International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America Teikyo Medical Journal Journal of the Mine Ventilation Society of South Africa Dokkyo Journal of Medical Sciences
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-28-01-2021-740
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Abstract : To evaluation of DNA methylation levels of DRD4, DAT1 (SLC6A3), HTR1B (5HT1B), BDNF and VIPR2 genes obtained from peripheral blood in children and adolescents with ADHD diagnosis We conducted case-control study a total of 60 participants the ages of 6-18 years with diagnosed ADHD. DNA isolation was made from leukocytes in peripheral blood. Bisulfite was applied to DNA samples to determine the methylation status of DRD4, DAT1, HTR1B, BDNF and VIPR2 genes from the DNA samples obtained. The amplification of CpG islands in the promoter regions of the genes related to methylation specific PCR was achieved by using primers specific to each gene in DNA samples. Methylation levels of DRD4, DAT1 (SLC6A3), HTR1B (5HT1B), BDNF and VIPR2 genes in children and adolescents with ADHD were compared with case and control group. There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups. Moderately significant correlations were found between the scale scores given to the patients in the case group and the methylation levels of the DRD4, DAT1, HTR1B, BDNF and VIPR2 genes. DAT1, 5-HT1B, BDNF and VIPR2 genes were found to be correlated with total methylation or methylation levels of CpG islets. The role of DNA methylation in ADHD etiopathogenesis has been shown. The results will be important for genetic, neuroimaging and neurochemical evaluations..
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International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-28-01-2021-739
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Abstract : The induction of general anesthesia allowed surgeons to operate with careful deliberation on patients made totally unaware and pain free. [sa1] Endotracheal intubation and laryngoscopy are essential tools in the hands of anaesthesiologists in maintaining an airway. Endotracheal intubation has been an integral part of anaesthetic management and critical care of the patient and has been practiced following its description by [1]. Thus the research began for better intravenous induction agent which has good control over haemodynamics of the patient. Myoclonus is a common problem during induction of anesthesia with etomidate. In this study we compared the effects of Dexmedetomidine and Midazolam pretreatment on the incidence of etomidate induced myoclonus..
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International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-27-01-2021-738
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Abstract : Post Operative Sore Throat (POST) is one of the most common, yet overlooked complaints following endotracheal intubation. Significant discomfort can be experienced by patients undergoing the procedure. Many factors are contributory to the development of POST, and the incidence depends on the method chosen to manage the airway, highest being after intubation (45.4%), whereas it decreases with use of the Laryngeal Mask Airway (17.5%) and further decreases on use of face mask. There is a large variation in incidence, with various studies estimating it to be from 21% - 65%, with some studies showing an incidence up to 90%. Various pharmacological measures that have been tried to decrease POST include inhalation of beclamethasone, aspirin, ketamine and licorice gargles, intravenous steroids, magnesium lozenges/local spray with lidocaine, and nebulisation with ketamine. This current study was planned to test and compare the efficacy of Aspirin and Normal Saline gargles given 15 minutes before induction of anesthesia on reduction of post-operative sore throat caused by oral endotracheal intubation. A prospective, double, blind, randomised, comparative study was carried out on 56 cases for a period of 2 years. Candidates were divided into 2 groups of 28 patients each, Group A and Group N. Group A Received Aspirin 350mg dissolved in 30 ml distilled water. Group N received normal saline 30 ml. After analysing the results obtained, it was concluded that Pre-operative gargles with Aspirin 325 mg in 30 ml Normal Saline for 30 seconds is an easy, cheap, patient friendly and efficient way of reducing both the incidence and severity of Post-Operative Sore Throat (POST) following oral endotracheal intubation. There were no side effects observed and patients were able to comfortably follow instructions..
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International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-27-01-2021-737
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Abstract : Periodontal diseases are common oral health problems worldwide and affect up to 50% of the population globally. The bidirectional relationship of periodontal diseases with various systemic diseases has been reported in several studies. The successful prevention and management of periodontal diseases depend on the knowledge and attitude of medical practitioners towards the oral health. Hence, this study was undertaken to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of medical practitioners of Kuala Muda district towards the relationship between periodontal health and systemic diseases. Ninety-five medical doctors from various specialties of medicine were included in this cross-sectional study. A self-administered questionnaire was used to evaluate the knowledge, attitude and practice of medical doctors. Though the mean periodontal knowledge scores of specialists (10.37±1.617) were slightly higher than the mean scores of general practitioners (9.83±1.564), the difference was not statistically significant (p= 0.105) at the 0.05 significance level. There was a statistically significant (p = 0.037) negative correlation (r = -0.215) noted between the years of practice/experience of medical doctors and their mean periodontal knowledge scores. The study demonstrates that medical doctors had fair knowledge about the periodontal diseases and their relationship with the systemic diseases. However, the practice and attitude of medical doctors towards the screening/referral of patients for oral and periodontal health checkup needs to be improved..
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International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-23-01-2021-734
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Abstract : The aim was to investigate the dental anxiety and fear levels among students and its relation with their field of study and gender. This cross-sectional study included 720 (360 females and 360 males) which recruited from the collages of Dentistry and Humanities and Social Science in University of Science and Technology in Sana'a, Yemen. Corah’s Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS) and Dental fear survey (DFS) was used to measure dental anxiety and fear among the study population. Spearman's correlation was used to analyze the association among the dental anxiety measurements or between DAS and DFS tests. Chi-square tests and linear regression analyses were used to determine the associations between dental anxiety or fear and contextual variables. Out of 720 students enrolled, 713 students (354 males and 359 females) completed and returned the questionnaire having response rate of 99.03%. The association between dental anxiety measurements or the DAS and DFS were statistically significant (p < 0.01). Dental students were less anxious and fear than humanities and social sciences students (p < 0.05). Females were more anxious and fear than males (p < 0.05). Dental anxiety and fear was more associated with female than other contextual variables [for fear (OR = 1.14, p = 0.001); for anxiety (OR = 1.90, p = 0.001)]. Dental anxiety was found to be related to dental fear. Male students were less anxious and fear than female students. Students from medical background faculties were less anxious and fear..
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