International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-24-01-2020-173
Total View : 157

Abstract : To compare the clinical efficacy of microvascular decompression surgery (MVD) and gamma knife radiosurgery (GKR) as a treatment for patients with primary trigeminal neuralgia (TN) and evaluate outcome regarding pain relief, recurrence, and complications with both modalities of treatment. A randomized prospective study conducted in The Neurosciences Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq. Eighty-four patients with TN from January 2016 to January 2018, 45 patients had GKR while 39 patients treated with MVD. The pain evaluated pre- and post-operatively using Barrow Neurological Institute Pain Intensity scale (BNIPI), visual analog scale (VAS) and Brief Pain Inventory Facial (BPI-Facial) scoring systems. In the GKR procedure, the trigeminal root entry zone targeted with a radiation dose of 80 Gy. MVD was performed using the retro sigmoid approach. The follow-up period was two years. Both groups showed a considerable decrease in BNIPI scores and VAS scores in the postoperative two years follow-up compared with the preoperative scores with a P-value <0.01. However, the pain relief rate was significantly higher in the MVD group (92.3%) compared to that of GKR groups (73.3%) with a P-value of 0.02. Postoperative VAS scores of the MVD group were remarkably lower as compared with those treated with GKR during the same postoperative time. (P=0.01). GKR and MVD offered safe and efficient treatment options. MVD remains the standard surgical method of treatment for patients with TN with better pain relief rate, lesser pain recurrence rate and faster response than GKR.
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International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-24-01-2020-172
Total View : 361

Abstract : Depression is a risk factor for diabetes, and people with diabetes mellitus are more probably to be depressed. Thus, depression may negatively affect diabetes management and increase the possibility of complications. The objectives are to assess depressive symptoms among type 2 diabetic patients. and to study the influence of some demographic and clinical characteristics on depression. A retrospective cohort study was conducted in Baghdad city capital of Iraq at the national diabetes center in Baghdad. The data was collected from the 1st of February to the1st of July 2018, 100 diabetic patients (43 males and 57 females) and 150 non diabetic subjects of comparable age and sex. (75 males and 75 females), A structured questionnaire was used for collecting data about the socio-demographic characteristics and disease characteristics while depressive symptoms were assessed by using Beck depression scale-II, then analysis of data was carried out using the available (Statistical Packages for Social Sciences- version 25). Depressive symptoms were significantly associated with the presence of diabetes mellitus type 2 with a proportion of (17%). being female was significantly associated with the development of depression with a proportion of (24.6%).
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-23-01-2020-171
Total View : 257

Abstract : The present study examined to what extent parenting styles as perceived and remembered by children is related to the dimensions of social well-being in a sample of university students. Using 367 students from different educational backgrounds (148 male and 219 female and utilizing Parenting Style Inventory to measure permissive, authoritarian, and authoritative parenting styles and Social Well-being scale, we tested the hypothesis that authoritative parenting is associated with the higher levels of global social well-being, as well as its different dimensions. Results indicated that there are significant correlations between the authoritative parenting style and social well-being dimensions (p<0.005), except social acceptance; however, there exist negative correlations between authoritarian and permissive parenting styles and social well-being dimensions (p<0.005). Further analyses revealed that students with a perceived authoritative parenting style benefit higher levels of social actualization, social integration, social contribution, and social coherence compared to the other parenting styles. However, the results of the analysis of variance did not indicate any significant difference in social acceptance between the three groups. The results revealed the importance of a loving and accepting home environment for the development of social well-being, and showed that parenting characteristics such as supportiveness and warmth continue to play an important role in a student’s social well-being even after entering university.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-23-01-2020-169
Total View : 464

Abstract : Upper eyelid blepharoplasty is one of the most common plastic surgical operations which is performed under local anesthesia. An ideal anesthetic agent in addition to analgesia and suitable duration of action should have fewer systemic and local side effects during and after surgery. The aim of this study is to compare the effects and side effects of lidocaine/adrenaline with ropivacaine in candidate patients for upper eyelid blepharoplasty. This research has been performed as a clinical trial. Forty candidate patients for upper eyelid blepharoplasty undergoing local anesthesia were randomly assigned into two 20-member groups. In the first group (intervention), ropivacaine and in the second group (control) lidocaine/adrenaline were used with the similar volume as local anesthetic agent. Then, the level of pain was captured through VAS, while the bleeding and edema were determined through clinical examination and recorded. The mean maximum concentration of the anesthetic agent required in both treatment and control groups was 4.7±0.4 and 4.8±0.4 cc respectively (P=0.455). In investigating the extent of analgesia, it was observed that across all study time intervals and in both intervention and control groups, the mean VAS of patients was less than three and no significant difference was observed between them (P=0.374). Concerning postoperative edema, in the intervention group, a clear reduction was observed in the edema around the eyes when compared to the control group (P=0.015). Ropivacaine as a local anesthetic agent in upper eyelid blepharoplasty causes diminished pain and incidence of postoperative edema. Further, it does not need adrenaline for controlling bleeding during surgery. Therefore, it can be used in high-risk patients for whom it is not possible to use adrenaline.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-23-01-2020-168
Total View : 148

Abstract : Mitomycin C (MMC) is used to prevent corneal opacity following photorefractive keratectomy (PRK). The present research seeks to study the effect of Mitomycin C on tear film function tests among patients with low myopia. This study was a double blind randomized clinical trial conducted on 15 patients (30 eyes) with low myopia referred to AL Zahra Ophthalmology hospital, Zahedan, Iran in 2016. Patients with low myopia were randomized into two groups: The eyes of one group were treated using PRK while the eyes of the other group were exposed by both PRK and adjuvant MMC0.02%. Using T-test and Repeated Measurement ANOVA, the results of tear film tests were statistically analyzed and studied. The study enrolled 15 patients.30 eyes (15 patients) with a mean age of 27.53 ± 7.04 years were studied. Tear film function tests were conducted before and after PRK.Osmolaritytest was checked before operation and in the third month following operation. Other tests (Schirmer, TBUT) were performed before the operation and within the 1st, 3rd, and 6th months following the operation. The patients were not given any medicines 24 hours prior to the operation. No statistically significant differences were observed in tear osmolarity, TBUT and Schirmer test (P>0.05) between PRK and PRK+MMC before the operation and post-operation visits. Using MMC in PRK operations does not cause any disruptions in tear tests and MMC can be used safely if necessary.
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