knowledge and awareness of Covid-19’s symptoms and prevention, (3) Household preparation for Covid-19 outbreak, and (4) Self-assessment of fear and stress related to Covid-19. Response of all participants was presented descriptively. Among 870 respondents, average respondent age was 28.23 ± 10.21 years, mostly female (63.22%) and senior high school as education (50.57%). Overall, the knowledge and awareness among respondents on Covid-19 were in the range of 60-90%. There was a high level of fear and stress in the community as a result of this outbreak, where 95.40% of respondents felt fear and worry about their own health and the health of their loved ones. Facts and valid information from the government are needed to increase knowledge and awareness on Covid-19 among community and reduce the stress caused by the pandemic.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-07-04-2020-393
Total View : 168

Abstract : The prevalence of self-medication in Yogyakarta is quite high. Nonetheless, there are very few concrete data related to self-medication among children. The aim of this study is to explain the causes, common symptoms and medication type of self-medication among children asked by mother in the province of Yogyakarta. A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out among mothers of children under 126 years of age who attended the outreach program held by Primary Health Center, from October to December 2019. A convenience sampling was performed based on informed consent given. A validated questionnaire on self-medication practice for children, symptoms usually medicated, and types of medicine was collected. Data was was analysed using SPSS 21.0. The main reasons for mothers to self-medicate their children were past experience with similar conditions (75.00%), perception of low severity (65.00%) and leftover medicine at home (58.00%). Fever (70.00%), cough and cold (57.50%), diarrhea (41.00%), allergies (35.83%), and skin problem (32.83%) were commonly symptoms alleviated by self-medication. Frequently used medicine class were antipyretics (63.00%), cough and cold syrup (51.67%), and antibiotics (42.83%). Self-medication among children is very common and difficult to be monitored. It is necessary to educate mothers about the proper use of self-medication.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-07-04-2020-392
Total View : 129

Abstract : Practice of contraception is really important to improved health and quality of life, decrease global maternal mortality, health benefit for maternal and her child, and economic efficiency. Furthermore, women who need a contraception has any reason for choose a contraception method. This study aimed to observe practice of contraception use among rural women in Yogyakarta. A self-reported questionnaire, using cros-sectional study design was employed. Childbearing age and married women was recruited during the Empowerment Program for Family Planning in November 2019, involving rural villages representing poorest area in two districts, Sleman and Bantul. A systematic sampling was selected to choose 564 households with women 21–50 years old or children under five. Women are being asked the current use of contraceptive method and their contraceptive provider. Influencers in contraception use and experiencing of side effects were also being asked including reasons of its use. Data were presented descriptively in number and proportion. Most of participants (37.23 %) used hormone injection, one of fifth (23.94 % and 21.28 %) used intrauterine device and oral pills. Each of participants used other methods of contraception such as sterile method (11.52 %) and condom (6.03 %). Unfortunately, this study showed 41.84 % of participants reported having experience side effect of contraception use regarding weight gain (70.76 %), nausea (28.81 %), and headache (23.73 %). This study showed that practice of contraception among rural women in Yogyakarta was dominantly three main methods such as hormone injection, intrauterine device, and pills methods. On the other hand, participants reported having experience side effect of contraception use regarding weight gain, nausea, and headache. Furthermore, intervention such as counselling and provide an information to increase knowledge and improve awareness about contraception should be doing intensively.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-07-04-2020-391
Total View : 143

Abstract : Global health expenditure continues to rise annually, one of the components is medicine use. To date, there are still a lot of controversy developed in the population regarding generic medicine. This study was aimed to explore the community pharmacists’ perception about generic medicine and their attitude towards substitution of brand-name medicine to generic. A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted, involving 250 community pharmacists in Yogyakarta. A self-administrated anonymous questionnaire was used as an assessment tool. A pre-validated questionnaire was delivered to the community pharmacists during September to December 2019. The questionnaire is consisted of three parts, including sociodemographic and practice characteristics, 10-item perception on generic medicines, and lastly, a-6 item statement on attitudes toward generic substitution. Data were analyzed in descriptive and inferential using logistic regression, with p-value less than 0.05 were considered significant. Most of the community pharmacists believed that generic medicine is more affordable than brand-name medicine (3.78±0.67). They believe that generic medicine has equals effectiveness (2.98±0.82), safety (3.32±1.03), and quality (3.51±1.21) with brand-name medicine. They also believed that pharmacists’ authority to switch brand-name medicine towards generic medicine (3.86±0.45) and absence of interference from physicians (3.56±0.57) will give confidence to patients. Hereafter, 90% of the community pharmacists offer their patients generic medicine, 74.8% suggest generic medicine due to patients’ economic status, and 60.8% educate patients about switching medicine. The community pharmacists who serve insurance patients (OR 2.34; CI 1.34-3.23) or located in urban (OR 2.12; CI 1.09-3.21) or serving prescription ≥ 20 per day (OR 2.18; CI1.78-2.96) likely to do generic substitution. The community pharmacists’ perception regarding generic medicine were positive. They also had a good attitude towards generic medicine substitution. Furthermore, the obvious guideline regarding condition that allow pharmacists to substitute medicine is needed.
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