International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-06-02-2020-209
Total View : 186

Abstract : Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) remains the most common complex cyanotic congenital heart defect. One of the main adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) concern is the late risk of arrhythmias. ACHD with cyanosis prone to induced Atrial Tachycardia (AT). We present a rare case of long-term adult survivor with uncorrected TOF who developed incessant AT induced hypoxic spell. A 34 years old women with uncorrected TOF was admitted to emergency department with chief complaint of palpitation. The electrocardiography showed atrial tachycardia 2:1. The patient refractory to many pharmacological treatments. Patient were given amiodarone, diltiazem and underwent electrical cardioversion. The catheter ablation was planned but the patient died due to hypoxic spell. Adults with cyanosis congenital heart disease has risk of AT, which patients with cyanosis have prevalence 31% vs 7.9% compared with noncyanosis. Most atrial tachycardias in patients with CHD involved a macroreentrant circuit within abnormal atrial muscle. Treatment options for AT with haemodynamically stable include vagal manoeuvre, adenosine and AV nodal-blocking agents such as ß-blocker or calcium channel blockers and synchronized cardioversion for haemodynamically instability. Catheter ablation is the treatment of choice for incessant AT. In this case, patient refractory to treatments and became incessant AT. Hypoxic spells can be induced by an atrial tachycardia. In TOF patient, with its basic arterial desaturation, diminished cerebral flow, lowered aortic and ventricular pressures, probably additional right to left shunt shunting of desaturated blood at ventricular level with rise in pulmonary vascular resistance, are superimposed during arrhythmia event. This condition maybe explained why the patient had an episode of desaturation. Arrhythmias in TOF were common. Cyanosis become risk factor for leading into arrhythmias and arrhythmias also induced cyanosis, creating a vicious circle. Acute therapy and catheter ablation were remaining golden therapy for termination of arrythmias.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-05-02-2020-208
Total View : 331

Abstract : Pressure ulcers have been identified as a major burden of hospitalization worldwide, it causes much inconvenience, soreness, illness for a while, set in hospital for long time, and raise costs of nursing. Nurses and other health care providers have the biggest duty toward this problem; it has concluded and has become a fact, that the amount of awareness and positive attitude of nurses are main factors that could affect Pressure ulcers prevention. A cross-sectional descriptive study design was used to assess the effect of nurse's awareness of Pressure ulcers. The subject of this study comprised of the chosen number of staff nurses who met the following criteria: Both gender, one year of experience or more, working at high risk unit for PU. The researcher was elected (248) nurses who was chosen in patient units at King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The findings showed that nurses had a high level of knowledge, neutral level of attitudes, and a high level of practice. There was a significant relationship between knowledge and attitude, nurses’ attitude and practice. Additionally, there was a non-significant negative relationship between knowledge and practice regarding pressure ulcer Prevention. The result emphasized that there is effect of awareness level on the practice regard the pressure ulcer prevention.The researcher recommended the nurses need further training program about the pressure ulcer prevention strategies in order to develop their practice. Furthermore, the nurses must promote their positive attitudes and advance their practices.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-05-02-2020-207
Total View : 154

Abstract : Antioxidant phlorotannins are the high-value biopolymer in brown algae. The paper focused on the impact of cobalt-60 irradiation on phlorotannin content and antioxidant activities of brown algae Sargassum serratum commonly found growing in the tropical marine area of South Center, Vietnam. The irradiation dose (0, 5, 10, 15, 20, 25 kGy) and techniques (dry-and wet-irradiation) was studied. The results showed the various cobalt-60 irradiation of doses and techniques affected phlorotannin content and antioxidant activities (p<0.05) that changed according to the non-linear equation and close correlation (R2 > 0.9). Phlorotannin content was the highest at an irradiation dose of 5 kGy. Total antioxidant, reducing power and DPPH free radical scavenging activity of the species got the highest value at an irradiation dose of 25 kGy, corresponded to 0.827 ± 0.019 mg ascorbic acid equivalent/g DW, 0.273 ± 0.006 mg FeSO4 equivalent/g DW and 70.27 ± 1.85%, respectively. The impact of wet irradiation techniques on antioxidant phlorotannins were stronger, compared to dry irradiation techniques.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-05-02-2020-205
Total View : 136

Abstract : In 2013, Asia-Pacific leaders formed Malaria Alliance (APLMA) and declared goal of regional malaria elimination by 2030. Plasmodium vivax is the predominant malaria species in Asia-Pacific, and accounts for >80% of the global burden. Strategies aimed for P. falciparum may not give impact for the elimination of P. vivax as it is not targeting the parasite liver stage. Primaquine remains the only drug that has the ability of killing parasite in the liver. World Health Organization recommended that primaquine should be given over 14 days, thus an observational study in Papua, Indonesia, found that the compliance to unsupervised PQ was estimated to be only 12%. Single dose of tafenaquine as radical treatment sounds promising, however it also poses Glucose-6-phosphate deficiency individuals to the risk of hemolysis, and determine the G6PD status prior to prescribing the drug is crucial. In this paper, we will review several challenges in achieving P. vivax elimination, especially in the Asia-Pacific.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-05-02-2020-204
Total View : 258

Abstract : The case was found first as chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML), based on clinical sign and peripheral blood morphology, but later showed signs of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). A 35-years-old patient came to the hospital emergency room for the first time, complained of abdomen enlargement since a few months ago. Physical examination showed conjunctival anemia and splenomegaly equal with Schuffner 6, but no lymphadenopathy was found. Laboratory test showed normocytic normochromic anemia, severe leukocytosis, thrombocytopenia, and increased of reticulocytes. Bone marrow puncture (BMP) results were hypercellular, increased granulopoeisis activity, decreased erythropoeisis and megakaryopoeisis, with lymphoblasts were 24% and myeloblasts were 1%. Sokal score calculation was obtained 5.83, classified as high risk of CML. A flowcytometry test found positive of  CD34, CD19, and CD 79a and lead diagnosis to B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL). The case showed the condition of CML transformed into ALL which obscured the initial diagnosis of CML.
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