International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal. Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption Fa yi xue za zhi Dianzi Yu Xinxi Xuebao/Journal of Electronics and Information Technology Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-05-03-2022-1311
Total View : 478

Abstract :

Chronic urticaria (CU) is a common dermatological condition that may occur spontaneously or may be induced by specific triggers. Heat shock proteins (HSPs) are molecular chaperones with critical roles in protein synthesis. They are induced in response to physiological and environmental stressors. The present study aimed to investigate the relation between serum levels of HSP-70 and severity of chronic urticaria. The present case control study included 70 patients with chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU). In addition, there were 25 age and sex-matched healthy control. The severity of their urticaria symptoms were assessed using Urticaria Activity Score (UAS). Symptoms were classified as mild, moderate or intense. Serum levels of HSP70 measured by ELISA method. Patients had significantly higher HSP-70 levels when compared with controls [median (IQR): 62.0 (0.23-0.91 versus 0.26 (0.2-0.45) ng/ml, p0.001] (Fig. 1). Patients group included 29 patients (41.4 %) with mild disease, 29 patients (41.4 %) with moderate disease and 12 patients (17.2 %). Comparison between patients with different disease severity grades shows signification relation between disease severity grade and HSP-70 levels. Logistic regression multivariate analysis identified elevated HSP-70 levels as significant predictor of significant (moderate/intense) CU. The present study found a significant relation between increased serum HSP-70 levels and increased disease severity in CU patients.

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International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-05-03-2022-1310
Total View : 449

Abstract : Nursing students must apply their knowledge and abilities in clinical settings in order to obtain the necessary qualifications to care for patients, and their success is dependent in large part on effective clinical training. The aim of this systematic review was to summarize learning experiences in clinical learning environments, identify which tools are most frequently used to measure clinical learning environments and report on outcomes of learning experiences of nursing students in clinical learning environments. In the present study searched for articles indexed in PubMed, Psyc INFO, Web of science, and CINAHL database using a combination of expressions including “learning experiences” and “nursing students” or “clinical learning environments”. Five empirical studies were identified as relevant to our research. Several types of tools are used to learning experiences of nursing students in clinical learning environments. We found that clinical learning environment and their satisfaction has been positively related to clinical learning environment constructs such pedagogical atmosphere, the leadership style of the ward manager, premises of nursing on the ward, the content of the supervisory relationship and the role of the nursing teacher at p < 0.001. This review underlines that the majority of nursing students are satisfied with their clinical learning environment, which was statistically significant with the frequency of meetings and use of e-communication tools with nursing teachers. It is important to assess the level of satisfaction among nursing students as it plays an important role in the educational process. Therefore, the clinical learning environment should be assessed by nursing students in a timely manner so that the desired outcome can be achieved. Thus, satisfaction could be used as a significant contributing variable to improve clinical learning situations in order to meet the requirements and wishes of nursing students..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-05-03-2022-1309
Total View : 375

Abstract : Nursing is regarded to be a stressful career because it usually interacts with clients in complicated and interacting clinical environments. The aim of this systematic review was to summarize lowering perceived stress levels, identify which tools are most frequently used to measure perceived stress levels and report on outcomes of lowering perceived stress levels in undergraduate nursing students. We searched for articles indexed in Pubmed, Web of science, Psyc INFO, and CINAHL database using a combination of expressions including perceived stress and nursing students or Coping and intervention. Five empirical studies were identified as relevant to our research. Several types of tools are used to lowering perceived stress levels in undergraduate nursing students. We found that the majority of the nursing students had moderate perceived stress levels. The Mindfulness meditation helps to decreased and significantly lowering perceived stress levels at P level of 0.005. This review underlines that nursing students arrange scholastic situations, giving the information and abilities vital to execute self-care exercises may be instrumental in graduating nurses who esteem and advance stretch diminishment and coping skills for themselves and the patients they care for. Encourage inquire about is required to investigate the possibility of executing a mixed approach mindfulness program for undergraduate nursing students..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-04-03-2022-1307
Total View : 471

Abstract : "An acute inflammatory process of the pancreas, with varied involvement of other regional tissues or remote organ systems". Acute Pancreatitis is a reversible inflammatory condition of the pancreas with minimal or no fibrosis of the tissue. Chronic pancreatitis has ongoing inflammation, irreversible structural changes, and persistent damage of exocrine as well as endocrine pancreatic function. Acute pancreatitis does not. Gallstones, alcohol, trauma, drugs, post ERCP and anatomic obstruction are all causes of acute pancreatitis [1]. Patients who suffer from acute pancreatitis are at a higher risk of developing further complications like sepsis, shock, respiratory failure, and kidney failure, all of which can lead to death or serious illness. A large number of peptides are synthesized in and by endocrine cells of the pancreas and gastro-Intestinal tract. Many of these peptides circulate as hormones, but they also function as paracrine modulators or neurotransmitters in the gut and in the central and Peripheral nervous systems [2]. Heparin with a low molecular weight (LMWH) has a stronger moresafer anti-thrombin action than unfractionated heparin. LMWH improves pancreatic microcirculation by reducing cytokine and inflammatory mediator release [3]. LMWH inhibits the start of an inflammatory storm, which improves the microcirculation system, and it has an anti-thrombus action, which reduces the development of microthrombosis in the pancreas. Acute pancreatitis can be successfully treated with LMWH [3]..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-03-03-2022-1303
Total View : 409

Abstract : The thyroid hormones are responsible for regulation of basal metabolic rate & have effects on almost all body tissues. It has influence on appetite, absorption of nutrients & gut motility. Hashimoto`s thyroiditis represent different phases of an organ- specific, immune mediated inflammatory disorder & are referred as autoimmune thyroiditis. It is characterized by the production of autoantibodies that alters thyroid function. In the present study investigated that the correlation between clinical features, thyroid function tests, antithyroid antibody profile and cytomorphological observation in Hashimoto`s thyroiditis. The cytomorphology in an aspirate is dependent on the phase of the disease. In this study was carried out in the department of Pathology and biochemistry in the period of January 2021to January 2022, Arunai Medical College Hospital and Research Institute. FNAC was performed in all the patients with palpable/visible thyroid swelling. Among 100 cases showing the cytomorphology of autoimmune thyroiditis were selected and it’s correlated with their clinical features, thyroid function test and antithyroid antibody profile. Out of the 100 patients, 15 patients underwent thyroidectomy and sent for histopathological examination. Their results were studied and correlated with other examination. Out of 100 cases under study, majority of cases (66.6%) were categorized into cytological grade II. 35% of cases presented with subclinical hypothyroidism and 33.3% of cases presented with overt hypothyroidism. 89.3% of cases showed elevated levels of antithyroid peroxidase antibody. Cytomorphological grading of Hashimoto`s thyroiditis can explain the pathogenesis of this autoimmune disease. serology is an useful adjunct for the diagnosis of autoimmune thyroiditis, in cases with negative antibody titers and/or biochemically euthyroid & subclinically hypothyroid cases, FNAC continues to be diagnosis of Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis patients..
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