International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-11-02-2020-232
Total View : 257

Abstract : Skeletal anchorage devices were developed for absolute anchorage during orthodontic treatment. Miniscrew anchorage device had been used for this purpose. The aim of this study was to evaluate the degree of pain and discomfort experienced after miniscrew insertion with three different analgesics. Fifty-one orthodontic patients in a university clinic were recruited who required bilateral miniscrews for orthodontic anchorage. Under local anesthesia, each patientreceived two miniscrews in the maxillary buccal area (one side 1.6x8mm and the other side 1.6x10mm). Each patient was given a questionnaire that included a visual analog scale (VAS) to indicate pain anddiscomfort after implantationfor three days. The patients were split into three groups according to the analgesic used (Paracetomol, Etoricoxib, and Ibuprofen). The maximum intensity was after 2 hour of insertion and decrease gradually to nearly disappear at third day. Pain intensity did not significantly differ between right and lift sides, males and females and between short and long miniscrews. Patients who took paracetamol reported more pain intensity than those who took Ibuprofen and Etoricoxib. While patients who took Ibuprofen reported the least pain intensity during the first two days. Ibuprofen 200mg taken three times daily for two days is effective in reducing pain and discomfort after miniscrew insertion.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-11-02-2020-231
Total View : 172

Abstract : Increasing the prevalence of smoking in developing countries and aging populations in highincome countries, is expected to increase the prevalence of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) in the next 40 years. In this research, we will find out the role of A Disintegrin And Metalloprotease (ADAM) 33 gene expression based on the theory of inflammation involving proinflammatory cytokines (IL-6 and IL8) and anti-inflammatory (IL-10). This study is a cross sectional study comparing COPD and non-COPD patients with a comparative study approach. In this study there were 2 groups: a stable group of COPD patients (33 male COPD patients; 4 female COPD patients) and a non-COPD patient group (25 male patients 4 female patients). Univariate analysis to assess the characteristics of research respondents. Whereas bivariate analysis was carried out to compare these parameters between the two groups. Parametric tests were carried out on the normal distribution with Independent sample t test and non-parametric test (Spearmann Correlation) for abnormal sample distribution. This study shows that differences in soluble IL-6 and IL-8 levels are higher in COPD patients than in non-COPD patients, whereas soluble IL-10 levels are lower in COPD patients than in non-COPD patients who are statistically significant. There is a significant linear correlation, soluble cytokine levels of IL-6, IL-8, and IL-10 with levels of soluble ADAM33 in COPD patients through the Spearmann Correlation test (p<0.001). The levels of soluble ADAM33 have a positive relationship with IL-6 and IL-8 and a negative relationship with IL-10 in the inflammatory reaction of COPD patients.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-11-02-2020-230
Total View : 224

Abstract : Educational environment includes physical, mental and socio-cultural elements that affect the students in an institute. Educational Environment plays an important role in determination of student’s academic success. Assessment of educational environment is mandatory for determining the success or failure of the institute. The objective of the present study was to determine the perception of physiotherapy students about educational environment in Lahore. This study was a descriptive cross-sectional study. Sample size was 584. Simple random sampling method was used for data collection. 284 male and 300 female students participated in this study. The data was collected from the students of Azra Naheed Medical College, University of Lahore, Lahore Medical and Dental College (LMDC) and Allama Iqbal Medical College Lahore by using DREEM (Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure questionnaire. Out of total 584 participants, 53(9.1%) had perception that there are a lot of problems in education environment, 523(89.6%) reported that educational environment is positive, and only 8(1.3%) said that education environment is excellent. The students were overall positive about their education system.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-11-02-2020-229
Total View : 261

Abstract : Many mothers, after childbirth, experience excessive emotions and feel very sad if the baby has complications after childbirth so that the baby must have treated in the NICU room. Postpartum depression is a complication that often arises after delivery, occurring in 6.5-14.5% of postpartum women. Untreated postpartum depression can have long-term adverse effects. This episode of depression can be chronic so that it will affect the quality of life. Depression that occurs in the mother will affect the behavior, emotions, cognitive, and interpersonal children later in life. Postpartum women whose babies have treated at the NICU have believed to have higher levels of depression, anxiety, and symptoms of trauma compared to postpartum women whose babies undergo combined care. Therefore this study aims to screen baby blues for mothers with babies who have treated in the NICU room based on Android Applications. Type of quantitative analytical research with a cross-sectional approach. The sample in this study was 40 people. Performed at Dr. Rasidin Padan in March - July 2019. Screening uses the Android-based Edinburgh Post Natal Depression Scale (EPDS) application. Statistical tests have performed with Chi-Square and binary logistic regression. The results of the study of 40 samples there were 11 people at the age of 20-35 years experienced baby blues with a p-value> 0.05, there were 13 multipara people who experienced baby blues with a p-value <0.05, and there were 11 mothers in infants care at the NICU that is experiencing baby blues.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-11-02-2020-228
Total View : 340

Abstract : Hyperlipidaemia is a risk factor of cardiovascular disease which has become the main cause of mortality in the world and Indonesia. Sweet basil is a medicinal plant which contains beta-carotene, tannin, polyphenol and flavonoid, and it is considered to give effect on the lipid profile (Cholesterol total, Triglyceride, LDL and HDL). This study was carried out to prove the effect of sweet basil extract on the lipid profile of Hyperlipidaemia mice (mus musculus). This study was a True Experimental Design with the Randomized Posttest-Only Control Group design. The subject of study was 20 Balb/c male mice which were assigned to four groups: G1 (standard diet), G2 (standard diet and lard oil), G3 (standard diet, lard oil and sweet basil extract with the dosage of 0.53 g) and G4 (standard diet, lard oil and sweet basil extract with the dosage of 1.06 g) for 15 days. Lipid profile was examined using CHOD-PAP method. Cholesterol total, triglyceride, LDL were declined and HDL was increased in G3 and G4. Cholesterol total of G3 was declined 7.96, triglyceride 8.21, LDL 8.55 and an increase of HDL 15.13. Cholesterol total of G4 group was decreased 18.36, triglyceride 13.94, LDL 18.48 and an increase of HDL 23.98. The intervention of sweet basil extract for 15 days affected to a decline of cholesterol total, triglycerides, LDL and an increase of HDL. A dosage of 1.06 gr/ 20 gr body weight was the most effective dosage to hyperlipidaemia.
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