International Medical Journal (ISSN:13412051)

Aim and Scope

Aim-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is an international open-access journal publishes twelve times each year. The "International Medical Journal" is a peer-reviewed, monthly, online international research journal, which publishes original articles, research articles, review articles with top-level work from all areas of Medical Science Research and their application including Aetiology, bioengineering, biomedicine, cardiology, chiropody, ENT etc. Researchers in all Medical Science and Pharmacy fields are encouraged to contribute articles based on recent research. Journal publishes research articles and reviews within the whole field of Medical Science and Pharmacy Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in this ever-expanding subject. International Medical Journal journal covers almost all disciplines of Medical Science and Pharmacy. Researchers and students of M.B.B.S, M.D., D.T.C.D., GYNE., M.S., M.Pharma, And PhD are requested to send their original research articles to International Medical Journal.

Scope-

International Medical Journal ISSN: (13412051) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal seeks to publish original research articles that are hypothetical and theoretical in its nature and that provide exploratory insights in the following fields but not limited to:

Anatomy Physiology Biochemistry Pharmacology
Pathology Forensic medicine Microbiology Community Medicine
Otorhinolaryngology Internal Medicine General Surgery Obstetrics and Gynecology
Radiology Pulmonary Medicine Dermatology and Venereal diseases Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia Cancer research Neurosurgery Orthopedics

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Latest Journals
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-06-01-2020-124
Total View : 455

Abstract : The induction of the type II diabetes model in Sprague Dawley rat is commonly performed for further laboratory experimental purposes. The main characteristic of type II diabetes mellitus is insulin resistance, which highly associated with high-fat and high-sugar diets. Therefore, to develop this condition, the current study proposed an alternative procedure of induction, wherein includes a combination of a high-fat diet with multiple injections of streptozotocin and immediately, 5% glucose drinks were administered after the injection to enhance the hyperglycemic and insulin resistance state in the rat. This protocol successfully developed the hyperglycemic state. Poor glucose clearance indicated insulin resistance in the rat.  In conclusion, this protocol provides an alternative procedure in inducing insulin resistance and a hyperglycemic state of type II diabetes mellitus in Sprague Dawley rat.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-06-01-2020-123
Total View : 492

Abstract : This systematic review was aimed to establish the safety and efficacy outcomes of statins in diabetes mellitus. Literature review and identification and screening were done according to PRISMA guidelines. Data collected from various articles like PUBMED, WILEY LIBRARY, SCIENCE DIRECT, LANCET, AAPS, SCOPUS, etc. statins have proved the most common safe and efficient medications to treat familial hyperlipidemia besides their minimal side effects. Various risk factors have been linked to statins and new onset diabetes (NOD). The study reveals the remarkable correlation between diabetes type 2, and statins showed significant dose related and duration mild to moderate risk of NOD. Meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) reveals a mild to moderate risk of NOD with statin therapy, while observational studies indicate a more significant association between statins and onset of diabetes. Besides the lipid lowering positive effects of statins in CVD and FH patients, high potency, chronic administration of some individual class statins like atorvastatin, simvastatin progresses the new onset diabetes in specific individuals with underlying risk factors that leads to new onset diabetes. In order to provide conclusiveness between the positive and negative effects of statins, further studies must conduct on large population with different ethnic groups, and hyperglycemic effects of statins can overcome by lifestyle changes, regular exercise, and diet.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-05-01-2020-122
Total View : 588

Abstract : This study objective to emphasize the value of ultrasound technique in estimating and evaluating characterization features of renal failure in Sudanese patients in order to increase public awareness toward renal failure and its consequences. Ninety-six hemodialysis Sudanese participants were diagnosed having renal failure disease and being evaluated and followed up by Ultrasound techniques. The inclusion criteria were retrieved and patients having other renal pathologies or patient less than 20 years old were excluded. Demographic results regarding gender distribution revealed that male was being affected slightly more than female (52.1%), with male: female ratio of (1.1). Age group (20-30) years had the higher prevalence with (24 %). Most of the obtained sample were married with (65.6%). Clinical etiology achieved that (42.7%) had hypertension followed with (33.3%) had diabetes. (83.3%) had chronic end stage renal failure. Regarding sonographic outcomes estimations; (55.2%) had normal kidney during ultrasound, while (51%) had increased parenchymal echogenicity and (57.3%) had poor cortico /medullary differentiation. The study proved that ultrasound technique is accurate in detecting and estimating the characterization of renal failure. Also, the study emphasizes the importance of regular follow-up of patients in hemodialysis by ultrasound technique to assess their condition and improve the way of treatment.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-05-01-2020-121
Total View : 581

Abstract : Obesity is one of the most common silent diseases worldwide with a high prevalence in the Middle East, especially in Saudi Arabia. This study was designed to observe changes in serum proteins in obese and overweight blood donors based on body mass index. SAS 3 electrophoretic protein analysis was performed on donor blood samples and analyzed using serum protein gels. A total of 120 sera were analyzed from different blood groups and different body mass index (BMI) categories. A significant adverse effect of obesity on serum protein levels, specifically (P≤0.05) gamma globulin, in blood types was observed in O, A, and AB blood groups. These results indicate a relation between serum protein concentrations and obesity in the O, A and, AB blood groups. Further studies involving more participants, advanced techniques, and negative blood groups are needed to validate these findings.
Full article
International Medical Journal
Journal ID : IMJ-04-01-2020-120
Total View : 261

Abstract : Violence against teachers has been highlighted as major challenges in academic settings. It is directly associated with the development of fear among teachers and has negative consequences on the effectiveness and efficiency of teachers in teaching. The study aimed to investigate the prevalence and impact of violence against teachers on their socio-psychological wellbeing. Teachers were randomly picked from different schools in Jordan. The questionnaires were distributed to 257 teachers and were analyzed by correlation matrix and factor analysis. The results showed that more than three quarter (84.6%) of the teachers had intention to leave their profession due to violence at workplace. A positive strong relationship exists between quitting profession and poor work management (r=0.813). Violence at workplace is strongly associated with anxiety, depression, and social withdrawal (r=0.886). Only14.9% teachers had neutral perception and 84.6% of the teachers agreed to leave the profession due to violence that caused anxiety and depression. There was a strong association between the Anxiety Depression and Leave Profession. Cognitive and behavioral changes among the teachers were caused due to long-lasting impact of violence causing disturbances in their social life. The increased level of stress among teachers due to violence negatively affected their personal relationships. Some teachers left their profession due to poor work management and positive and strong association between “Leave profession and Poor work management” (r=0.813). In conclusion, Psychological stress is associated with violence against teachers that negatively affects their life; whereas, persistent exposure to violence has negative impact on cognitive processing.
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