International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-01-03-2020-311
Total View : 138

Abstract : Over many years, different areas of cancer biology are explored to find a cure for cancer. The immune system, acting via cancer immune-surveillance, is considered a potential target for improving outcomes among some malignancies. The improved ability to harness, engineer and educate immune cells to target cancer cells has changed the paradigm for treating. Only a few studies every year have succeeded to provide a regimen significantly improving the survival of cancer patients. There was an urgency to search for other versatile and bright approaches for a more effective fight against cancer. The benefit field to achievement appeared to be immunotherapy that enhances the patients’ own immunological system by equipping its immunocompetent cells with further functions to independently combat malignant cells. FDA-approved chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapy that uses a patient’s immune system to fight certain hematologic cancers. Additionally, research is ongoing to evaluate CAR T therapy for patients with solid tumors of the breast, prostate, brain, lungs and other organs.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-01-03-2020-310
Total View : 312

Abstract : One of the most common dermal diseases and public health concerns is cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania spp. The objective of the present study was to identify the Leishmania species causes cutaneous leishmaniasis directly in biological samples using multiplex PCR in patients of displaced camp, taking into consideration both age and site of lesion. During the period from October to the end of December / 2019 , a total of 76 infected patients with single lesion were underwent analysis including 31 female and 45 male aged 20-53 years old, scrap samples from dermal lesions on face or arms were prepared for DNA extraction for multiplex polymerase chain reaction PCR. Results revealed that Leishmania spp. was detected in 63 sample (82.89% ) included the infection rate of Leishmania.tropica 68.2% (43out of 63) and of Leishmania major 31.7% (20 out of 63).On the other hand , male showed higher infection rate 60.3% (38/63) than females 39.6% (25/63). Also, 13 samples didn't get any amplification (17.1%). For the site of lesions, higher percentage of frequency 65% was shown in face while low percentage recorded for arm 22.9%. This study concluded that methods based on DNA analysis, like multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR), are reliable for the diagnosis and identification of Leishmania species. As well, determination of the geographic distribution of specific species caused is important in epidemiological studies because it allows and appropriate control measures.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-01-03-2020-309
Total View : 144

Abstract : Juglans regia L. is considered as one of medical plants hasing biochemical activity to treat various diseases resulting from infection by some pathogenic micro-organisms. The current research was achieved to estimate and evaluate the medicinal activity of three phenolic compounds mixture containing 4- hydroxybenzaldeyhde, 5-(3-Hydroxypropyl)- 2,3-dimethoxy phenol and vanillic acid which were isolated and identified from Juglans regia L. cortex against four pathogenic fungi causing intestinal inflammatory in children. The phenolic mixture recorded values of inhibition zone diameters equal to 21, 30, 37, 51,52 and 52 mm at concentrations of 5, 10, 25, 50, 75, and 100 mg/ml respectively against growth of the pathogenic fungus represented by Candida albicans while the same concentrations gave inhibition values were 32, 39, 44, 46, 50 and 51 mm respectively towards Candida globate. In regard to Candida krusei, the phenolic mixture concentrations showed diameters of inhibition equal to 35, 41, 46, 53, 53 and 53 mm respectively while the values of same concentrations recorded inhibition values were represented by 25, 30, 35, 38, 52 and 52 mm against Candida tropicalis growth. The active phenolic metabolites compounds recorded a higher medicinal activity than some antibiotics used against these pathogens.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-01-03-2020-308
Total View : 108

Abstract : Retrospective studies of facial injuries can provide database records that assist healthcare providers and related authorities in adopting justified policies for preventing, minimising and treating facial injuries. This review study aimed to evaluate maxillofacial fractures with respect to; etiological factors, patterns of fractures, treatment modalities, and treatment complications of patients sustained maxillofacial injuries in the Misan governorate of Iraq. The study reviewed 108 charts of patients admitted to the maxillofacial department at Al-Sadr teaching hospital between August 2015 to August 2017. Data was categorised into groups including; gender, age groups, ethological factors, patterns of fractures, treatment modalities, and complications. Statistical analysis was performed using Chi-square and Fisher’s exact test (p<0.05). The findings indicated that the most significant factors associated with maxillofacial fractures were attributed to road traffic accidents. Moreover, the mandible was more significantly fractured compared to other facial bones. Treatment with closed reduction was significantly more common than treatment with open reduction. Malocclusion was the most frequent complication compared to non-union and infection. In conclusion, road traffic accidents are the major causes of maxillofacial fractures in Misan governorate during the study period. Most of these fracturs affected the mandible whilst closed reduction was the main treatment strategy of choice. Complications were limited to malocclusion, non-union, and infection.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-01-03-2020-307
Total View : 150

Abstract : The rising problem of non-communicable diseases fuelled by rapid urbanization and changing lifestyles recently has brought more challenges to its prevention and control. The World Health Organization reports NCDs to be by far the leading cause of mortality in the world, representing over 70% of all deaths. NCDs, are medical conditions which are non-infectious and non-transmissible between persons. These include cardiovascular diseases, cancers, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases and diabetes mellitus. Since NCDs are of slow progression and of long duration, workplace communities are key areas to the prevention and control by transforming work environment through policy making for occupational safety and health. This vision will materialize if NCD risk factors is well understood for every workplace environment. There are few studies which has investigated NCD risk factors at workplace environment. We evaluated NCD risks among employees in an educational institution in the Philippines. This is a cross sectional descriptive study which investigated 50 tenured regular employees who were more than 5 years in service in a private college. The employees' NCD risks were determined using the four key risk factors: status of smoking, status of alcohol drinking, unhealthy diet, and physical activity and the four intermediate risk factors: obesity, level of blood cholesterol and blood sugar and blood pressure. The lifestyle risks identified among the employees were physical inactivity (64%), and inadequate dietary fibre intake (62%). The proportion of smoking, and alcohol drinking among males is higher (50%) as compared to females (5%). Those identified as smokers were also identified as alcohol drinkers. Significant proportion of the employees have intermediate risk factors, high body mass index (52%), uncontrolled high blood pressure (32%) and high blood cholesterol (34%). Physical inactivity and inadequate dietary fiber intake should be addressed by promoting behavioral changes and by creating a supportive environment in the community. Healthy programs to combat obesity, hypertension and dyslipidaemia is highly recommended.
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