International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America Teikyo Medical Journal Journal of the Mine Ventilation Society of South Africa
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-18-02-2020-267
Total View : 132

Abstract : The 6-minute walk test (6MWT) is a simple, reliable, and non-invasive method potentially used in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. However, the performance of 6MWT in patients with CAD data are limited. This study aimed to describe distance, hemodynamic consequences, symptoms, and arrhythmias related the 6MWT in CAD patients. This was a retrospective cross-sectional study by retrieving medical records. We consecutively recruited all CAD patients without surgical treatment and underwent the 6MWT before discharge from the hospital in the period of August until September 2019. Data were analysed with the paired T-test using SPSS version 21.0. We enrolled 75 CAD patients aged 57.95±10.86 years old, 84.2% of them were male with BMI of 26.09±6.50 kg/m-2. Of all subjects, 34.7% of patients were CAD 1 vessel disease (VD), 26.7% were CAD 2VD, and 38.7% were CAD 3VD. The average 6- minute walk distance achieved was 355.12±111.90 meters, with predicted VO2 max 14.26 ±2.98 ml/kg/minute and the average of patients’ functional capacity was 4.22±0.91 METs. There were significant increases in systolic blood pressure (BP) (119.76±19.42mmHg to 124.04±18.13mmHg, p= 0.001), diastolic BP (75.29±9.89mmHg to 77.65±10.89mmHg, p=0.004), heart rate (78.53±13.61bpm to 87.55±13.18 bpm, p<0.001), respiration rate (19.73±1.06 per minute to 20.97±1.78 per minute, p<0.001), and reduction of peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO2) (97.03±1.39% to 96.36±1.65%, p<0.001). Several complications occurred during the 6MWT including angina (1.3%), dyspnea (1.3%), dizziness (2.6%), nausea (1.3%), lower limbs discomfort (2.6%), systolic BP reduction≥10 mmHg (10.6%), desaturation (SpO2<90%) (1.3%). ST-segment depression occurred in 1.3% patients and ventricular extra-systoles (VES) appeared in 11.9% patients. The 6-minute walk test distance achieved in CAD patients is modest. The 6MWT significantly affects hemodynamic status, causes mild symptoms and transient mild arrhythmias.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-18-02-2020-265
Total View : 129

Abstract : As one of the most antibiotic resistant bacteria, Acinetobacter baumannii (A.baumannii) becoming a serious threat to the global society, moreover due to the emerging of XDR A.baumannii. The study aimed to figure the A.baumannii resistance pattern and XDR A.baumannii’ prevalence, since there is only limited study published for this topic in Indonesia.We analyzed the antimicrobial agents’ usage for acquisition of A.baumannii in an observational descriptive study. This study conducted in one of the national referral hospitals, Central Java-Indonesia. We used data registered between January 2017 until December 2018, from microbiology laboratory which using VITEK® 2 as an antimicrobial susceptibility testing system. We presented the results using data classification and tabulation, which being analyzed from 699 samples that isolated from various specimens. The antibiotics susceptibility result of A.baumannii for group A primary antibiotics were: ampicillin-sulbactam 47.2% resistant; ceftazidime 65.5% resistant; ciprofloxacin 63.2% resistant; meropenem 47.7% resistant; gentamicin 60.4% resistant. While for group B primary antibiotics were: amikacin 17.9% resistant; piperacillin-tazobactam 61.7% resistant; cefepime 63.1% resistant; ceftriaxone 91% resistant; trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole 18.5% resistant. Most A.baumannii were found in sputum (57.3%) and from pulmonology department (37.2 %). Among all specimens 90.6% were MDR and 9.4% were XDR A.baumannii. The antibiotics chosen for A.baumannii infections in group A were on the warning zone according to the hospital consortium, while in group B only amikacin and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole were still sensitive. The high percentage of MDR and the finding of XDR A.baumannii should raise awareness among all the healthcare providers in Indonesia..
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-17-02-2020-264
Total View : 159

Abstract : Enterobius vermicularis (E. vermicularis) is commonly called pinworm; a nematode inhabits the human large intestine. E. vermicularis may cause immune-regulation. Therefore, the objectives of the present study were to elucidate the effect of infection with E. vermicularis on the anti-inflammatory and pro-inflammatory cytokines in relation to insulin sensitivity in obese children. This cross-sectional study was conduct in 2019. 41 obese children with or without enterobiasis aged 9-14 years compared with 18 healthy children were recruited from different private clinics. Pro-inflammatory, anti-inflammatory cytokines, glycemic indices and anthropometric profile were evaluated and then were analyzed by using SPSS software. The most common presenting feature was pruritis ani 80.95% compare to the other symptoms. Besides, most of recruited children were from low socioeconomic status 85.71% compared with 14.28% of moderate socioeconomic status. Fasting blood glucose (FBG), insulin sensitivity, insulin resistance (IR), pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines were better in obese children with enterobiasis compared with obese children without enterobiasis, P<0.05. The present study concluded that enterobiasis improves metabolic and inflammatory profile in obese children. Enterobiasis improves insulin sensitivity, attenuates IR and pro-inflammatory cytokines through IL-10-dependent pathway.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-16-02-2020-262
Total View : 132

Abstract : The concept of self-care among patients with hypertension was used frequently in the literature. However, the concept was used inconsistently, different concepts were used to indicate for self-care. Further, the concept of self-care lacks clarity and was used differently by authors from different disciplines. To increase the understanding of the self-care concept through identifying its surrogate/related terms, definitions, attributes, antecedents and consequences. In this paper, Rodgers' evolutionary method was used to trace the evolution of self-care concept among patients with hypertension. The following data bases were systematically searched Scopus, EBSCO, Pubmed and MEDLINE. Articles used were published in English during 1981-2018. A total of 61 articles were included. Analysis yielded nine surrogate/related terms, nine attributes, eight antecedents and three consequences. The concept of self-care among patients with hypertension was not consistent in the literature. Being consistent in addressing the concept of self- care will enhance the development of empirical and theoretical knowledge.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-16-02-2020-261
Total View : 139

Abstract : The article mentioned the emotional support strategy for children who were sexually abused. Emotional support methods were based on the psychotherapies for non-professional use. The researcher used case study methods on a female child who was sexually abused, combined with observation, psychometric and empirical tests. Through the 3-steps process of being supported: [1] Non-directive play, [2] Life value education, [3] Simple visualization exercises, child’s negative emotions have gradually decreased. This result opened up initial applications of emotional support strategies for children who have been sexual-abused especially for non-specialist counseling and psychotherapy teams: social workers, homeroom teachers and parents; and provided the health care support’s network for children in the community.
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