International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-04-02-2020-199
Total View : 174

Abstract : A.actinomycetemcomitans are pathogenic bacteria that cause damage to periodontal tissue so that it is clinically seen as a periodontal disease (periodontitis). There are no studies that report bacterial load after the use of purple miana leaves extract (PMLE) in Periodontitis. This research objective was to determine the effect of purple miana leaves extract on bacterial load in wistar rats that have been induced by A.actinomycetemcomitans. Rats were divided into three groups, purple miana leaves extract (PMLE) 510 mg/ kgbw, negative control (aquadest), antibiotic levofloxacin 500 mg/kgbw as positive control. Samples of A.actinomycetemcomitans bacteria were taken seven days after induction of 3x108 cfu/ml A.actinomycetemcomitans in gingival sulcus of the anterior mandibular teeth of the rat/after periodontitis (D8) and seven days after intervention (D15). Bacterial load is measured by calculating colony forming units. The results obtained are processed using SPSS. Bacterial load on D8 to D15 had a different pattern between the PMLE group, the aquades group (negative control) and the levofloxacin group (positive control). In negative controls, an increase in bacterial load but not significantly different (p>0.05). In PMLE and positive control, there was a decrease in bacterial load and significantly different (p<0.05). Purple miana leaves extract (PMLE) 510 mg/kgbw and levofloxacin 500 mg/kgbw successfully suppressed the growth of A.actinomycetemcomitans (bacterial load) colonies for 7 days of use.This study represents that PMLE can be an alternative drug in patients with A.actinomycetemcomitans infection, especially in the case of periodontitis.
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International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-04-02-2020-198
Total View : 292

Abstract : Smoking epidemic remains to be one of the biggest public health issues the world has ever faced. Cigarette smoke can stimulate peroxidation of lipid and oxidation of proteins and become a risk factor for atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease. Aloe vera has been used for medicinal purposes for centuries and reported to have potent antioxidant capacity. Considering its good potential as alternative medicine in the future, this study aimed to evaluate the effect of Aloe vera on serum lipid profile in the rat after being exposed to cigarette smoke. The experimental study was conducted on male rats which were divided into 3 groups. The first group was a control, the second group was exposed to the smoke of 8 cigarettes/ day for 30 minutes. The other group was given 1 mL/ day of Aloe vera gel an hour before the exposure of the smoke for 42 days. The blood sera were measured for lipid profile, consisting of total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein (LDL), and high density lipoprotein (HDL). The results were statistically analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis and post hoc test Mann-Whitney. There was a significant increase in serum LDL and a decrease in HDL between control and cigarette smoke group (p<0.05). A comparison of results between cigarette smoke and cigarette smoke plus Aloe vera groups showed a decreasing concentration of serum LDL (p<0.05). Aloe vera L. may prevent dyslipidemia in rats after being chronically exposed to cigarette smoke.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-03-02-2020-197
Total View : 181

Abstract : Using the English language as a means of communication in medical fields is wide. Therefore, care about writing skills English a program for improvement is essential. Research aim: Assess factors influencing writing skills English language among nursing students at Najran University and proposed guidelines for improvement. Research Design: A quasi-experimental. Setting: The study was carried at the faculty of nursing, Njran. Sample: A convenience sample total number was 150. Result: a highly statistically significant difference between the students in all categories of their direction toward studying English, a highly statistically significant difference between nursing students' opinion in program strategies. Also, the highest percentage was 60.0% of students were agree related item of the methods used in the explanation appropriate, highly statistically significant difference between nursing students writing skills and documentation pre and post implementing proposed guideline in which increase post guideline, there was no statistically significant difference between nursing student's opinion in program and writing skills and documentation pre and post implementing guideline. Conclusion: The study concluded that was a highly statistically significant difference between the students in all categories of in opinion in program strategies. Moreover, no statistically significant difference between nursing student's opinions in program strategies, writing skills and documentation pre and post implementing proposed guideline. Recommendation: continuous instruction about writing skills error should be applied &. The instruction from the program administrator should be distributed to all faculty departments to improve the writing skills of student nurses language. Improvement level of student nurses' language by structured curricula based on program strategies.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-03-02-2020-196
Total View : 429

Abstract : Drug addiction causes complications, mortality, rising costs and various socio-economic problems at individual to social level. Methadone is one of the most commonly used drugs to help addicts maintain their drug withdrawal process and eventually permanent withdrawal. Although, based on the evidence, favorable clinical experiences with methadone use have been reported in improving withdrawal symptoms, however, the use of this substance by conventional methods is not expected to reach the clinical goal in some cases. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of khomree and standard methadone detoxification in reducing opioid withdrawal symptoms. This study was a double-blind randomized clinical trial among opium addicts (at least one year of use) referred to the Substance Abuse Research Center. 80 persons were randomly assigned into one of two standard and khomree groups according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. Patients were evaluated for signs and symptoms of drug withdrawal on days 1, 3, 7, 14 and 28 after initiation of treatment. Finally, the results were analyzed in SPSS-18. Changes in sweating intensity (P = 0.001), runny nose (Rhinorrhea) (P = 0.001), tears fall (P = 0.001), mouthwatering (P = 0.001) and substance-seeking (P = 0.001) in both groups during the 28 days of treatment had a significant decrease. However, occupational-social dysfunction (P = 0.001), muscle jump (P = 0.001), and hypothermia (P = 0.001) were significantly improved in the khomree treated group and in the standard method (dysfunction: P = 0.004, muscle jump: P = 0.001 and hypothermia: P = 0.001) it was significantly worse. According to our results, although the clinical response was in some cases in favor of more effective use of the khomree method in the improvement of withdrawal symptoms, however, the use of the standard method and the khomree method in methadone detoxification in opium addicts had almost similar effects.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-03-02-2020-195
Total View : 166

Abstract : The healthcare sector in Saudi Arabia was made efforts especially for nurses in critical care units who care of the unconscious patient to enhance their ability to manage the development of communication skills Aim: Illuminating and Implementing Structured Guide Line for Effective Communication with Unconscious Patients for Nursing Student Research Design: A quasi-experimental design. Setting: faculty of nursing, Njran university. Sample: A convenience sample of (Baccalaureate) nurses. The total number was 60. Tools: two tools, 1st Tool was an interview questionnaire, it divided into two parts .1st part is student demographic data.2ed part is the communication Knowledge Questionnaire: used throughout (pre, and post structured guideline).2ed tool is the communication skills Observational Checklist. This checklist aimed at assessing the actual performance of student nurses regarding their communication. Result: statistically significant difference between students’ knowledge regarding communication with unconscious patients pre and post-intervention, a highly statistically significant difference between students' practice regarding Attitude of communicates with the unconscious patient, there was positive correlation coefficient between student age, level, and their total knowledge and total practice with the unconscious. Conclusion: there were high statistical significant improvements in the knowledge, practice, related to communication skills with an unconscious patient. Recommendation In-service training and education programs must be continuous. Establish standardized training for developing student communication. periodically workshops as needed for nurses about effective communication. preparing for attending of certified training courses in communication with the unconscious patient and general therapeutic communication.
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