International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal. Azerbaijan Medical Journal Gongcheng Kexue Yu Jishu/Advanced Engineering Science

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-28-11-2021-1069
Total View : 479

Abstract : Budd chiari syndrome (BCS) is a rare disorder presenting with cluster of symptoms like pain in abdomen, yellowish discoloration of sclera, abdominal distension, bleeding tendency and sometimes altered sensorium. It is characterised by hepatic venous out flow obstruction at the level of hepatic vein or at the level of inferior vena cava (IVC) (hepatic portion). However, definition of BCS doesn't include the obstruction secondary to cardiac or pericardial disorder or sinusoidal obstruction syndrome. The etiology of BCS may be idiopathic, or secondary to thrombotic disorder or hyper coagulable state or myeloproliferative disorder. Prevalence of BCS is more in Western population as compared to Asians. Patient may be asymptomatic or present with acute fulminant hepatic failure which makes its presentation heterogenous. It may be classified into primary which is mainly due to veno-occlusion / thrombotic process and secondary which peculiarly is due to the external mechanical compression due to malignant tumor. The multi-centric data published, illustrates that around 25-40 % of patients have co-existing prothrombotic condition. Primary BCS, hence is an outcome of prothrombotic etiology. We present here a case of BCS with idiopathic etiology. The patient did not have any prior medical/surgical comorbidity or addiction and belongs to low socio-economic status..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-23-11-2021-1065
Total View : 451

Abstract : Back pain is the leading cause of disability worldwide. Treatment options may be conservative or surgical and instrumentation with pedicle screws is the commonest method of stabilizing the spine. Correctly placing the pedicle screws is of paramount importance and the morphological characters may vary by region. This study aims to do a morphometric analysis of lumbar pedicles in Tamil Nadu population using CT of lumbar spine. 300 men and women aged 18-65 were studied with a single lumbar spine CT. The measured parameters were Pedicle isthmus diameter, Depth to the anterior cortex along the axis of the pedicle, Depth to the anterior cortex along the Midline of the vertebra, Pedicle offset from the spinous process, Transverse Pedicle Angle and Pedicle angulation compared to the vertebral body. The mean age of the subjects was 38.83±10.99 years, the mean height was 161.9 ±9 .93 cm and the mean weight was 59.94±11.32 Kg. Depth to the anterior cortex along the axis of the pedicle progressively increased from L1 to L3 and decreased in L4 and L5. Pedicle Isthmus diameter increased gradually from L1 to L5. The pedicle offset steadily increases from L1 to L5 vertebra. The SPA gradually increased from L1 to L2 then progressive decreased with caudal angulation at L5. The Transverse pedicle angulation increased from L1 to L5. The spine parameters of our population differ significantly from the previously described studies. Computed Tomography helps in understanding the morphology of the pedicles and decreases iatrogenic complications..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-18-11-2021-1063
Total View : 417

Abstract : Diabetes Mellitus and Alzheimer’s disease are the most important challenges in public health. Long term suffering of type-2 diabetes brings the possible risk of Alzheimer disease for the patient. The features of both diseases are characterized through the cause of inflammation as well as insulin impairment. Insulin degrading enzyme, Matrix metalloproteinase-9 acts as one of the therapeutic targets for both the disease. GSK-3 plays a central role in an insulin signalling pathway that also helps in the therapeutic intervention of Diabetes Mellitus and Alzheimer disease. Understanding common underlying molecular mechanisms in Diabetes Mellitus and Alzheimer's disease could be very useful in terms of predicting patient outcome and also in terms of identifying therapeutic targets for both the diseases..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-15-11-2021-1060
Total View : 365

Abstract : Apert syndrome is an autosomal dominant syndrome with a combination of craniosynostosis, syndactyly and midfacial hypoplasia. The incidence is about 15 in 1,000,000 live births. It may present a number of challenges to the anaesthesiologist such as a difficult airway, difficult IV access, airway hyper-reactivity, temperature dysregulation, high blood loss and venous air embolism. Difficult intubation and ventilation may be observed because of abnormal airways. We report a successful endotracheal intubation with use of video laryngoscope to improve visualization of the airway and fibre optic bronchoscope as a stylet for endotracheal tube at the age of 8 months and endotracheal intubation for the same patient for syndactyly release surgery at the age of 5 years..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-15-11-2021-1058
Total View : 407

Abstract : Intra-operative neurophysiological monitoring is a well-established, safe and sensitive tool for detecting intra-operative injuries during neurosurgeries. Motor evoked potentials (MEP) and somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEP) are monitored throughout the procedure and any significant change from baseline is noted as this may indicate a compromise of the monitored pathway. Anaesthesia especially inhaled agents and muscle relaxants are confounders for motor evoked potential (MEP) monitoring as they have deleterious effects on the amplitude of the waveform signal. Total intravenous anaesthesia with no intraoperative muscle relaxants following intubation has been suggested as the preferred anaesthetic technique for these surgeries. TIVA is an effective means of providing anaesthesia for patients requiring intra-operative neurophysiological monitoring..
Full article

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