International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-21-07-2020-543
Total View : 426

Abstract : Minimum intervention dentistry has become a field of great interest in modern restorative dentistry. Preserving tooth structure is critical for the longevity of teeth and restorations. Therefore, various defect-oriented restorations have evolved. Loss of tooth structure may be due to caries or non-carious lesions such as tooth wear. An increasing number of patients visit dental offices with tooth wear. The main problem in case of tooth wear is usually related to occlusal surfaces. In the past, treatment of such patients typically required full crown preparations, with significant loss of sound dental tissue. Another classic indication of full crowns is the need for cuspal coverage. The development of new technologies, dental materials and adhesives has made minimally invasive alternative restorations possible while facilitating tissue preservation. According the literature; cuspal coverage and restoration of occlusal surfaces can be obtained with these minimally invasive alternative restorations. Many names have been described for these full crown alternative restorations which make their understanding and selection may be confusing for dental students, dentists and dental technicians. The purpose of this article is to a) summarize these restorations that may compete the full crowns so that they are kept into the minds of dentists when a tooth is planned to receive cuspal coverage. b) suggest a classification of these new group of restorations for educational purposes c) link different names for the same restoration described in the literature.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-20-07-2020-542
Total View : 327

Abstract : Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is a serious complication of liver cirrhosis with a great socioeconomic impact, which impairs the quality of life of patients. Non-absorbable disaccharides and rifaximin are the most commonly used treatments along with the correction of precipitating factors. There are few randomized-controlled trials and many of the current treatment recommendations are based on clinical practice. Rifaximin should start during an episode of HE if there is no clinical improvement after 24-48 hours of non-absorbable disaccharides therapy. Rifaximin as an add-on therapy to lactulose is prudent in recurrent HE in patients who develop a new episode. Rifaximin has proven an effective treatment option for overt HE and in the prevention of recurrence.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-14-07-2020-537
Total View : 447

Abstract : The rapid spread of COVID-19 has caused challenges worldwide and affected the mental status of the population including nurses. Nurses play a vital role in dealing with COVID-19 victims. This study was aimed to determine nurses’ awareness and perception towards infection control measures against the COVID- 19 pandemic in Saudi Arabia. The hospital-based cross-sectional study design and the data were collected from all regions of Saudi Arabia from May to June 2020 through a self-administered questionnaire. Descriptive statistics included frequency distributions with percentages. In addition, the study evaluates the differences in the level of knowledge; practice and attitude in association of socio-demographic variables between the nurses were applied by Chi-square test. A total of 534 nurses were participated in this study resulting in 71% response rate. Of the participants 201 (37.6%) were Saudi nationals and 333 (62.4%) were non-saudi nationals The findings showed that nurses and nurse interns in Saudi Arabia have a high level (85%) of knowledge and a positive attitude towards Covid19 outbreak. It also reveals that participants are highly satisfied (84 %) toward hospital managements and patients’ reception (91 %) to combat COVID-19 in Saudi Arabia. On the other hand, there is statistically significant difference (P-value < 0.05) present between Saudi, non-saudi nurses and area of work location in association of level of knowledge, practice and attitude toward COVID-19. There is a clear need for training programs to improve the understanding of the risks and prevention strategies among nursing professionals for infection control during COVID-19 pandemic in Saudi Arabia.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-05-07-2020-530
Total View : 363

Abstract : Pain management has become a major concern for the major international health organizations in the last decade. Pain management can be said to be all the necessary steps employed by health practitioners to ease patients of their pain and to generally improve their quality of life. The Health Belief Model was developed by social scientists at the U.S Public Health Service in order to understand the failure of people to adopt disease prevention strategies or screening tests for the early detection of disease. This study is aimed at evaluating the Health Belief Model (HBM), thereby assessing its ability to adequately estimate nurses' practices in tending to a patient's pain. A cross-sectional study was conducted. 600 questionnaires were distributed through thirteen public hospitals located in the central region of Jordan. Questionnaire validity was confirmed by three experts in pain management. The reliability of the questionnaire was duly confirmed to be 0.98 by Coefficient alpha. The Findings show a percentage as high as 69% which occurs as a result of patients' barriers and self-efficacy regarding pain management. The HBM provides a useful framework for investigating predictors of pain management practices.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-03-07-2020-526
Total View : 386

Abstract : Repeated pregnancy failure is a serious problem in which numerous issues show a vital part. Accumulating body of evidence suggests a role for the anticardiolipin antibodies, antibrucella antibodies and hepatitis B surface antigen in the etiology of abortion. The objective of the present study was to estimation serum levels of anticardiolipin antibodies, antibrucella antibodies and hepatitis B surface antigen among the recurrent aborting women, unsolved pregnancy damage and intrauterine fatal demises (IUFD). One hundred &twenty (120) women were enrolled in this prospective case-controlled study conducted from September 2017-September 2019, at Maternity Hospital, Erbil City, Iraq. They were (60) patients with a history of three & more attacks of previous miscarriage with a history of hepatitis or brucellosis involved and investigations for the infections (CMV, rubella and toxoplasmosis) were negative and (60) healthy pregnant. All were screened for ACL-IgG, antibrucella antibodies and HBsAg in serum. Results revealed that (19/60, 31.7%) of the patients & (7/60, 11.67%) healthy control were positive for ACL-IgG with a mean concentration of 38±10.3 IU/ml in the patients group, and 11.6±4.4 IU/ml in the healthy control with highly significant at (p≤0.01). The distribution for (ACL with antibrucella & HbsAg) in the patients’ group were as such; 3/19 (15.79%), 6/19 (31.58%) respectively among the seropositive ACL patients with statically significant at (p < .05). This study concluded that Anticardiolipin constitute an important cause of recurrent mid-trimester abortion in Iraqi, women. Also, there is an increasing evidence of the human pathogenicity of Brucella organisms and hepatitis B virus, especially as agents of adverse pregnancy outcome.
Full article

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